Vienna, Siege of

(July 17–Sept. 12, 1683) Attempted capture of Vienna by Ottoman Turkey.

On appeal from the Hungarian Calvinists to attack the Habsburg capital, the Turkish grand vizier, Kara Mustafa (1634–83), and his army of 150,000 laid siege to Vienna in July 1683, after capturing its outer fortifications. Pope Innocent XI convinced John III Sobieski of Poland to lead a combined army of 80,000 to relieve the siege. On Sept. 12, 1683, Sobieski, aided by Charles of Lorraine, led the attack from the surrounding hills and after 15 hours drove the Turks from their trenches around the city. Thousands were slaughtered or taken prisoner. The event marked the beginning of the decline of Turkish domination in eastern Europe.

* * *

Europe [1683]
      (July 17–Sept. 12, 1683), expedition by the Turks against the Habsburg Holy Roman (Holy Roman Empire) emperor Leopold I that resulted in their defeat by a combined force led by John III Sobieski of Poland. The siege marked the beginning of the end of Turkish domination (Ottoman Empire) in eastern Europe.

      The leader of the Hungarian Calvinists, Imre Thököly (Thököly, Imre), appealed to the Turkish grand vizier, Kara Mustafa (Kara Mustafa Paşa, Merzifonlu), to attack the Habsburg capital. With the tacit support of the Hungarian army, 150,000 Turks laid siege to Vienna, succeeded in capturing the outer fortifications, and began to tunnel to the inner walls. The emperor fled the city. Pope Innocent XI (Innocent XI Blessed) tried unsuccessfully to induce Louis XIV of France to aid Leopold against the Turks and then appealed to Poland with a large subsidy. Although Sobieski and the emperor had made a pact of alliance earlier that year, Sobieski was reluctant to come until Innocent persuaded Charles of Lorraine (Charles IV (or V) Leopold) to join a combined army with the electors of Saxony and Bavaria as well as 30 German princes. The 80,000 troops of this relieving army formed along the top of the Vienna hills, and, on the morning of September 12, Lorraine's and Sobieski's forces attacked the Turks. By this point, the Turks had made serious inroads into the city's defenses and are generally believed to have come closer to taking Vienna than they were in 1529. The battle raged for 15 hours before the Turkish invaders were driven from their trenches. The red tent of the grand vizier was blown up, but he escaped while thousands of members of his routed army were slaughtered or taken prisoner. Reports stated that it took the armies and the Viennese a week to collect the booty that was left behind in the Turkish camp.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vienna — /vee en euh/, n. 1. German, Wien. a port in and the capital of Austria, in the NE part, on the Danube. 1,515,666. 2. a city in NE Virginia. 15,469. 3. a town in W West Virginia. 11,618. * * * I German Wien City (pop., 2001: 1,550,123; metro. area …   Universalium

  • siege — siegeable, adj. /seej/, n., v., sieged, sieging. n. 1. the act or process of surrounding and attacking a fortified place in such a way as to isolate it from help and supplies, for the purpose of lessening the resistance of the defenders and… …   Universalium

  • Vienna — • The capital of Austria Hungary, the residence of the emperor, and the seat of a Latin archbishopric Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Vienna     Vienna      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Vienna FC — Vienna Voller Name First Vienna FC 1894 Gegründet 22. August 1894 Frauenmannschaft 1990–1997 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vienna FC 1894 — Vienna Voller Name First Vienna FC 1894 Gegründet 22. August 1894 Frauenmannschaft 1990–1997 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vienna Wien — Vienna Voller Name First Vienna FC 1894 Gegründet 22. August 1894 Frauenmannschaft 1990–1997 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vienna Capitals — Größte Erfolge Österreichischer Meister 2005 Vereinsinfos Geschichte gegründet 2000 Standort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vienna —    Vienna (Wien) was the German theater s leading city for most of the 19th century, due in large measure to the superb acting ensemble at the Königliches und Kaiserliches (Royal and Imperial) Burg theater. The Burg dominated the city s… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Vienna International Centre — Localisation Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siege of Leningrad — Part of the Eastern Front of World War II Diorama of the Siege of Le …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.