Westminster, Statute of
- (1931) Parliamentary statute that effected the equality of Britain and the then-dominions of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, and Newfoundland.It confirmed declarations made at British imperial conferences in 1926 and 1930 that the self-governing dominions were to be regarded as "autonomous communities within the British Empire." United in their allegiance to the crown, the countries individually controlled their own domestic and foreign affairs as equal members of the British Commonwealth of Nations.
* * *▪ United Kingdom (1931), statute of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that effected the equality of Britain and the then dominions of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, and Newfoundland (Newfoundland and Labrador).The statute implemented decisions made at British imperial conferences in 1926 and 1930; the conference of 1926 in particular declared that the self-governing dominions were to be regarded as “autonomous communities within the British Empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, though united by a common allegiance to the Crown, and freely associated as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations.” The statute itself recognized the sovereign right of each dominion to control its own domestic and foreign affairs, to establish its own diplomatic corps, and (except for Newfoundland) to be separately represented in the League of Nations. It was also stated that “no law hereafter made by the Parliament of the United Kingdom” or by any dominion parliament “shall extend to any of the said Dominions as part of the law of that Dominion otherwise than at the request and at the consent of that Dominion.”The statute left many difficult legal and constitutional questions unsettled—e.g., the functions of the Crown, the possibility of one or more of the autonomous communities remaining neutral while others are at war, and so forth—but mutual forbearance and constant consultation between the different units made the formula remarkably successful in operation.
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Westminster — /west min steuhr/, n. 1. a central borough (officially a city) of Greater London, England: Westminster Abbey, Houses of Parliament, Buckingham Palace. 214,000. 2. a city in SW California. 71,133. 3. a city in NE Colorado. 50,211. * * * (as used… … Universalium
statute — /stach ooht, oot/, n. 1. Law. a. an enactment made by a legislature and expressed in a formal document. b. the document in which such an enactment is expressed. 2. Internat. Law. an instrument annexed or subsidiary to an international agreement,… … Universalium
Statute of Westminster — 1. the Statute of Westminster 1931 distinguished dominions from colonies and legislation applicable to colonies. Dominions were permitted to pass extraterritorial legislation and no UK legislation was to extend to the dominions unless expressly… … Law dictionary
Westminster, First Statute of — A law enacted in 1275 to enforce some of the provisions of Magna Charta and to liberalize the law of England. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. Westminster, First Statute of … Law dictionary
Westminster, Second Statute of — An English law enacted in 1285 that converted estates in fee simple conditional into estates in fee entail and rendered them inalienable, thereby strengthening the power of the nobility. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.… … Law dictionary
Westminster (disambiguation) — Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London.Westminster may also refer to:Government* Westminster , the Parliament of the United Kingdom * Westminster , the United Kingdom government, see Her Majesty s Government… … Wikipedia
Statute of Westminster — noun An act (1931) of the United Kingdom parliament conferring independent sovereign status on the self governing dominions • • • Main Entry: ↑statute … Useful english dictionary
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Statute of Westminster 1931 — The Statute of Westminster 1931 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (22 23 Geo. V c. 4, December 11, 1931) which established a status of legislative equality between the self governing dominions of the British Empire and the United… … Wikipedia
Statute of Westminster Adoption Act 1947 — The Statute of Westminster Adoption Act 1947 was a constitutional Act of the New Zealand Parliament that formally accepted the full external autonomy offered by the British Parliament. By passing the Act on November 25 1947, New Zealand ratified… … Wikipedia