Varro, Marcus Terentius
born 116, probably Reate [Italy]died 27 BCRoman scholar and satirist.Varro was active in public life, rising to the office of praetor. He sided with Pompey the Great but later reconciled with Julius Caesar. A prolific writer, he sought in his writings to inculcate moral virtues and to link Rome's future with its glorious past. He is best known for his Saturae Menippeae ("Menippean Satires"), medleys in mixed prose and verse that mock the absurdities of modern times. He wrote some 75 works in more than 600 books on a wide range of subjectsjurisprudence, astronomy, geography, education, and literary historyas well as in a variety of genressatires, poems, orations, and letters.
* * *▪ Roman authorborn 116 BC, probably Reate, Italydied 27 BCRome's greatest scholar and a satirist of stature, best known for his Saturae Menippeae (“Menippean Satires”). He was a man of immense learning and a prolific author. Inspired by a deep patriotism, he intended his work, by its moral and educational quality, to further Roman greatness. Seeking to link Rome's future with its glorious past, his works exerted great influence before and after the founding of the Roman Empire (27 BC).Varro studied with a prominent Latin scholar and with the philosopher Antiochus of Ascalon at Athens. Though not attracted to a political career, he played some part in the public life of the Roman Republic and rose to the office of praetor. He served with Pompey the Great in Spain (76), became his pro-quaestor there, and also served under him in the war against the pirates (67).In 59 Varro wrote a political pamphlet entitled Trikaranos (“The Three-Headed”) on the coalition of Pompey, Julius Caesar, and Crassus. He sided with Pompey in Spain (49) but was pardoned (47) and appointed librarian by Caesar, to whom he dedicated the second part of his Antiquitates rerum humanarum et divinarum (“Antiquities of Human and Divine Things”). Under the second triumvirate Varro was outlawed by Mark Antony, and his books were burned, but his property was later restored by Augustus. He spent the rest of his life in study and writing.Varro wrote about 74 works in more than 600 books on a wide range of subjects: jurisprudence, astronomy, geography, education, and literary history, as well as satires, poems, orations, and letters. The only complete work to survive is the Res rustica (“Farm Topics”), a three-section work of practical instruction in general agriculture and animal husbandry, written to foster a love of rural life.Dedicated to Cicero, Varro's De lingua Latina (“On the Latin Language”) is of interest not only as a linguistic work but also as a source of valuable incidental information on a variety of subjects. Of the original 25 books there remain, apart from brief fragments, only books v to x, and even these contain considerable gaps.Of Varro's 150 books of the Saturae Menippeae, some 90 titles and nearly 600 fragments remain. The satires are humorous medleys in mixed prose and verse in the manner of the 3rd-century-BC cynic philosopher Menippus of Gadara. The subjects range from eating and drinking to literature and philosophy. In these satires, Varro shows himself a man of the old stamp, making fun of the follies and absurdities of modern times. He preaches a simple life of old-fashioned Roman virtue and piety, opposes luxury and philosophic dogmatism, and shows considerable skill in handling several meters and poetic manners.The Res rustica appears in an edition with an English translation by W.D. Hooper and H.B. Ash in The Loeb Classical Library series (1934), which also offers De lingua Latina and an English translation in 2 volumes by R.G. Kent (1938).
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VARRO, MARCUS TERENTIUS° — (116–27 B.C.E.), Roman scholar. Varro mentions the date palms of Judea (De re rustica 2:1, 27). Augustine reports that Varro identified the Jewish God with Jupiter (De consensu Evangelistarum 1:30, 31, 42). Elsewhere he notes that Varro, in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Varro,Marcus Terentius — Var·ro (vărʹō), Marcus Terentius. 116 27B.C. Roman scholar and encyclopedist who reputedly produced more than 600 volumes, covering nearly every field of knowledge. * * * … Universalium
VARRO, MARCUS TERENTIUS — the most learned of the Romans, wrote a number of works both in prose and verse, of which only fragments remain, but enough to prove the greatness of the loss; was the friend of Pompey, then Cæsar, then Cicero, but survived the strife of the… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Marcus Terentius Varro — For others with a similar name, see Varro (disambiguation). Modern depiction of Varro in Rieti, Italy Marcus Terentius Varro (116 BC – 27 BC) was an ancient Roman scholar and writer. He is sometimes called Varro Reatinus to distinguish him from… … Wikipedia
Marcus Terentius Varro — Varron (écrivain) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Varron. Varron (Marcus Terentius Varro), écrivain et savant romain de rang équestre, né à Reate (auj. Rieti) en 116 et mort en 27 av. J. C. Sommaire 1 Biographie … Wikipédia en Français
Marcus Terentius Varro — (links), Mittelalterliche Illustration Marcus Terentius Varro (* 116 v. Chr. in Reate im Sabinerland, heute Rieti; † 27 v. Chr.) war der bedeutendste römische Polyhistor. Er wird oft nach seiner Herkunft als Reatinus bezeichnet zur Unterscheidung … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marcus Terentius Varro Lucullus — Legate of the Roman Republic In office 83 BC – 83 BC Curule Aedile of the Roman Republic In office 79 BC – 79 BC … Wikipedia
Marcus Terentius Varro Lukullus — Marcus Terentius Varro Lucullus (* 116 v. Chr.; † 56 v. Chr.) war ein römischer Politiker und Feldherr der späten Republik. Varro Lucullus war der jüngere Bruder des bekannteren Lucius Licinius Lucullus. Er wurde als Marcus Licinius Lucullus… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marcus Terentius Varro Lucullus — (* um 116 v. Chr.; † kurz nach 56 v. Chr.), jüngerer Bruder des Lucius Licinius Lucullus, war ein Anhänger Sullas und 73 v. Chr. Konsul der Römischen Republik. Als Prokonsul von Macedonia besiegte er die Bessi in Thrakien und erreichte mit seinen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marcus Terentius Varro Lucullus — (né en 116, mort vers 56), frère cadet du célèbre Lucius Licinius Lucullus, était un partisan de Sylla et fut consul de la République romaine en 73. Comme proconsul de Macédoine en 72, il battit la tribu thrace des Bessi et avança jusqu’au Danube … Wikipédia en Français