body modification and mutilation

Intentional modification of the human body for religious, aesthetic, or social reasons.

It is frequently performed for magical or pseudo-medical purposes, but cosmetic motives are equally common. The variability of the results in different cultures reflects varying ideals of beauty or morality. Modifications include head flattening, insertion of a lip plug, tattoos, scarification, and piercing of the ear and other parts of the body. Mutilations include male and female circumcision, foot binding, and amputation.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Genital modification and mutilation — The terms genital modification and genital mutilation can refer to permanent or temporary changes to human sex organs. Some forms of genital alteration are performed at the behest of an adult, with their informed consent. Others are performed on… …   Wikipedia

  • Body modification — (or body alteration) is the deliberate altering of the human body for any non medical reason, such as aesthetics, sexual enhancement, a rite of passage, religious reasons, to display group membership or affiliation, to create body art, shock… …   Wikipedia

  • body — /bod ee/, n., pl. bodies, v., bodied, bodying, adj. n. 1. the physical structure and material substance of an animal or plant, living or dead. 2. a corpse; carcass. 3. the trunk or main mass of a thing: the body of a tree. 4. Anat., Zool. the… …   Universalium

  • modification — /mod euh fi kay sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of modifying. 2. the state of being modified; partial alteration. 3. a modified form; variety. 4. Biol. a change in a living organism acquired from its own activity or environment and not… …   Universalium

  • Body integrity identity disorder — (BIID), formerly known as Amputee Identity Disorder, is a psychological disorder wherein sufferers feel they would be happier living as an amputee. It is typically accompanied by the desire to amputate one or more healthy limbs to achieve that… …   Wikipedia

  • mutilation, ritual —       intentional modification of the living human body for religious, aesthetic, or social reasons. See body modifications and mutilations. * * * …   Universalium

  • Anthropology and Archaeology — ▪ 2009 Introduction Anthropology       Among the key developments in 2008 in the field of physical anthropology was the discovery by a large interdisciplinary team of Spanish and American scientists in northern Spain of a partial mandible (lower… …   Universalium

  • Female genital mutilation — Description Partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs, for non medical reasons Areas practiced Western, eastern, and north eastern Africa, Middle East, Near East, Southeast Asia… …   Wikipedia

  • Circumcision controversies — This article is about male circumcision. For female circumcision, see Female genital mutilation. For the female circumcision controversy in Kenya, 1929–1931, see Female circumcision controversy. Male circumcision has often been, and remains, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Opposition to circumcision — has occurred throughout history. The Ancient Greeks valued the foreskin and were opposed to circumcision; the Romans past laws banning the procedure. Opposition of a different kind was spawned with the advent of routine infant circumcision in the …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.