art brut

(French; "raw art")

Art produced by people outside the established art world, particularly crude, inexperienced, or obscene works created by the untrained or the mentally ill.

The term was coined by Jean Dubuffet, who regarded such works as the purest form of expression. See also naive art.

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      (French: “raw art”), art of the French painter Jean Dubuffet (Dubuffet, Jean), who in the 1940s promoted art that is crude, inexperienced, and even obscene. Dubuffet, the most important French artist to emerge after World War II, became interested in the art of the mentally ill in mid-career, after studying The Art of the Insane by the Swiss psychiatrist Hans Prinzhorn. Dubuffet applied the name art brut to the drawings, paintings, and doodlings of the psychotic, the naive, and the primitive, works that he regarded as the purest forms of creative expression. Like the early Cubists' discovery of primitive Oceanian and African sculpture, Dubuffet's study of this type of art gave him the inspiration he sought for his own art, as it represented for him the most authentic expression of emotion and human values.

      Originally inspired by the childlike art of the Swiss painter Paul Klee (Klee, Paul), from the 1940s on, Dubuffet's paintings emulated the sincerity and naiveté that he associated with real art brut. The first of these works shows a childlike vision of humanity and civilization, with bright, gay colours and naive drawing. Later works, passionate and primitive, sometimes pathetic, sometimes obscene, incorporate forms derived from graffiti and psychotic art; painted in thick impasto or constructed in collage, these densely detailed and intensely expressive works convey a sense of teeming life and brutal force.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • art brut —    French for raw art, Jean Dubuffet (1901 1985) devised this name in 1945 for the art of children and outsiders (naïve artists and the mentally ill); actually, anyone not producing art for profit or recognition. Because they did not adhere to… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Art Brut — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Art brut (homonymie).  Pour l art premier ou primitif, production des sociétés traditionnelles ou primitives, voir Arts premiers. Art brut est un terme inventé par le peintre Jean Dubuffet pour désigner les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ART BRUT — Dans l’acception que lui donne le peintre Jean Dubuffet, qui s’en fit l’introducteur au lendemain du dernier conflit mondial, le concept d’«art brut» s’applique à «des productions de toute espèce – dessins, peintures, broderies, figures modelées… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Art Brut — в 2006 году Основная информация …   Википедия

  • Art brut — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Art Brut puede referirse a: Arte marginal Art Brut, grupo inglés de rock alternativo Obtenido de Art brut Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • art brut — noun The primitive (literally, raw), unrefined or naïve art of non professional or untrained artists (eg children, mental patients, prisoners, etc) • • • Main Entry: ↑art * * * art brut «ar brooT», French. 1. a work of art, especially a painting …   Useful english dictionary

  • Art brut — 〈[a:r bry:] f.; ; unz.〉 Stilrichtung der bildenden Kunst, die das Unbewusste, Rohe zum Qualitätsmerkmal stilisiert [verkürzt <frz. art brutale „brutale Kunst“] * * * Art brut   [aːr bryt; französisch »unverbildete Kunst«] die, , von J.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Art brut — [ar bryt] die od. der; <aus fr.art brut »unverbildete Kunst«> von dem franz. Maler Jean Dubuffet (1901 1985) geprägte Bez. für die spontan und unreflektiert gestaltete Kunst (z. B. von Kindern) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • art brut — (n.) art done by prisoners, lunatics, etc., 1955, French, lit. raw art (see ART (Cf. art) (n.) + BRUTE (Cf. brute)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Art brut — 〈[a:r brỵ] f.; Gen.: ; Pl.: unz.〉 Stilrichtung der bildenden Kunst, die das Unbewusste, Spontane zum Qualitätsmerkmal stilisiert [Etym.: verkürzt <frz. art brutale »brutale, rohe Kunst«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Art brut — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Art brut (homonymie). Pour l art premier ou primitif, production des sociétés traditionnelles ou primitives, voir Arts premiers. Art brut est un terme inventé par le peintre Jean Dubuffet pour désigner les… …   Wikipédia en Français

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