Approximate Strengths of Selected Regular Armed Forces of the World

▪ 1999

 
  Combat aircraft1
  Warships Bombers   Defense
    Aircraft   and   Recon-   expenditure
  Military personnel in 000s Submarines Carriers/ Destroyers/ fighter-   nais-   as % of
Country Total Army Navy Air Force2 Nuclear Diesel Cruisers Frigates ground attack Fighters sance Tanks3 1997 GDP
I. NATO
Belgium      43.74       28.2   2.6   11.6 — — —     3   100       —    —      155   1.6
Canada      60.64       20.9   9.0   15.0 —   3 —   16   122       —   18      114   1.3
Denmark   32.1      22.9   3.7     5.5 —   5 —     3     69       —    —      337   1.7
France    358.84     203.2   63.35    78.1 10   2   2   39   400    104   68      548   3.0
Germany 333.5    230.6 26.7   76.2 — 14 —   15   288    175   58   2,716   1.6
Greece 168.5    116.0 19.5   33.0 —   7 —   16   265    115   28   1,735   4.6
Italy    298.44     165.6 40.0   63.6 —   8   2   28   147      90   34   1,299   1.9
Netherlands, The      57.24       27.0 13.8   12.0 —   4 —   16   170       —   15      600   1.9
Norway      28.94       15.2   6.1     6.7 — 12 —     4     58      15     6      170   2.3
Portugal      53.64       24.8 16.8     7.3 —   3 —   10     63       —     5      180   2.6
Spain  194.0    127.0   37.05    30.0 —   8   1   17     41    149   21      725   1.4
Turkey  639.0    525.0   51.05    63.0 — 16 —   21   354      47   39   4,205   4.2
United Kingdom  210.9    113.9   44.55    52.5 15 —   3   35   311    106   71      545   2.8
United States 1,401.6      479.4 551.95  370.3 84 — 31   97 3,613    270 231   8,239   3.4
II. NON-NATO EUROPE
Albania     unk       unk   2.5     6.0 —   1 —    —     47      51    —      721   6.7
Armenia      53.44       52.0    —       — — — —    —       5        1    —      102   8.9
Austria    45.5      45.5    —       — — — —    —     53       —    —      169   0.8
Azerbaijan      72.14       55.6   2.2   10.3 — — —     2     16      19     2      270   4.0
Belarus      83.04       43.0    —   22.0 — — —    —   129    135   12   1,778   2.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina    40.0      40.0    —       — — — —    —      —       —    —      60+   5.0
Bosnian Serbs    30.0      30.0    —       — — — —    —     20       —    —      570  n/a
Bulgaria    101.54       50.4   6.1   19.3 —   2 —     1   112      84   21   1,475   3.4
Croatia    56.2      50.0   3.0     3.2 —   1 —    —     40       —    —      298   5.7
Czech Republic      59.14       25.3    —   15.0 — — —    —     51      58    —      938   2.2
Finland    31.7      24.0   5.0     2.7 — — —    —      —      91    —      230   1.7
Georgia      33.24       12.6   2.0     3.0 — — —    —       9       —    —        79 10.2
Hungary      43.34       23.4    —   11.5 — — —    —      —    114    —      835   2.9
Poland    240.64     142.5 17.1   55.3 —   3 —     2   127    182   16   1,727   2.3
Romania    219.64     111.3   22.15    46.3 —   1 —     7     74    267   21   1,373   2.3
Slovakia      45.44       23.8    —   12.0 — — —    —     32      81     8      478   2.1
Sweden    53.1      35.1   9.2     8.8 — 10 —    —   211    151    —      537   2.4
Ukraine    346.44     171.3   12.55  124.4 —   4 —     9   403    455 112   4,104   2.7
Yugoslavia  114.2      90.0   7.5   16.7 —   4 —     4   121      79   38   1,270   7.8
III. RUSSIA
Russia 1,159.04     420.0 180.05     359.06  72 26 18   26 1,326 1,500 354 15,600   5.8
IV. MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA; SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA; LATIN AMERICA
Algeria  122.0    105.0   7.0   10.0 —   2 —     3     60    121   10      951   4.6
Egypt  450.0    320.0 20.0 110.0 —   4 —     9   165    400   20   3,700   4.3
Iran  545.6    450.0   45.65    50.0 —   3 —     3   155    139   21   1,400   6.6
Iraq  429.0    375.0   2.0   52.0 — — —     2   166    180    —   2,700   7.4
Israel  175.0    134.0   9.0   32.0 —   3 —    —   450       —   22   4,300 11.5
Jordan  104.0      90.0   0.5   13.5 — — —    —     50      43    —   1,217   6.4
Lebanon    55.1      53.3   1.0     0.8 — — —    —      —        3    —      315   4.5
Libya    65.0      35.0   8.0   22.0 —   2 —     3   200    209   11      985   4.7
Morocco  196.3    175.0   7.8   13.5 — — —     1     70      15     4      524   4.2
Oman      43.54       25.0   4.2     4.1 — — —    —     40       —    —      121 10.9
Saudi Arabia  105.5      70.0   13.55    22.0 — — —     8   231    191   10   1,055 12.4
Sudan, The    94.7      90.0   1.7     3.0 — — —    —     45        6    —      280   5.6
Syria  320.0    215.0   5.0 100.0 —   3 —     2   240    335   14   4,600   6.3
Tunisia    35.0      27.0   4.5     3.5 — — —    —     44       —    —        84   1.8
United Arab Emirates    64.5      59.0   1.5     4.0 — — —     2     58      31     8      231   5.5
Yemen    66.3      61.0   1.8     3.5 — — —    —     29      20    —   1,320   7.0
 
