Weizmann, Chaim (Azriel)

born Nov. 27, 1874, Motol, Pol., Russian Empire
died Nov. 9, 1952, Reḥovot, Israel

Russian-born Israeli chemist and first president of Israel (1949–52).

After studying in Germany and Switzerland, he earned a doctorate in chemistry and patented several dyestuffs before moving to England to teach in 1904. His 1912 discovery of a bacterium that could convert carbohydrate to acetone proved of great value to the British armaments industry in World War I (1914–18), and in return the government aided his negotiations for the Balfour Declaration (1917). In 1919 he obtained an agreement on Jewish-Arab coexistence in Palestine from Faysal I, and in 1920 he became president of the World Zionist Organization, a post from which he was ousted in 1931. He settled in Reḥovot, Palestine, in 1937. Despite conflicts with more extreme Zionists, he was sent to the U.S. to secure support for Israel in 1948, and in 1949 he was elected president.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Weizmann,Chaim Azriel — Weiz·mann (wītsʹmən, vītsʹmän), Chaim Azriel. 1874 1952. Polish born Israeli chemist and politician who was the first president of Israel (1948 1952). * * * …   Universalium

  • Weizmann, Chaim (Azriel) — (27 nov. 1874, Motol, Polonia, Imperio ruso–9 nov. 1952, Rehovot, Israel). Químico israelí de origen ruso, primer presidente de Israel (1949–52). Después de estudiar en Alemania y Suiza, obtuvo un doctorado en química y patentó varios colorantes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Weizmann, Chaim — ▪ Israeli president and scientist Introduction in full  Chaim Azriel Weizmann  born Nov. 27, 1874, Motol, Pol., Russian Empire [now in Belarus] died Nov. 9, 1952, Reḥovot, Israel  first president of the new nation of Israel (1949–52), who was for …   Universalium

  • Chaim Azriel Weizmann — noun Israeli statesman who persuaded the United States to recognize the new state of Israel and became its first president (1874 1952) • Syn: ↑Weizmann, ↑Chaim Weizmann • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chaim Weizmann — Chaim Azriel Weizmann חיים עזריאל ויצמן 1st President of Israel In office 17 February 1949 – 9 November 1952 Prime Minister David Ben Gurion …   Wikipedia

  • Chaim Weizmann — noun Israeli statesman who persuaded the United States to recognize the new state of Israel and became its first president (1874 1952) • Syn: ↑Weizmann, ↑Chaim Azriel Weizmann • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Weizmann — noun Israeli statesman who persuaded the United States to recognize the new state of Israel and became its first president (1874 1952) • Syn: ↑Chaim Weizmann, ↑Chaim Azriel Weizmann • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chaim — (as used in expressions) Chaim Jacob Lipchitz Potok Chaim Soutine Chaim Weizmann Chaim Azriel * * * …   Universalium

  • Chaim — (as used in expressions) Chaim Jacob Lipchitz Potok, Chaim Soutine, Chaim Weizmann, Chaim (Azriel) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chaim Weizmann — Chaim Azriel Weizmann חיים עזריאל ויצמן Chaim Weizmann en 1948 Mandats 1er président de l État d Israël …   Wikipédia en Français

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