Wise, Isaac Mayer

born March 29, 1819, Steingrub, Bohemia, Austrian Empire
died March 26, 1900, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.

Rabbi and organizer of Reform Judaism in the U.S. After emigrating from Bohemia, in 1854 he accepted a pulpit in Cincinnati, a post he held the rest of his life.

He propagandized tirelessly for centralized Reform institutions and was instrumental in the formation of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations and of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, both of which he presided over. In 1857 he compiled a standard Reform prayer book, Minhag America. Though he failed to unite American Jews of all persuasions, he did bring about unanimity among Reform Jews.

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▪ American rabbi
born March 29, 1819, Steingrub, Bohemia, Austrian Empire [now in Czech Republic]
died March 26, 1900, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.

      rabbi whose goal of uniting American Jewry made him the greatest organizer of Reform (Reform Judaism) Jewish institutions in the United States.

      After serving as a rabbi for two years in Radnice, Bohemia, Wise immigrated in 1846 to Albany, N.Y., where he was a rabbi for eight years. His congregation there was the first in the United States to employ family pews; these became a standard institution in Reform Judaism. In 1854 Wise accepted the pulpit of Bene Yeshurun in Cincinnati, a post he retained for the rest of his life.

      Although Wise failed in his efforts to unite American Jews of all persuasions, he did bring about great unanimity among Reform Jews. In addition, he succeeded in adapting Reform Judaism to American life. An astute politician, he propagandized tirelessly for centralized Reform institutions in his English-language weekly, the American Israelite; in his German-language paper, Die Deborah; and in many rabbinical conferences.

      The fruits of his efforts were the Union of American Hebrew Congregations (American Hebrew Congregations, Union of) (see American Hebrew Congregations, Union of), a confederation of synagogues in the Midwest and South that grew into an association of American and Canadian Reform congregations; its educational arm, Hebrew Union College (q.v.; now Hebrew Union College–Jewish Institute of Religion), the first permanent American rabbinical college, of which Wise was president until his death; and the Central Conference of American Rabbis, which became the legislative body of Reform Judaism. Wise served as president of the Central Conference until his death.

      Because of the diversity of Reform prayer books, Wise tried to compile a standard work and in 1857 published the Minhag America (“American Usage”). It was superseded in 1894 by the Union Prayer Book, which came into being, in large part, because Wise had emphasized so often and so forcefully the need for a standard text. A believer in the universal mission of Judaism, he was a firm opponent of the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WISE, ISAAC MAYER — (1819–1900) U.S. Reform rabbi, architect of Reform Judaism in America. Wise was born in Steingrub, Bohemia, and studied at yeshivot in Prague and Vienna. In 1843, he became the rabbinical officiant (Religionsweiser) in Radnitz, Bohemia.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wise, Isaac Mayer — (1819–1900)    US rabbi and Reform pioneer. As the rabbi of the B’nai Jeshurun Congregation in Cincinnati from 1854, Wise, an immigrant from Bohemia, campaigned for a single all American union of congregations with a single prayer book, but came… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Wise, Isaac Mayer — (1819 1900)    American Reform leader. He was born in Steingrub, Bohemia, and emigrated to the US in 1846. He served as rabbi of Congregation Beth El in Albany, then in 1854 became minister of a congregation in Cincinnati. He founded an English… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Wise, Isaac Mayer — (29 mar. 1819, Steingrub, Bohemia, Imperio austríaco–26 mar. 1900, Cincinnati, Ohio, EE.UU.). Rabino y organizador del judaísmo reformado en EE.UU. Después de emigrar desde Bohemia, en 1854 aceptó un púlpito en Cincinnati, posición que mantuvo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Isaac Mayer Wise — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isaac Mayer Wise — (March 29 1819, Steingrub (now Lomnička), Bohemia, Austrian Empire March 26 1900, Cincinnati), American Reform rabbi, editor, and author.. He soon began agitating for reforms in the service, and his was the first Jewish congregation in the United …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac Mayer Wise — 1876 Isaac Mayer Wise (* 29. März 1819 in Steingrub, Böhmen; † 26. März 1900 in Cincinnati, Ohio; eigentlich Isaac Mayer Weis) war ein religionsgeschichtlich bedeutender US amerikanischer Rabbiner böhmischer Her …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac Mayer Wise — noun United States religious leader (born in Bohemia) who united reform Jewish organizations in the United States (1819 1900) • Syn: ↑Wise • Instance Hypernyms: ↑religious leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • WISE — ist der Name folgender Orte: Wise (North Carolina) Wise (Virginia) Wise County (Texas) Wise County (Virginia) Wise River, Montana Wise Township, Virginia Wise ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bob Wise (* 1948), amerikanischer Politiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mayer — Mayer, Julius Robert von * * * (as used in expressions) Mayer, Louis B(urt) Eliezer Mayer Lazar Mayer Mayer, Maria (Gertrude) Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Inc. Wise, Isaac Mayer …   Enciclopedia Universal

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