Angola  114.0    106.0   2.0     6.0 — — —    —     31        4   10      300   8.8
Burundi      43.54       40.0    —      — — — —    —       4       —    —         —   5.7
Cameroon      22.14       11.5   1.3     0.3 — — —    —     15       —    —         —   2.9
Chad      30.34       25.0    —     0.3 — — —    —       4       —    —        60   4.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of    10.0        8.0   0.8     1.2 — — —    —     12       —    —        40   2.5
Eritrea    47.1      46.0   1.1       — — — —     1     15       —    —      unk   8.3
Ethiopia    120.04     100.0    —       — — — —    —     63       —    —      350   2.1
Kenya    24.2      20.5   1.2     2.5 — — —    —     30       —    —        76   2.4
Nigeria    77.0      62.0   5.5     9.5 — — —     1     91       —    —      200   4.0
Rwanda      47.04       40.0    —       — — — —    —      —       —    —        12   5.5
South Africa      82.44       58.6   5.5   10.9 —   3 —    —   116       —    —      124   1.8
Tanzania    34.0      30.0   1.0     3.0 — — —    —      —      19    —        65   3.4
Uganda    40.0      40.0    —       — — — —    —       4       —    —        50   2.4
Zambia    21.6      20.0    —     1.6 — — —    —     49      14    —        30   1.7
Zimbabwe    39.0      35.0    —     4.0 — — —    —     35      12   15        32   4.7
 
