born Sept. 2, 1840, Catania, Sicilydied Jan. 27, 1922, CataniaBorn to a family of landowners, Verga left Sicily for the mainland, where he remained until 1893. There he developed a writing style noted for its terse accuracy and intensity of feeling. His best works include the short stories of Little Novels of Sicily (1883), the novels The House by the Medlar Tree (1881) and Mastro-Don Gesualdo (1889), and the play Cavalleria rusticana (1884; "Rustic Chivalry"), which became immensely popular when it was adapted as an opera by Pietro Mascagni. His influence on the post-World War II generation of Italian Neorealist writers was particularly marked (see Neorealism).
* * *▪ Italian authorborn Sept. 2, 1840, Catania, Sicilydied Jan. 27, 1922, Catanianovelist, short-story writer, and playwright, most important of the Italian verismo (Realist) school of novelists (see verismo). His reputation was slow to develop, but modern critics have assessed him as one of the greatest of all Italian novelists. His influence was particularly marked on the post-World War II generation of Italian authors; a landmark film of the Neorealist cinema movement, Luchino Visconti's Terra trema (1948; The Earth Trembles), was based on Verga's novel I malavoglia.Born to a family of Sicilian landowners, Verga went to Florence in 1869 and later lived in Milan, where the ideas of other writers much influenced his work. In 1893 he returned to Catania.Starting with historical and patriotic novels, Verga went on to write novels in which psychological observation was combined with romantic elements, as in Eva (1873), Tigre reale (1873; “Royal Tigress”), and Eros (1875). These sentimental works were later referred to by Verga as novels “of elegance and adultery.” Eventually he developed the powers that made him prominent among the European novelists of the late 19th century, and within a few years he produced his masterpieces: the short stories of Vita dei campi (1880; “Life in the Fields”) and Novelle rusticane (1883; Little Novels of Sicily), the great novels I malavoglia (1881) and Mastro-don Gesualdo (1889), and Cavalleria rusticana (1884), a play rewritten from a short story, which became immensely popular as an opera (1890) by Pietro Mascagni.Verga wrote with terse accuracy and an intensity of human feeling that constitute a distinctively lyrical Realism. His realistic representations of the life of the poor peasants and fishermen of Sicily are particularly notable, and indeed, his strong feeling for locale helped start a movement of regionalist writing in Italy. His stories most commonly treated man's struggle for material betterment, which Verga saw as foredoomed. D.H. Lawrence translated several of his works into English, including Cavalleria rusticana and Mastro-don Gesualdo. Another notable English translation is The House by the Medlar Tree (1953), Eric Mosbacher's version of I malavoglia.
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Verga, Giovanni — (1840–1922) The greatest exponent of verismo (naturalism) in Italian literature, Giovanni Verga’s exceptional powers of realistic description have led to comparisons with such writers as Emile Zola and D. H. Lawrence. Verga was born in Catania … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Verga, Giovanni — ► (1840 1922) Novelista y autor dramático italiano. Describe la vida del pueblo siciliano. Autor de Caballería rusticana. * * * (2 sep. 1840, Catania, Sicilia–27 ene. 1922, Catania, Italia). Escritor italiano, el más importante novelista en la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Verga, Giovanni — (Catania 1840 1922) scrittore, maestro del verismo collab./opere: “La Lettura”, “La Nuova Antologia” … Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano
Giovanni Verga — Giovanni Carmelo Verga (Catania, 2 de septiembre 1840 – Catania, 27 de enero 1922) fue un escritor italiano, considerado el mayor exponente de la corriente literaria verista. Giovanni Carmelo Verga … Wikipedia Español
Verga — Giovanni Verga Giovanni Verga (* 2. September 1840 in Catania (Sizilien); † 27. Januar 1922 ebenda) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller und einer der Hauptvertreter des Verismus, des italienischen Naturalismus … Deutsch Wikipedia
Giovanni Verga — (* 2. September 1840 in Catania (Sizilien); † 27. Januar 1922 ebenda) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller und einer der Hauptvertreter des Verismus, des italienischen Naturalismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Verga — (izg. vȇrga), Giovanni (1840 1922) DEFINICIJA talijanski književnik verizma; uvodi motive seljačkog života, patrijarhata, elementarnih emocija, osjećaja časti i tradicije iz kojih gradi sadržaje djela; prikazao cijelu galeriju narodskih likova sa … Hrvatski jezični portal
Verga — Verga, Giovanni, ital. Dichter, geb. 1840 zu Catania in Sizilien, machte sich zuerst durch einige Romane bekannt, die von scharfer Beobachtung zeugten und durch künstlerisch besonnene Ausführung befriedigten, zum Teil aber auch an die Vorbilder… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Verga — Verga, Giovanni ital. Dichter, geb. 1840 in Catania (Sizilien), Hauptvertreter des Verismus in Italien; schrieb die Romane und Novellen »Eros« (deutsch 1898), »Tigre reale« (deutsch 1897), »Malavoglia«, »Novelle rusticana« (deutsch 1895),… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Verga — (Giovanni) (1840 1922) romancier italien; le princ. représentant du vérisme: les Malavoglia (1881), Maître Don Gesualdo (1889) … Encyclopédie Universelle