calendering

Process of smoothing and compressing a material (notably paper) during production by passing a continuous sheet through a number of pairs of heated rolls.

The rolls in combination are called calenders; they are made of hardened steel or steel covered with fiber. In paper production, they typically exert a pressure of 500 lbs per linear in. (89 kg per cm). Coated papers are calendered to obtain a smooth, glossy finish. Calendering is also widely used in the manufacture of textiles, coated fabrics, and plastic sheeting.

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▪ manufacturing process
      process of smoothing and compressing a material (notably paper) during production by passing a single continuous sheet through a number of pairs of heated rolls. The rolls in combination are called calenders. Calender rolls are constructed of steel with a hardened surface, or steel covered with fibre; in paper production, they typically exert a pressure of 500 pounds per linear inch (89 kilograms per centimetre). Coated papers are calendered to provide a smooth, glossy finish.

      Calendering is also widely used in the manufacture of textile fabrics, coated fabrics, and plastic sheeting to provide the desired surface finish and texture.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
(by a calender)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calendering — The finishing of cloth by means of heated rollers, the cloth being under presence between the rollers or bowls. The heat is applied by gas or steam. The number of bowls varies according to the kind of finish required, such as dull, glazed,… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Calendering — Calender Cal en*der, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Calendered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Calendering}.] [Cf. F. calandrer. See {Calender}, n.] To press between rollers for the purpose of making smooth and glossy, or wavy, as woolen and silk stuffs, linens, paper …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • calendering — A thin layer of rubber inside the tire casing which covers the carcass cords to protect them from moisture and to protect the tube from chafing by the cord body. In tubeless tires, calendering consists of a layer of air proof butyl rubber …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • Calendering — Каландрирование …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • calendering — n. act of pressing or smoothing material by running it through a calender cal·en·der || kælɪndÉ™ v. press or smooth a material by running it through a calender n. machine with two rotating cylinders that presses cloth or paper to give it a… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • calendering —    In papermaking, the process of pressing paper in order to give it a smooth surface, running it between rollers under strong pressure. Supercalendering produces an even smoother, polished finish …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • calendering — n. Glazing (by a calender) …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • calendering — calˈendering noun • • • Main Entry: ↑calender …   Useful english dictionary

  • Calendering machine — Каландрирующее устройство; каландр …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • High-gloss calendering equipment — Оборудование для сатинирующего каландрирования (бумаги) …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

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