William of Auvergne
French Guillaume d'Auvergnedied 1249, ParisFrench philosopher and theologian.Named bishop of Paris in 1228, William was a reformer who defended the rising mendicant orders against attacks by the secular clergy. After the church condemned the works of Aristotle, he became one of the first Western scholars to attempt to incorporate into Christianity whatever in Aristotle's thought was compatible with it. He was influenced by Avicenna and by the Neoplatonism of St. Augustine. His principal work, written in 1223–40, is Magisterium divinale ("The Divine Teaching").
* * *▪ French philosopheralso called William Of Paris, or William Of Alvernia, French Guillaume D'auvergne, or De Parisborn after 1180, , Aurillac, Aquitainedied 1249, Paristhe most prominent French philosopher-theologian of the early 13th century and one of the first Western scholars to attempt to integrate classical Greek and Arabic philosophy with Christian doctrine.William became a master of theology at the University of Paris in 1223 and a professor by 1225. He was named bishop of the city in 1228. As such he defended the rising mendicant orders against attacks by the secular clergy, which impugned the mendicants' orthodoxy and reason for existence. As a reformer he limited the clergy to one benefice (church office) at a time if it provided them sufficient means.William's principal work, written between 1223 and 1240, is the monumental Magisterium divinale (“The Divine Teaching”), a seven-part compendium of philosophy and theology: De primo principio, or De Trinitate (“On the First Principle,” or “On the Trinity”); De universo creaturarum (“On the Universe of Created Things”); De anima (“On the Soul”); Cur Deus homo (“Why God Became Man”); De sacramentis (“On the Sacraments”); De fide et legibus (“On Faith and Laws”); De virtutibus et moribus (“On Virtues and Customs”).After the condemnation of Aristotle's Physics and Metaphysics in 1210 by church authorities fearful of their negative effect on the Christian faith, William initiated the attempt to delete those Aristotelian theses that he saw as incompatible with Christian beliefs. On the other hand, he strove to assimilate into Christianity whatever in Aristotle's thought is consistent with it.Influenced by the Aristotelianism of Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā), an 11th-century Islāmic philosopher, and by the Neoplatonism of Augustine and the school of Chartres, William, nevertheless, was sharply critical of those elements in classical Greek philosophy that contradicted Christian theology, specifically on the questions of human freedom, Divine Providence, and the individuality of the soul. Against Avicenna's determinism, he held that God “voluntarily” created the world, and he opposed those proponents of Aristotelianism who taught that man's conceptual powers are one with the single, universal intellect. William argued that the soul is an individualized, immortal “form,” or principle, of intelligent activity; man's sentient life, however, requires another activating “form.”The complete works of William of Auvergne, edited in 1674 by B. Leferon, were reprinted in 1963. A critical text of De bono et malo by J.R. O'Donnell appeared in 1954.
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William of Auvergne — can refer to several people: * William of Auvergne, Bishop of Paris (1228 1249) * William IV of Auvergne (989–1016) (also called William I or V) * William V of Auvergne (1032–1064) (also called William II or VI) * William VI of Auvergne… … Wikipedia
WILLIAM OF AUVERGNE° — (c. 1180–1249), French theologian and philosopher. Born in Aurillac, William was professor of theology at the University of Paris and bishop of that city from 1228 until his death. His principal work is Magisterium divinale, a collection of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
William of Auvergne — • Short article on this thinker, by William Turner Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
William of Auvergne — See Metaphysics and science in the thirteenth century … History of philosophy
William of Auvergne (bishop) — William of Auvergne (1190 1249) was the Bishop of Paris from 1228 to his death in 1249. He was a Scholastic philosopher at the University of Paris before being raised to the episcopate. He was born in Aurillac in the last years of the twelfth… … Wikipedia
Metaphysics and science in the thirteenth century: William of Auvergne, Robert Grosseteste and Roger Bacon — Steven Marrone By the third decade of the thirteenth century there emerge the first signs of a new metaphysics. Alongside Neoplatonizing idealism we now see attempts to lay greater emphasis on the ontological density of the created world and to… … History of philosophy
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William of Paris [or Auvergne] — (c. 1180–1249) Bishop and Theologian. William was Bishop of Paris from 1228 and he was an influential figure at the court of King Louis ix. He is mainly remembered for his encyclopaedic Magisterium Divinale which covered topics such as the… … Who’s Who in Christianity
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