Young, Cy

orig. Denton True Young

born March 29, 1867, Gilmore, Ohio, U.S.
died Nov. 4, 1955, Newcomerstown, Ohio

U.S. baseball pitcher.

Young, 6 ft 2 in. (1.88 m) tall, was a powerful right-handed thrower. His dominating fastball earned him the nickname "Cy," short for "cyclone." He began his major league career in 1890 with the Cleveland Indians (National League); after his Cleveland years (1890–98), he pitched for the St. Louis Cardinals (1899–1900), the Boston Red Sox (1901–08), the Cleveland Indians again (American League, 1909–11), and the Boston Braves (1911). In each of 16 seasons he won more than 20 games; in five he won more than 30. Though many early records are in dispute, he won more major league games (509 or 511) than any other pitcher in history. Among his other records are games started (816 or 818), completed starts (750 or 751), and innings pitched (7,356 or 7,377). In 1904 he pitched the first perfect game (no player reaching first base). The annual Cy Young Award, instituted in 1956, originally honoured the best major league pitcher; since 1967 it has been given to the best pitcher in each league.

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▪ American athlete
byname of  Denton True Young  
born March 29, 1867, Gilmore, Ohio, U.S.
died Nov. 4, 1955, Newcomerstown, Ohio
 professional U.S. baseball player, winner of more major league games than any other pitcher. His victory total is variously given as 509 or 511, the sum of his defeats 313, 315, or 316. In each of 16 seasons (14 consecutive, 1891–1904) he won more than 20 games; in five of those years he won more than 30. Among his other records are games started, 816 or 818; completed starts, 750 or 751; and innings pitched, 7,356 or 7,377. (Many important early records of baseball are in dispute.)

      Young, a big (6 feet 2 inches, 210 pounds) right-hander, pitched for five teams during his 22 years (1890–1911) in the major leagues, spending the first nine seasons with the Cleveland team in the National League, and the period 1901–08 with the Boston Red Sox in the American League. In 1897 and 1908 he pitched no-hit games, and on May 5, 1904, he registered a perfect game (no player reaching first base) for the Red Sox against the Philadelphia Athletics. He also played for the St. Louis Cardinals (1899–1901) and the Boston Braves (1911) in the National League and the Cleveland Indians (1909–11) in the American League.

      Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937, Young is commemorated in the Cy Young Award, instituted in 1956 to honour the best major league pitcher each year (separate awards for each league from 1967).

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Universalium. 2010.

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