Volturno River

River, southern central Italy.

It flows southeast from the Abruzzese Apennines, then turns west to empty into the Gulf of Gaeta. It is 109 mi (175 km) long and has a dam for flood control and irrigation. During the wars for Italian unity, the Italian nationalist leader Giuseppe de Garibaldi defeated a Neapolitan army there in 1860. During World War II, German forces in southern Italy used it as their line of defense after the fall of Naples; after severe fighting, the Allies crossed the river in October 1943.

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Italian  Fiume Volturno,  Latin  Volturnus,  

      river, south-central Italy. It rises in the Abruzzese Apennines near Alfedena and flows southeast as far as its junction with the Calore River near Caiazzo. It then turns southwest, past Capua, to enter the Tyrrhenian Sea at Castel Volturno, northwest of Naples. The river is 109 miles (175 km) long and has a drainage basin of 2,100 square miles (5,450 square km). In the 1950s a dam was built a short distance upstream from Capua, regulating the Volturno's discharge and creating a reliable supply of irrigation water.

      Since the Volturno flows at right angles to the main roads connecting Rome and Naples, it has had considerable military importance. During the wars for Italian unity, the Italian nationalist leader Giuseppe Garibaldi defeated a Neapolitan army there in 1860. During World War II, German forces in southern Italy used the Volturno as their line of defense after the fall of Naples, until the U.S. 5th Army crossed the river on Oct. 13, 1943. The upper Volturno River valley fell into Allied hands with the capture of Isernia by the British on Nov. 8, 1943.

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Universalium. 2010.

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