Argentina    73.0      41.0   20.05    12.0 —   3 —   13   223       —   29      326   1.7
Bolivia    33.5      25.0     4.55      4.0 — — —    —     32      18    —         —   2.0
Brazil  313.2    195.0   68.25    50.0 —   6   1   18   284      16   30        60   2.3
Chile    94.5      51.0   30.05    13.5 —   4 —     8     73      15   18      130   2.8
Colombia  146.3    121.0   18.05      7.3 —   2 —     4     59       —   13         —   4.0
Cuba    53.0      38.0     5.05    10.0 —   1 —     2     14    116    —   1,500   5.2
Dominican Republic    24.5      15.0     4.05      5.5 — — —    —     10       —    —         —   1.2
Ecuador    57.1      50.0     4.15      3.0 —   2 —     2     31      14    —          3   3.5
El Salvador    24.6      22.3     0.75      1.6 — — —    —     18       —   11         —   1.9
Guatemala    31.4      29.2     1.55      0.7 — — —    —     14       —    —         —   1.9
Mexico  175.0    130.0   37.05      8.0 — — —     9   101      10   23         —   1.0
Peru  125.0      85.0   25.05    15.0 —   8   2     5     77      41     7      300   2.2
Uruguay    25.6      17.6     5.05      3.0 — — —     3     33       —     1        15   2.3
Venezuela      79.04       34.0   15.05      7.0 —   2 —     6   101       —   22        70   1.1
V. SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA; EAST ASIA AND OCEANIA
Australia    57.4      25.4 14.3   17.7 —   4 —   11   103       —   23        71   2.2
Bangladesh  121.0    101.0 10.5     9.5 — — —     4     49       —    —      140   1.9
Cambodia    139.04       90.0   2.0     2.0 — — —    —       5      24    —      100   7.3
China 2,820.0   2,090.0 260.05  470.0  6 57 —   53   842 2,967 298   8,800   5.7
India 1,175.0      980.0   55.05  140.0 — 19   1   24   406    379   64   3,414   3.3
Indonesia    476.04     235.0   43.05    21.0 —   2 —   17     67      12   61         —   2.2
Japan    242.64     151.8 43.8   45.6 — 16 —   57   110    229 120   1,090   1.0
Kazakstan    55.1      40.0   0.1   15.0 — — —    —     79      32   12      630   2.3
Korea, North 1,054.0      923.0 46.0   85.0 — 26 —     3   607       —    —   3,000 27.0
Korea, South  672.0    560.0   60.05    52.0 — 14 —   34   330    130   51   2,190   3.3
Laos    29.1      25.0   0.6     3.5 — — —    —     26       —    —        30   3.9
Malaysia  110.0      85.0 12.5   12.5 — — —     6     52      33     4         —   3.7
Myanmar (Burma)    434.84     325.0   15.85      9.0 — — —    —     85      36    —      126   7.7
Nepal    46.0      46.0    —       — — — —    —      —       —    —         —   0.9
Pakistan  587.0    520.0   22.05    45.0 —   9 —   10   163    228   19   2,120   5.8
Philippines  117.8      74.5   25.95    17.4 — — —     1     12        6   29         —   1.7
Singapore    72.5      50.0   9.0   13.5 —   1 —    —   112      37     8        60   4.3
Sri Lanka  115.0      95.0 10.0   10.0 — — —    —     22       —    —        25   6.1
Taiwan  376.0    240.0   68.05    68.0 —   4 —   36   529       —   31      719   4.7
Thailand  306.0    190.0   73.05    43.0 — —   1   14   167      50   44      277   2.1
Uzbekistan      80.04       50.0    —     4.0 — — —    —     34      64   10      370   3.9
Vietnam  484.0    412.0   42.05    30.0 —   2 —     7     77    124     4   1,315   4.1
Note: Data exclude most paramilitary, security, and irregular forces. Naval data exclude vessels of less than 100 tons standard displacement. Figures are for June
          1998. Because of substantive changes in national forces and reassessments of evidence, data may not be comparable with previous editions.
1Includes combat aircraft from all services, including naval and air defense. Light strike/counterinsurgency aircraft are included in bomber/fighter-ground attack 
  category. Reconnaissance includes maritime reconnaissance and antisubmarine warfare aircraft.
2Includes air defense troops.
3Main battle tanks (MBT), weighing at least 16.5 metric tons with gun of at least 75-mm calibre.
4Some countries have staffs, centrally controlled units, support services, military police, regular armed forces not responsible to Ministry of Defense, and the like, 
  which means total armed forces are greater than the sum of the three armed forces.
5Includes marines or naval infantry.
6Includes strategic missile forces.
  Source: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 23 Tavistock Street, London, The Military Balance 1998-1999. 
See as table:

