Whitworth, Sir Joseph

born Dec. 21, 1803, Stockport, Cheshire, Eng.
died Jan. 22, 1887, Monte-Carlo, Monaco

British mechanical engineer.

Working for Henry Maudslay, he devised a scraping technique for making a true plane surface. He followed this with a measuring machine and a system of accurate dimensional standards or master gauges to go with it, and screws with standardized threads (1841), among other innovations. His machine tools became internationally known for their accuracy and quality.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Whitworth, Sir Joseph — SUBJECT AREA: Mechanical, pneumatic and hydraulic engineering, Metallurgy, Weapons and armour [br] b. 21 December 1803 Stockport, Cheshire, England d. 22 January 1887 Monte Carlo, Monaco [br] English mechanical engineer and pioneer of precision… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Whitworth, Sir Joseph — (21 dic. 1803, Stockport, Cheshire, Inglaterra–22 ene. 1887, Montecarlo, Mónaco). Ingeniero mecánico británico. Trabajando para Henry Maudslay ideó una técnica de raspado para hacer una superficie realmente plana. Siguió con una máquina medidora… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WHITWORTH, SIR JOSEPH —    eminent mechanician, born at Stockport; the rival of Lord Armstrong in the invention of ordnance; invented artillery of great range and accuracy; was made a baronet in 1869 (1803 1887) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Whitworth, Sir Joseph, Baronet — ▪ British engineer born Dec. 21, 1803, Stockport, Cheshire, Eng. died Jan. 22, 1887, Monte Carlo  English mechanical engineer who won international recognition as a machine toolmaker.       After working as a mechanic for various Manchester… …   Universalium

  • Joseph Whitworth — Joseph Whitworth. Sir Joseph Whitworth (21 diciembre de 1803 – 22 de enero de 1887) fue un ingeniero y emprendedor inglés. Fue el creador del rifle Whitworth. Biografía Whitworth nació en Stockport, hijo de Charles Whitworth, profesoy y cura… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Whitworth [2] — Whitworth, Sir Joseph, Mechaniker, geb. 1803 in Stockport, gest. 22. Jan. 1887 in Monte Carlo, arbeitete seit seinem 14. Lebensjahr in Fabriken und gründete 1833 eine kleine Werkzeug und Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik in Manchester, die durch ihre… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Whitworth [2] — Whitworth, Sir Joseph, engl. Mechaniker, geb. 21. Dez. 1803 zu Stockport, Fabrikbesitzer in Manchester, gest. 22. Jan. 1887 in Monte Carlo; Erfinder mehrerer Werkzeugmaschinen, eines Gewindesystems für Schrauben und der vorübergehend in England… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Joseph — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Addison, Joseph Akiba ben Joseph Jacques Joseph Ahearn Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Banks, Sir Joseph Belloc, (Joseph Pierre) Hilaire Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) y …   Enciclopedia Universal

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