Xipe Totec

Pre-Columbian Mexican god of spring and of new vegetation; he is also the patron of precious metals.

Originating with the Zapotec Indians, he was adopted by the Aztecs. A symbol of new vegetation, he is always depicted in art wearing a freshly flayed skin, representing the "new skin" that covers the earth in spring. In the second ritual month of the Aztec calendar, priests sacrificed human victims by removing their hearts or shooting them with arrows, flayed the bodies, and put on the skins, which were dyed yellow and called "golden clothes."

* * *

▪ Aztec deity
Nahuatl“Our Lord the Flayed One”
 Mesoamerican god of spring and new vegetation and patron of goldsmiths. Xipe Totec was venerated by the Toltecs (Toltec) and Aztecs (Aztec). As a symbol of the new vegetation, Xipe Totec wore the skin of a human victim—the “new skin” that covered the Earth in the spring. His statues and stone masks always show him wearing a freshly flayed skin.

      Representations of Xipe Totec first appeared at Xolalpan, near Teotihuacán, and at Texcoco, in connection with the Mazapan culture—that is, during the post-Classic Toltec phase (9th–12th century AD). The Aztecs adopted his cult during the reign of Axayacatl (1469–81). During Tlacaxipehualiztli (“Flaying of Men”), the second ritual month of the Aztec year, the priests killed human (human sacrifice) victims by removing their hearts. They flayed the bodies and put on the skins, which were dyed yellow and called teocuitlaquemitl (“golden clothes”). Other victims were fastened to a frame and put to death with arrows; their blood dripping down was believed to symbolize the fertile spring rains. A hymn sung in honour of Xipe Totec called him Yoalli Tlauana (“Night Drinker”) because beneficent rains fell during the night; it thanked him for bringing the Feathered Serpent, who was the symbol of plenty, and for averting drought.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xipe Tótec — Xipe Totec o Tezcatlipoca Rojo, Códice Borgia. Xipe Totec o Tezcat …   Wikipedia Español

  • Xipe Totec — Tezcatlipoca représenté dans le Codex Borgia Nom nahua Xipe Totec Traduction en français Notre seigneur l écorché Résidence Teteocan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xipe Totec — im Codex Borgia, Aztekencodex, 15. Jahrhundert Xipe Totec („unser Herr, der Geschundene“) ist der Vegetationsgott der Azteken und gleichzeitig Gott des Frühlings, der aufkeimenden Saat und der Jahreszeiten. Außerdem personifiziert er das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xipe Totec —   [ xipə to tɛk; Nahuatl »unser Herr der Geschundene«], Vegetationsgott der Azteken, schon aus Teotihuacán bekannt und auch bei anderen Völkern Mesoamerikas (Zapoteken, Mixteken) nachweisbar. Dargestellt ist er meist mit der übergezogenen Haut… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Xipe Totec — In Aztec mythology, Xipe Totec ( our lord the flayed one ) was a life death rebirth deity, god of agriculture, the west, disease, spring, goldsmiths and the seasons. He flayed himself to give food to humanity, symbolic of the maize seed losing… …   Wikipedia

  • Xipe Totec — (SHY pea TOE teck) Xipe Totec ( Our Lord the Flayed One ) was one of the vampiric gods of the Aztec people of ancient Mexico. He was described as wearing the skin of the victims who were sacrificed to him, symbolic of the new skin that the earth… …   Encyclopedia of vampire mythology

  • Xipe Totec —    Aztec trickster vampire DEMON of the underworld. Xipe Totec is called the “night drinker” because he sucks the BLOOD of souls of the dead who drop off to sleep instead of doing their penance. Enemies of the Aztec feared him as the god of… …   Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology

  • Xipe Tótec — ► MITOLOGÍA Divinidad nahua cuyo nombre significa «nuestro señor el desollado». Se le considera patrono del maíz, de las enfermedades de la piel, de los plateros, etc. * * * Dios del México precolombino de la primavera y de la fecundidad de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Xipé( Totec) —    One of the old gods of the Aztecs depicted as a being in a human skin and known as ‘Our Lord the Flayed One’. He may be compared with the Mayan God ‘F’ …   Who’s Who in non-classical mythology

  • Xipe Totec —    From Aztec mythology, the god of seed time and agriculture. He is the flayed god who skinned himself to provide food for mankind. He is also the god of penitential torture who gave man smallpox, blindness and other diseases …   The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.