Sled racing using a small sled that is ridden in a supine position.The sled, called a luge, is steered with the feet and subtle shoulder movements. Dating back to the 15th century, lugeing is a traditional winter sport in Austria and is also practiced in other countries. The course used is similar to that employed in bobsledding, and speeds above 90 mph (145 km/hr) are not uncommon. Lugeing became a Winter Olympics sport in 1964.
* * *▪ sledding sportalso called luge tobogganingform of small-sled racing. Luge sledding is distinctive from bob and skeleton sledding in that the sled is ridden in a supine position (lying on the back) and steered by subtle leg and shoulder movements. The sport takes its name from the French word for “sled.”Dating to the 15th century, lugeing is a traditional winter sport in Austria and Germany. The first international sledding competition was held in Davos, Switzerland, in 1883. The International Sled Sport Federation was established in 1913 in Dresden, Germany, and it merged with the Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT) in 1935. With single- and double-seater events, the first European luge championships were held in 1914 at Reichenfels, Austria, and the first world titles were contested at Oslo, Norway, in 1955. In 1957 the luge sport left the FIBT and established the Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (FIL). Lugeing was included in the Olympic Winter Games for the first time in 1964.The sled, called a luge, is of wood, plastic, or fibreglass construction, with wide runners faced with steel. The maximum weight of the sled is 23 kg (50.7 pounds) for singles and 27 kg (59.5 pounds) for doubles. Doubles races are open to both genders, but the event is typically run by all-male teams. Luge competition is often held on a bobsled (bobsledding) run. Runs vary in length but typically range between 1,000 metres and 1,300 metres (approximately three-fourths of a mile) for men and between 800 metres and 1,050 metres (approximately half a mile) for women. Speeds reach up to 145 km (90 miles) per hour as competitors navigate the icy turns. A slider wears an aerodynamic bodysuit and spiked gloves, which enables the athlete to “paddle” the ice at the start of the race, propelling him down the course. A helmet is mandatory.International luge competition has been dominated by European athletes, those from Germany and Austria in particular. At the 1998 Winter Games in Nagano, Japan, U.S. doubles teams claimed the silver and bronze medals, the first luge Olympic medals won by non-Europeans. Georg Hackl (Hackl, Georg) of Germany has been the sport's greatest performer.
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lugeing — lugˈing or lugeˈing noun and adjective • • • Main Entry: ↑luge * * * luge(i)ng obs. form of lodging vbl. n … Useful english dictionary
Olympic Games — 1. Also called Olympian Games. the greatest of the games or festivals of ancient Greece, held every four years in the plain of Olympia in Elis, in honor of Zeus. 2. a modern international sports competition, held once every four years. [1600 10]… … Universalium
tobogganing — Sport of sliding down a snow covered hill on a toboggan, a long, flat bottomed sled made of thin boards curved up at the front end. The word is of Algonquian origin and probably refers to a towing sled. Tobogganing as a sport appears to have… … Universalium
Otto, Sylke — ▪ 2007 At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy, German luger Sylke Otto cemented her place in the history of the sport when she led her teammates to a podium sweep for the second straight Olympics. Otto had already dominated women s luge… … Universalium
sledding — /sled ing/, n. 1. the state of the ground permitting use of a sled: The mountain roads offer good sledding. 2. the going, or kind of travel, for sleds, as determined by ground and weather conditions. 3. a going, progress, or advance in any field … Universalium
extreme sports — Sports events characterized by high speed or high risk. Such sports include aggressive inline skating, wakeboarding, street luge, skateboarding, and freestyle bicycle events (wherein tricks such as back flips are performed on a bicycle). Many of… … Universalium
skeleton sledding — Winter sport similar to lugeing in which a small sled is ridden downhill in a headfirst, prone position. The sport of skeleton sledding developed in the 1880s on the famed Cresta Run at Saint Moritz, Switz. The bony look of the early sleds gave… … Universalium
Shea, Jim, Jr. — ▪ 2003 Seventy years after his grandfather, Jack Shea, won two Olympic gold medals in speed skating, American skeleton slider Jim Shea, Jr., added another gold to the family collection when he claimed first place in his event at the 2002… … Universalium
luge — [lo͞ozh] n. [Fr < dial. (esp. in Savoy and Switzerland), prob. ult. < Gaul] 1. a small racing sled on which one or two riders lie face up with the feet forward 2. the winter sport of racing on a luge vi. luged, lugeing to race with such a… … English World dictionary