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Table
Combat aircraft{1}
Warships Bombers Defense
Military personnel in 000s Submarines Aircraft and expenditure
Carriers/ Destroyers/ fighter- Reconnais- as % of
Country Total Army Navy Air Force{2} Nuclear Diesel Cruisers Frigates ground attack Fighters sance Tanks{3} 1994 GDP

I. NATO
Belgium 47.2{4} 30.1 2.8 12.3 — — — 2 133 — — 334 1.7
Canada 70.5{4} 20.3 10.0 17.1 — 3 — 12 122 — 18 114 1.7
Denmark 33.1 19.1 6.0 8.0 — 5 — 3 66 — — 411 1.9
France 409.0{4} 241.4 64.2{5} 89.2 11 7 3 39 484 91 191 1,016 3.3
Germany 339.9{4} 234.0 28.5 75.3 — 20 — 13 326 181 51 2,695 2.0
Greece 171.3 125.0 19.5 26.8 — 8 — 13 179 150 22 2,268 5.7
Italy 328.7{4} 175.0 44.0 67.8 — 9 2 30 222 111 36 1,309 2.1
Netherlands, The 74.4{4} 43.2 14.3 12.5 — 4 — 18 164 — 19 740 2.1
Norway 30.0{4} 14.7 6.4 7.9 — 12 — 4 59 15 6 170 3.1
Portugal 54.2{4} 29.7 12.5 7.3 — 3 — 11 97 — 6 198 2.6
Spain 206.0 144.7 31.9{5} 29.4 — 8 1 17 42 131 15 684 1.6
Turkey 507.8 400.0 51.0{5} 56.8 — 16 — 21 204 194 49 4,280 3.2
United Kingdom 236.9 116.0 50.5{5} 70.4 15 — 3 35 407 148 26 506 3.4
United States 1,547.3 524.9 613.7{5} 408.7 100 — 44 95 4,267 43 300 12,516 4.3

II. NON-NATO EUROPE
Albania 73.0 60.0 2.5 10.0 — 2 — — 47 51 — 859 2.7
Armenia 60.0{4} 51.8 — 7.4 — — — — 5 1 — 128 3.1
Austria 55.7 51.5 — 4.2 — — — — 24 24 — 169 0.9
Azerbaijan 86.7 73.3 2.2 11.2 — — — — 16 30 — 325 8.7
Belarus 98.4{4} 50.5 — 25.7 — — — — 141 166 42 2,348 2.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 92.0 92.0 — — — — — — — — — 31 69.2
Bulgaria 101.9{4} 51.6 3.0 21.6 — 2 — 1 169 82 21 1,786 2.5
Croatia 105.0 99.6 1.1 4.3 — 1 — — 28 — — 176 10.2
Czech Republic 86.4{4} 37.4 — 18.5 — — — — 156 68 — 1,011 2.6
Finland 31.1 25.7 2.5 2.9 — — — — — 108 — 232 2.0
Hungary 70.5 53.7 — 16.8 — — — — — 133 14 1,016 1.6
Ireland 12.9 10.9 1.0 1.0 — — — — 20 — 4 — 1.2
Moldova 11.8 10.5 — 1.3 — — — — — 27 — — 3.8
Poland 278.6 188.2 17.8 72.6 — 3 — 2 119 265 28 1,752 2.5
Romania 217.4{4} 128.8 19.0{5} 54.0 — 1 — 6 169 222 11 1,843 2.9
Slovakia 47.0 33.0 — 14.0 — — — — 34 69 8 912 2.5
Sweden 64.0 43.5 9.0 11.5 — 13 — — 158 185 50 708 2.5
Ukraine 452.5{4} 212.6 16.0{5} 151.0 — — — 4 252 482 112 4,775 2.1
Yugoslavia 126.5 90.0 6.0 29.0 — 4 — 4 140 113 29 639 23.1

