▪ 2001Israeli poet (b. May 3, 1924, Würzburg, Ger.—d. Sept. 22, 2000, Jerusalem, Israel), wrote in Hebrew and combined the ancient Jewish poetic tradition with elements of Modernism, including colloquial language and references to various aspects of 20th-century life. He was a patriot who was sometimes critical of Israeli militarism, and he championed the individual in a collectivist society. Frequently called the national poet of Israel, he was extraordinarily popular, and his collections of poetry were best-sellers. He also published novels, plays, short stories, children's books, and essays. He was born Yehuda Pfeuffer, but his family changed its name to Amichai (Hebrew for “my people lives”) when it immigrated to Jerusalem in 1936. Amichai served in North Africa in the Jewish Brigade of the British army during World War II, and it was at this time that he first read T.S. Eliot and W.H. Auden. Both had profound effects on his poetics, and he later became a friend of Auden. After the war he joined the Zionist underground, and he fought in the Arab-Israeli wars of 1948, 1956, and 1973. In the mid-1950s he graduated from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he studied literature and biblical studies and where he later taught. His first collection of poetry, Akhshav u-ve-yamim aherim (“Now and in Other Days”), was published in 1955. Some critics considered his final collection, Patuah sagur patuah (1998; Open Closed Open, 2000), to be his masterpiece. Amichai's works were translated into many other languages, often through the influence of poet friends such as Ted Hughes who were admirers of his work, and he traveled widely to give readings, particularly in the U.S. He received a number of honours and was often nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature.
* * *▪ Israeli authorborn May 3, 1924, Würzburg, Germanydied September 22, 2000, Jerusalem, IsraelIsraeli writer who is best known for his poetry.Amichai and his Orthodox Jewish family immigrated to Palestine in 1936. During World War II he served in the British army, but he later fought the British as a guerrilla prior to the formation of Israel; he also was involved in the Arab-Israeli conflicts of 1956 and 1973. Amichai attended the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and taught for several years at secondary schools.Amichai's poetry reflects his total commitment to the state of Israel, and from his first collection, Akhshav u-ve-yamim aḥerim (1955; “Now and in Other Days”), he employed biblical images and Jewish history. He also compared modern times with ancient, heroic ages and sought to expand biblical language in order to encompass contemporary phenomena. In the 1970s he introduced sexuality as a subject in his poems. With Amen (1977) he garnered a wider audience through the translation of his poems into English by Ted Hughes (Hughes, Ted). Influenced by modern American and English poets, including W.H. Auden, Amichai was noted for his lyrical use of everyday language and the simplicity of his work. The English-language collection The Selected Poetry of Yehuda Amichai (1986) contains selections from his many publications in Hebrew.In addition to short stories and plays, Amichai also wrote novels, of which the best known is Lo me-achshav, lo mi-kan (1963; Not of This Time, Not of This Place), about the quest for identity of a Jewish immigrant to Israel. Gam ha-ʾegrof hayah paʿam yad petuḥah (1989; Even a Fist Was Once an Open Palm with Fingers) is a selection of his poetry in translation. Open Closed Open (2000) continued to explore the Israeli experience.
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AMICHAI, YEHUDA — (1924–2000), Israeli poet and novelist. Born in Germany, Amichai went to Palestine in 1936, settled in Jerusalem, and served with the Jewish Brigade in World War II. In the latter part of the 1940s he began to publish poetry. The appearance of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Amichai, Yehuda — (b. 1924) Israeli writer. Amichai was born in Wurzburg, but moved to Jerusalem at the age of twelve. He fought in both World War II and in the Israeli War of Independence. His collections of poetry include Akhshav Uveyamim Ha’aherim (‘Now and… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Amichai, Yehuda — (1924 2000) Israeli poet and novelist. Born in Germany, he settled in Palestine in 1936. His poetry reflects the changes in the Hebrew language during World War II and the Israeli War of Independence: he introduced airplanes, tanks, fuel… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Yehuda Amichai — Yehuda Amichaï Yehuda Amichaï (Würzburg, 3 mai 1924 Jérusalem, 22 septembre 2000) (en hébreu:יהודה עמיחי) est un poète juif israélien de langue hébraïque. Il occupe une place non négligeable dans la littérature israélienne de son siècle. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français
Amichaï — Yehuda Amichaï Yehuda Amichaï (Würzburg, 3 mai 1924 Jérusalem, 22 septembre 2000) (en hébreu:יהודה עמיחי) est un poète juif israélien de langue hébraïque. Il occupe une place non négligeable dans la littérature israélienne de son siècle. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français
Yehuda Amichai — Infobox Person name = Yehuda Amichai image size = 169px caption = birth date = 3 May 1924 birth place = Würzburg, Germany death date = 22 September 2000 death place = IsraelYehuda Amichai (May 3, 1924 September 22, 2000, Hebrew: יהודה עמיחי) was… … Wikipedia
Yehuda Amijai — (יהודה עמיחי) nacido Ludwig Pfeuffer (Würzburg, 3 de mayo de 1924 – Jerusalén 22 de septiembre de 2000) escritor israelí considerado uno de los mejores poetas contemporáneos en hebreo. Su obra trata temas cotidianos, ironías y amores dolorosos, a … Wikipedia Español
Yehuda Amichaï — (Wurtzbourg, 3 mai 1924 Jérusalem, 22 septembre 2000) (en hébreu : יהודה עמיחי) est un poète juif israélien de langue hébraïque. Il occupe une place non négligeable dans la littérature israélienne de son siècle. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 … Wikipédia en Français
Yehuda Amichai — Jehuda Amichai (hebräisch יהודה עמיחי; * 3. Mai 1924 in Würzburg; † 22. September 2000 in Jerusalem; eigentlich Ludwig Pfeuffer; Namensänderung in Amichai = hebr. Mein Volk lebt, im Jahr 1946) war ein deutsch israelischer Lyriker. Er gilt als… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Yehuda — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Localité Or Yehuda (littéralement lumière de Yehouda en hébreu) est une petite ville israélienne à l Est de Tel Aviv. Prénom Yehuda Amichaï (Würzburg, 3… … Wikipédia en Français