fraternity and sorority
Social, professional, or honorary societies for males and females, respectively.Most such organizations use combinations of letters of the Greek alphabet as names. Many social organizations at U.S. colleges and universities are residential and require new members ("pledges") to partake in initiation rites. Certain honorary societies, such as Phi Beta Kappa, are also called fraternities; membership is based on general undergraduate scholarship. See also secret society.
* * *in the United States, social, professional, or honorary societies, for males and females, respectively. Most such organizations draw their membership primarily from college or university students. With few exceptions, fraternities and sororities use combinations of letters of the Greek alphabet as names.The basic function of the social fraternity is to serve as a collegiate “home” and dormitory for its members, but the emphasis varies from school to school. At some universities Greek-letter societies are the nucleus of campus political and social life, while at others fraternities and sororities are barely tolerated or barred altogether. During the student unrest of the late 1960s, criticism of such societies was especially widespread, and many were forced to close for lack of pledges. More recently, however, with the rising cost of university education, fraternities and sororities have returned to favour because they are able through communal living to keep the cost of room and board at a minimum.The membership of professional fraternities is limited to students and faculty members engaged in a particular field of specialization. Membership qualifications are broader than for the social groups and emphasize activities designed to develop professional competency rather than social life. The first professional fraternity, Kappa Lambda, was founded in 1819 for medical students.Perhaps the leading honorary society today is Phi Beta Kappa, which began as a social fraternity at William and Mary College, Williamsburg, Va., in 1776. Membership is now based on general scholarship and is open to both men and women. The oldest social fraternity still in existence as such is Kappa Alpha, begun in 1825 at Union College, Schenectady, N.Y.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
fraternity and sorority — (español: fraternidad y sororidad). Organizaciones sociales, profesionales u honoríficas, compuestas por varones y mujeres, respectivamente. La mayoría de estas organizaciones utilizan como denominación combinaciones de letras del alfabeto griego … Enciclopedia Universal
Fraternity and Sorority Crests — of known varieties are displayed below.Fraternities and Sorories have created crests in order to represent the familial aspect of brotherhood and sisterhood. The greatest representation of fraternal crests are found in yearbooks and chapter… … Wikipedia
Fraternity and sorority pins — This is a list of badges of fraternities and sororities, categorized by the organizations they belong to. Badges have become increasingly popular to collect, even by individuals that have no GLO (Greek Letter Organization) affiliation themselves … Wikipedia
North American fraternity and sorority housing — The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity house at Lafayette College. Photo taken December 2005 North American fraternity and sorority housing refers largely to the houses or housing areas that fraternity and sorority members live and work together in. In… … Wikipedia
List of fraternity and sorority mottos — This is a list of open or public mottos and mission statements of fraternities and sororities, categorized by the organizations to which they belong. It should be noted that most of the mottos which follow are public mottos and, sometimes, little … Wikipedia
The College of William & Mary fraternity and sorority system — offers organizations under the Panhellenic Council, the Interfraternity Council (IFC), and the National Pan Hellenic Council. [http://web.wm.edu/so/greeks/chapters/chapters.php The College of William Mary Fraternity/Sorority Life – Greek… … Wikipedia
Syracuse University fraternity and sorority system — The Syracuse University fraternity and sorority system offers organizations under the Panhellenic Council, the Interfraternity Council (IFC), the National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations, the National Multicultural Greek Council,… … Wikipedia
History of the North American fraternity and sorority system — This page deals with the development of a coordinated system of college fraternities and sororities in the United States and Canada. These organizations ccoordinate their activities among themselves, through inter organizational groups, like the… … Wikipedia
Colony (fraternity or sorority) — A colony is a probationary body of a national fraternity or sorority. A group wishing to become a member of a fraternity or sorority must first petition for status as a colony. If the colony prospers, the colony may later be chartered, thereby… … Wikipedia
Fraternity (disambiguation) — A fraternity is a brotherhood, though the term usually connotes a distinct or formal organization. An organization referred to as a fraternity may be a:*Secret society *Chivalric order *Benefit society *Friendly society *Social club *Trade… … Wikipedia