Velázquez, Diego (Rodríguez de Silva)

(baptized June 6, 1599, Sevilla, Spain
died Aug. 6, 1660, Madrid) Spanish painter.

He was apprenticed to Francisco Herrera the Elder before being trained by Francisco Pacheco. His early works were mostly religious or genre scenes. After arriving in Madrid in 1623, he painted a portrait of Philip IV that won him immediate success and an appointment as court painter. His position gave him access to the royal collections, including works by Titian, who exerted the greatest influence on his style. In his portraits from this period, only the faces and hands of the figures are accentuated, and the dark figures stand out against a light background. A visit to Italy (1629–31) further developed his style, and on his return to Madrid he entered his most productive period. Velázquez created a new type of informal royal portrait for Philip's hunting lodge, and his portraits of court dwarfs display the same discerning eye as those of his royal subjects. On a second visit to Rome (1649–51) he painted a portrait of Pope Innocent X. The powerful head, brilliant combinations of crimson of the curtain, chair, and cope are painted with fluent technique and almost imperceptible brushstrokes that go far beyond the late manner of Titian and announce the last stage in Velázquez's development. This portrait was copied innumerable times and won him immediate and lasting renown in Italy. In his last years he created his masterpiece, Las Meninas (The Maids of Honour, 1656). In this casual scene, the artist is shown painting the king and queen in the presence of the infanta Margarita and her attendants; the nearly life-size figures are painted in more or less detail according to their relation to the central figure of the infanta and to the source of light, creating a remarkable illusion of reality never surpassed by Velázquez or any other artist of his age. He is universally acknowledged as one of the giants of Western art.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Velazquez, Diego Rodriguez de Silva y — • Artist s biography by Louis Gillet Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Velázquez, Diego (Rodríguez de Silva) — (bautizado el 6 de junio, 1599, Sevilla, España–6 ago. 1660, Madrid). Pintor español. Fue aprendiz de Francisco Herrera el Viejo antes de formarse con Francisco Pacheco. Sus obras iniciales fueron en su mayoría religiosas o escenas de género.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y — ► (1599 1660) Pintor español. La trayectoria de Velázquez, después de las obras de aprendizaje (esp. bodegones), siguió la línea de La adoración de los reyes (1621?), Los borrachos (1628), La fragua de Vulcano (1632?), La rendición de Breda (1632 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velazquez —     Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velazquez     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velazquez     Spanish painter, b. at Seville 5 June, 1599 (the certificate of baptism is dated 6 June); d. at Madrid, 7 August, 1660. His father,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Diego Rodriguez Da Silva Velasquez — Diego Vélasquez Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vélasquez (homonymie). Diego Vélasquez …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velázquez — Diego Vélasquez Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vélasquez (homonymie). Diego Vélasquez …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez — Diego Rodríguez De Silva y Velázquez, es uno de los mayores exponentes de la pintura española, ya no solo en su período barroco, sino a lo largo de toda su historia. De hecho, Velázquez está actualmente considerado como uno de los mayores… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez — Selbstporträt, zugeschrieben (?), um 1630; Museo Capitolini, Rom …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velazquez — noun Spanish painter (1599 1660) • Syn: ↑Velazquez • Instance Hypernyms: ↑old master …   Useful english dictionary

  • Velàzquez (or Velàsquez), Diego Rodríguez de Silva y —  (1599–1660) Spanish painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.