rhythm and blues (R&B)

Any of several closely related musical styles developed by African American artists.

The various styles were based on a mingling of European influences with jazz rhythms and tonal inflections, particularly syncopation and the flatted blues chords. They grew out of the blues of the rural South, which blended work chants with songs of deep emotion, and were greatly influenced by gospel music. Three major forms were distinguishable. The earliest, called race, was the style of the "jump" band, which emphasized strong rhythm, solo work (especially by saxophones), and vocals in a shout-blues manner. A second form, often called Chicago blues, was exemplified by performers such as Muddy Waters and was typically played by a small group with amplified instruments. The third major form was primarily vocal, featuring close, gospel-influenced harmonies often backed by an orchestra. In the mid-1950s the term rhythm and blues was adopted by the music industry for music intended for the African American audience; with the gradual disappearance of racial barriers, the Chicago blues style began to seem less a vital form than a folk tradition, while the gospel style was transformed into the soul music of vast appeal. Rhythm and blues was the chief antecedent of rock music.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Rhythm and Blues — 〈[rı̣ðm ənd blu:z] m.; ; unz.〉 stark rhythmisierte Bluesmusik der amerikanischen Schwarzen [engl., „Rhythmus und Blues“] * * * Rhythm and Blues [ rɪðəm ənd blu:z], der; [engl. rhythm and blues]: aufrüttelnder Musikstil der Schwarzen Nordamerikas …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rhythm and Blues —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec R n B contemporain. Rhythm and blues Origines stylistiques …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • rhythm and blues — noun uncount a type of popular music that African American musicians developed from BLUES and jazz. Rhythm and blues is often called R and B …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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  • Rhythm and Blues — 〈[rı̣ðəm ənd blu:z] m.; Gen.: ; Pl.: unz.; Musik〉 stark rhythmisierte Bluesmusik der amerikan. Schwarzen [Etym.: engl., »Rhythmus und Blues«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

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