nondirective psychotherapy

Type of psychotherapy in which the counselor refrains from interpretation or explanation but encourages the client to establish a person-to-person relationship with him or her and to talk freely.

It originated with Carl R. Rogers and influenced later individual and group therapies. The goal is to enable the client to see him-or herself more clearly and react more openly with the therapist and others. The client determines the course, speed, and duration of treatment.

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also called  client-centred  or  person-centred psychotherapy  

      an approach to the treatment of mental disorders (mental disorder) that aims primarily toward fostering personality growth by helping individuals gain insight into and acceptance of their feelings, values, and behaviour. The function of the therapist is to extend consistent, warm, “unconditional positive regard” toward “clients” (avoiding the negative connotations of “patients”) and, by reflecting the clients' own verbalized concerns, to enable them to see themselves more clearly and react more openly with the therapist and others. Pace, direction, and termination of therapy are controlled by the client; the therapist acts as a facilitator. The nondirective approach was originated by the American counseling psychologist Carl Rogers (Rogers, Carl R.) in the 1940s and influenced other individual and group psychotherapeutic methods. (See psychotherapy.)

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • psychotherapy — psychotherapist, n. /suy koh ther euh pee/, n., pl. psychotherapies. the treatment of psychological disorders or maladjustments by a professional technique, as psychoanalysis, group therapy, or behavioral therapy. [1890 95; PSYCHO + THERAPY] * *… …   Universalium

  • psychotherapy — Treatment of emotional, behavioral, personality, and psychiatric disorders based primarily upon verbal or nonverbal communication and interventions with the patient, in contrast to treatments utilizing chemical and physical measures. See entrie …   Medical dictionary

  • nondirective — “+ adjective Etymology: non (I) + directive 1. : of or relating to psychotherapy or counseling in which the counselor refrains from interpretive or associative comment but usually by repeating phrases used by the client encourages him to express …   Useful english dictionary

  • psychotherapy — Synonyms and related words: Arica movement, Erhard Seminars Training, New Consciousness, Pentothal interview, SAT, T group, assertiveness training, behavior modification, behavior therapy, bioenergetics, biofeedback, confrontation therapy,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • nondirective — adjective Date: 1931 of, relating to, or being psychotherapy, counseling, or interviewing in which the counselor refrains from interpretation or explanation but encourages the client (as by repeating phrases) to talk freely …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • nondirective — non·di·rec·tive .nän də rek tiv, (.)dī adj of, relating to, or being psychotherapy, counseling, or interviewing in which the counselor refrains from interpretation or explanation but encourages the client (as by repeating phrases) to talk freely …   Medical dictionary

  • Rogers, Carl R. — ▪ American psychologist in full  Carl Ransom Rogers   born Jan. 8, 1902, Oak Park, Ill., U.S. died Feb. 4, 1987, La Jolla, Calif.  American psychologist who originated the nondirective (nondirective psychotherapy), or client centred, approach to… …   Universalium

  • therapy — 1. The treatment of disease or disorder by any method. SEE ALSO: therapeutics. 2. In psychiatry, and clinical psychology, a short term for psychotherapy. SEE ALSO: psychotherapy …   Medical dictionary

  • Rogers, Carl R(ansom) — born Jan. 8, 1902, Oak Park, Ill., U.S. died Feb. 4, 1987, La Jolla, Calif. U.S. psychologist. He trained at Teachers College, Columbia University (Ph.D., 1931), and directed a children s agency in New York before taking teaching positions at… …   Universalium

  • group therapy — psychotherapy in which a number of patients discuss their problems together, usually under the leadership of a therapist, using shared knowledge and experiences to provide constructive feedback about maladaptive behavior. [1940 45] * * * Form of… …   Universalium

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