Werner, Abraham Gottlob
- born Sept. 25, 1750, Wehrau, Saxonydied June 30, 1817, FreibergGerman geologist.In opposition to the Plutonists, or Vulcanists, who argued that granite and many other rocks were of igneous origin, he founded the Neptunist school, which proclaimed that all rocks resulted from precipitation from oceans that had, he theorized, once completely covered the Earth. He rejected uniformitarianism. His brilliant lecturing and personal charm won him many students, who, though many eventually discarded his theories, would not renounce them while Werner lived.
* * *▪ German geologistborn Sept. 25, 1750, Wehrau, Saxonydied June 30, 1817, FreibergGerman geologist who founded the Neptunist school, which proclaimed the aqueous origin of all rocks, in opposition to the Plutonists, or Vulcanists, who argued that granite and many other rocks were of igneous origin. Werner rejected uniformitarianism (belief that geological evolution has been a uniform and continuous process).A member of an old iron-mining family, Werner worked with his father for five years in the ironworks at Wehrau and Lorzendorf. In 1775 he was appointed inspector and teacher in the Freiburg School of Mining. During his 40-year tenure, the school grew from a local academy into a world-renowned centre of scientific learning. Werner was a brilliant lecturer and a man of great charm, and his genius attracted students who, inspired by him, became the foremost geologists of Europe.A distinguishing feature of Werner's teaching was the care with which he taught the study of rocks and minerals and the orderly succession of geological formations, a subject that he called geognosy. Influenced by the works of Johann Gottlob Lehmann and Georg Christian Füchsel, Werner demonstrated that the rocks of the Earth are deposited in a definite order. Although he had never travelled, he assumed that the sequence of the rocks he observed in Saxony was the same for the rest of the world. He believed that the Earth was once completely covered by the oceans and that, with time, all the minerals were precipitated out of the water into distinct layers, a theory known as Neptunism.Because this theory did not allow for a molten core, he proposed that volcanoes were recent phenomena caused by the spontaneous combustion of underground coal beds. He asserted that basalt and similar rocks were accumulations of the ancient ocean, whereas other geologists recognized them as igneous minerals. It was primarily disagreement on this point that formed one of the great geological controversies.Werner wrote only 26 scientific works, most of them short contributions to journals. His aversion to writing grew, and finally he adopted the practice of storing his mail unopened. Elected a foreign member of the Académie des Sciences in 1812, he learned of the honour much later, when he happened to read about it in a journal. In spite of his failure to produce extensive geological writings, Werner's theories were faithfully adopted and widely spread by his loyal students. Even though many of them eventually discarded his Neptunist theories, they would not publicly renounce them while Werner still lived.
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Werner, Abraham Gottlob — ► (1749 1817) Naturalista y geólogo alemán. Autor de la teoría neptuniana (neptunismo), que atribuye la formación de las rocas de la corteza terrestre a fenómenos marinos, químicos o mecánicos. * * * (25 sep. 1750, Wehrau, Sajonia–30 jun. 1817,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Werner , Abraham Gottlob — (1750–1817) German mineralogist and geologist Werner was born in the traditional mining town of Wehrau, which is now in Poland. Most of his ancestors had worked in some position or other in the industry and his father was inspector of the iron… … Scientists
Abraham Gottlob Werner — (* 25. September 1749 in Wehrau; † 30. Juni 1817 in Dresden) war ein deutscher Mineraloge und gilt als der Begründer der Geognosie. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Abraham Gottlob Werner — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Werner. Traduction terminée … Wikipédia en Français
Abraham Gottlob Werner — (1749 o 1750 1817) fue un científico alemán. Nació en Wehrau, una ciudad en la Silesia prusiana, en la actual Alemania. Werner se educó en Freiberg y en Leipzig, donde estudió leyes, minería y mineralogía y fue entonces nombrado inspector y… … Wikipedia Español
Abraham Gottlob Werner — (1749 o 1750 1817), nació en Wehrau, una ciudad en la Silesia prusiana, en la actual Alemania. Werner se educó en Freiberg y en Leipzig, donde estudió leyes, minería y minerología y fue entonces nombrado inspector y profesor de la pequeña pero… … Enciclopedia Universal
Abraham Gottlob Werner — Infobox Scientist name = Abraham Gottlob Werner box width = image size =150px caption = Abraham Gottlob Werner birth date = September 25, 1749 birth place = Wehrau death date = June 30, 1817 death place = Dresden residence = citizenship =… … Wikipedia
Abraham (Vorname) — Abraham ist ein männlicher Vorname, kommt aber auch als Familienname vor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstage 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Vorname … Deutsch Wikipedia
Werner — Werner, Abraham Gottlob Werner, Alfred Werner, Pierre Werner, Theodor Werner, Zacharias * * * (as used in expressions) Alexanderson, Ernst F(rederik) W(erner) Arber, Werner Bischof, Werner … Enciclopedia Universal
Abraham — V. «seno de Abraham». * * * Abraham. □ V. seno de Abraham. * * * Abraham (en hebreo, אַבְרָהָם, en árabe, ابراهيم, Ibrāhīm), es uno de los patriarcas del pueblo de Israel; según la Biblia, debió de nacer en Ur de los caldeos, en la desembocadura… … Enciclopedia Universal