born 1205died Sept. 32, 1253King of Bohemia (1230–53).He prevented Mongol armies from attacking Bohemia in 1241 but could not defend Moravia. He gained control of Austria and forced the Austrian estates to accept his son Přemysl Otakar II as their duke in 1251. Bohemia prospered under his reign, and an influx of German colonists and craftsmen enriched the country.
* * *▪ king of Bohemiaborn 1205died Sept. 23, 1253king of Bohemia from 1230 who brought Austria under his dynasty while using the influence of German colonists and craftsmen to keep Bohemia strong, prosperous, and culturally progressive.Succeeding his father, Přemysl Otakar I, in 1230, Wenceslas prevented Mongol armies from attacking Bohemia (1241) but could not defend Moravia, which was subsequently ravished by the Mongols before they moved into Hungary. The King's main foreign policy objective then became the acquisition of Austria. On the death of the last Babenberg duke of Austria, Frederick II (1246), Wenceslas secured the hand of the Duke's niece for his son Vladislas. But Vladislas soon died, and Wenceslas lost Austria. After suppressing a Bohemian revolt in 1248–49, however, he finally forced the Austrian estates to accept his son Přemysl Otakar II as their duke in 1251. Bohemia prospered under Wenceslas' reign. Towns grew and German merchants and colonists added considerably to the wealth of the country, while German influence at the court caused a rich flowering of the arts, especially literature and architecture.▪ prince of Bohemiaalso called Saint Wenceslas, Czech Svatý Václavborn c. 907, Stochov, near Praguedied Sept. 28, 929, Stará Boleslav, Bohemia; feast day September 28prince of Bohemia, martyr, and patron saint of Czechoslovakia.Wencelas was raised a Christian by his grandmother St. Ludmila, but his ambitious mother, Drahomíra (Dragomir), a pagan, had her murdered and acted as regent herself, until Wenceslas came of age in 924 or 925. Her court intrigues and the wishes of the people to end the conflicts between Christian and non-Christian factions in Bohemia led Wenceslas to take the reins of government. As duke he was pious, reportedly taking the vow of virginity, and encouraged the work of German missionary priests in the Christianization of Bohemia. His zeal in spreading Christianity, however, antagonized his non-Christian opponents.Faced with German invasions in 929, Wenceslas submitted to the German king Henry I the Fowler. His submission provoked some of the nobles to conspire against him, and they prompted his younger brother, Boleslav (Boleslav I) (Boleslaus), to murder him. Waylaid by Boleslav en route to mass, Wenceslas was killed at the church door. Frightened by the reports of miracles occurring at Wenceslas' tomb, Boleslav had his remains transferred in 932 to the Church of St. Vitus, Prague, which became a great pilgrimage site during the medieval period. Wenceslas was regarded as Bohemia's patron saint almost immediately after his assassination. His virtues are sung in the Christmas carol (19th century) “Good King Wenceslas.”Additional ReadingFr. Dvornik, The Life of Saint Wenceslas (1929).
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Wenceslas — m Latinized form of an East European Slavonic name, composed of the elements ventie more, greater + slav glory. St Wenceslas was a 10th century duke of Bohemia noted for his piety, the grandson of St Ludmilla. He is regarded as the patron of… … First names dictionary
Wenceslas — masc. proper name, from M.L. Venceslaus (modern Czech Vaclav), from O.Czech Veceslavu, lit. having greater glory, from Slavic *vetye greater + * slavu fame, glory, from PIE *klou , from root *kle to hear (see LISTEN (Cf. listen)) … Etymology dictionary
Wenceslas — born Feb. 26, 1361, Nürnberg died Aug. 16, 1419, Prague King of Bohemia (as Wenceslas IV, 1363–96) and German king and Holy Roman emperor (1378–1400). The son of the emperor Charles IV, he was a weak ruler whose reign was plagued by wars and… … Universalium
Wenceslas II — born Sept. 17, 1271 died June 21, 1305 King of Bohemia (1278–1305). He inherited the throne from his father at age seven, but his cousin Otto IV of Brandenburg served as his regent until 1283. Wenceslas gained full control of the country only… … Universalium
Wenceslas — (c. 907–29) Monarch, Saint and Martyr. Wenceslas was the son of Duke Wratislaw of Bohemia and he was a grandson of St Ludmila. He took over the government in c. 922, but was murdered by his brother in 929. His death was soon regarded as… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Wenceslas — German Wenzel biographical name 1361 1419 king of Germany & Holy Roman emperor (1378 1400) & (as Wenceslas IV) king of Bohemia (1378 1419) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Wenceslas — Venceslas Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Venceslas est un nom propre. Sommaire 1 Prénom ou patronyme 1.1 Variantes linguistiques … Wikipédia en Français
Wenceslas IV. — Wenzel von Luxemburg aus dem Geschlecht der Luxemburger, Beiname: der Faule (auch Wenzeslaus, tschechisch Václav; * 26. Februar 1361 in Nürnberg; † 16. August 1419 auf der Wenzelsburg, tschechisch Nový hrad u Kunratic, heute im Stadtgebiet von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wenceslas II — Venceslas II Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Venceslas II est le nom de plusieurs souverains de Bohême. Venceslas II de Bohême, duc de Bohême Venceslas II de Bohême, roi de Bohême et de… … Wikipédia en Français
Wenceslas IV — Venceslas Ier du Saint Empire Venceslas, roi des Romains. Fragment d un ex voto de l archevêque de Prague Jan Očko z Vlašimi Venceslas (en allemand : Wenzel, en tchèque : Václav) (26 février 1361 16 août 1419) dit l Ivrogne, fut… … Wikipédia en Français