III. RUSSIA
Russia 1,520.0{4} 670.0 200.0 430.0{6} 119 64 26 124 1,435 1,295 406 19,850 9.6

IV. MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA; SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA; LATIN AMERICA
Algeria 121.7 105.0 6.7 10.0 — 2 — 3 61 100 9 960 2.7
Egypt 436.0 310.0 16.0 110.0 — 4 — 7 160 384 20 3,500 5.9
Iran 513.0{4} 345.0 18.0{5} 30.0 — 2 — 5 170 125 14 1,440 3.8
Iraq 382.5 350.0 2.5 30.0 — — — 1 136 180 — 2,700 14.6
Israel 172.0 134.0 6.0 32.0 — 2 — — 222 205 22 4,095 9.5
Jordan 98.6 90.0 0.6 8.0 — — — — 50 32 — 1,141 7.1
Kuwait 16.6{4} 10.0 2.5 2.5 — — — — 68 8 — 220 12.2
Lebanon 44.3 43.0 0.5 0.8 — — — — — 3 — 300 4.4
Libya 80.0 50.0 8.0 22.0 — 4 — 2 200 209 11 2,210 3.7
Morocco 195.5 175.0 7.0 13.5 — — — 1 84 15 2 224 4.3
Oman 43.5{4} 25.0 4.2 4.1 — — — — 46 — — 91 15.9
Saudi Arabia 105.5 70.0 13.5{5} 22.0 — — — 8 163 122 10 1,055 11.2
Sudan, The 118.5 115.0 1.5 3.0 — — — — 27 23 2 320 3.5
Syria 423.0 315.0 8.0 100.0 — 1 — 2 234 331 14 4,600 8.6
Tunisia 35.5 27.0 5.0 3.5 — — — — 32 — — 84 1.4
United Arab Emirates 70.0 65.0 1.5 3.5 — — — — 61 28 8 133 5.7
Yemen 39.5 37.0 1.5 1.0 — — — — 35 34 — 1,125 5.2

Angola 82.0 75.0 1.5 5.5 — — — — 88 21 3 200 8.7
Kenya 24.2 20.5 1.2 2.5 — — — — 28 — — 76 2.2
Madagascar 21.0 20.0 0.5{5} 0.5 — — — — 12 — — — 0.8
Mozambique 34.8 30.0 0.8 4.0 — — — — 43 — — 80 7.1
Nigeria 77.1 62.0 5.6 9.5 — — — 1 92 — — 210 3.1
South Africa 136.9{4} 118.0 4.5 9.0 — 3 — — 243 — 13 250 3.3
Tanzania 34.6 30.0 1.0 3.6 — — — — — 24 — 65 3.5
Zaire 49.1{4} 25.0 1.3{5} 1.8 — — — — 22 — — 60 1.9
Zimbabwe 45.0 41.0 — 4.0 — — — — 23 14 15 40 3.5
Argentina 67.3 40.4 18.0{5} 8.9 — 3 — 13 271 0 12 296 1.7
Brazil 295.0 195.0 50.0{5} 50.0 — 5 1 20 257 16 13 — 1.6
Chile 99.0 54.0 31.0{5} 14.0 — 4 — 9 91 15 20 119 3.5
Colombia 146.4 121.0 18.1{5} 7.3 — 4 — 4 74 — — — 2.3
Cuba 105.0 85.0 5.0{5} 15.0 — 2 — 3 14 116 — 1,575 2.7
Ecuador 57.1 50.0 4.1{5} 3.0 — 2 — 2 58 14 — — 3.2
El Salvador 30.5 28.0 0.5{5} 2.0 — — — — 21 — — — 1.9
Mexico 175.0 130.0 37.0{5} 8.0 — — — 5 90 11 9 — 0.7
Peru 115.0 75.0 25.0{5} 15.0 — 6 2 9 70 20 7 300 1.8
Uruguay 25.6 17.6 5.0{5} 3.0 — — — 3 36 — 6 — 2.5
Venezuela 79.0{4} 34.0 15.0{5} 7.0 — 2 — 6 119 — 4 70 1.6

V. SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA; EAST ASIA AND OCEANIA
Australia 56.1 23.7 15.0 17.4 — 4 — 11 102 — 23 90 2.3
Bangladesh 115.5 101.0 8.0 6.5 — — — 4 30 27 — 140 1.8
Cambodia 88.5{4} 36.0 2.0 0.5 — — — — 6 19 — 250 2.3
China 2,930.0 2,200.0 260.0{5} 470.0 6 46 — 50 1,675 4,000 310 8,000 5.6
India 1,145.0 980.0 55.0{5} 110.0 — 15 2 23 487 372 62 2,400 2.8
Indonesia 274.5 214.0 40.5{5} 20.0 — 2 — 13 61 12 21 — 1.4
Japan 239.5{4} 151.2 43.7 44.6 — 18 — 63 140 290 130 1,160 1.0
Kazakhstan 40.0 25.0 — 15.0 — — — — 69 69 27 624 3.5
Korea, North 1,128.0 1,000.0 46.0 82.0 — 25 — 3 509 — — 3,400 26.6
Korea, South 633.0 520.0 60.0{5} 53.0 — 6 — 40 303 130 51 2,110 3.6
Kyrgyzstan 7.0 7.0 — — — — — — 96 — — 204 1.4
Laos 37.0 33.0 0.5 3.5 — — — — 31 — — 30 7.9
Malaysia 114.5 90.0 12.0 12.5 — — — 4 86 29 12 — 3.9
Mongolia 21.1 20.0 — 1.1 — — — — 15 — — 650 2.8
Myanmar (Burma) 286.0 265.0 12.0{5} 9.0 — — — — 55 36 — 62 3.1
New Zealand 10.0 4.5 2.2 3.3 — — — 4 37 — 6 — 1.1
Pakistan 587.0 520.0 22.0{5} 45.0 — 9 — 11 168 243 16 2,050 6.9
Philippines 106.5 68.0 23.0{5} 15.5 — — — 1 36 7 8 — 1.4
Singapore 53.9 45.0 2.9 6.0 — — — — 109 38 6 60 4.8
Sri Lanka 125.3 105.0 10.3 10.0 — — — — 27 — 6 25 4.7
Taiwan 376.0 240.0 68.0{5} 68.0 — 4 — 38 424 — 38 570 5.0
Thailand 259.0 150.0 66.0{5} 43.0 — — — 10 175 43 28 253 2.6
Turkmenistan 11.0 11.0 — — — — — — 89 82 — 530 1.1
Uzbekistan 25.0{4} 20.4 — 4.0 — — — — 52 64 10 179 2.4
Vietnam 572.0 500.0 42.0{5} 30.0 — — — 7 65 125 4 1,300 5.7

Note: Data exclude most paramilitary, security, and irregular forces. Naval data exclude vessels of less than 100 tons standard displacement. Figures are for June 1995.
Because of substantive changes in national forces and reassessments of evidence, data may not be comparable with previous editions.
{1}Includes combat aircraft from all services, including naval and air defense. Light strike/counterinsurgency aircraft are included in bomber/fighter-ground-attack
category. Reconnaissance includes maritime reconnaissance and antisubmarine warfare aircraft.
{2}Includes air defense troops.
{3}Main battle tanks (MBT), weighing at least 16.5 metric tons with gun of at least 75-mm calibre.
{4}Some countries have staffs, centrally controlled units, support services, military police, regular armed forces not responsible to the Ministry of Defense, and the like,
which means total armed forces are greater than the sum of the three armed forces.
{5}Includes marines or naval infantry.
{6}Includes strategic missile forces.
Adapted by permission of Oxford University Press from International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 1995-1996,
Copyright © The Institute for Strategic Studies.

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Universalium. 2010.

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