Vancouver, George

born June 22, 1757, King's Lynn, Norfolk, Eng.
died May 10, 1798, Richmond, Surrey

English navigator.

He entered the Royal Navy at age 13 and sailed with James Cook on his second and third voyages (1772–75, 1776–79) to the Pacific. In 1791 he commanded an expedition that explored the coasts of Australia, New Zealand, Tahiti, and Hawaii before reaching the Pacific coast of North America in 1792; over the next two years he meticulously mapped a major portion of the coast. His maps and a lengthy account of his voyages were published in 1798.

* * *

▪ British explorer
born , June 22, 1757, King's Lynn, Norfolk, Eng.
died May 10, 1798, Richmond, Surrey
 English navigator who, with great precision, completed one of the most difficult surveys ever undertaken, that of the Pacific coast of North America, from the vicinity of San Francisco northward to present-day British Columbia. At that time he verified that no continuous channel exists between the Pacific Ocean and Hudson Bay, in northeast Canada.

      Vancouver entered the Royal Navy at age 13 and accompanied Captain James Cook on his second and third voyages (1772–75 and 1776–80). After nine years' service in the West Indies, he took command of the expedition to the northwest coast of North America for which he is noted. Departing from England on April 1, 1791, he went by way of the Cape of Good Hope to Australia, where he surveyed part of the southwest coast. After stops at Tahiti and the Hawaiian Islands, Vancouver sighted the west coast of North America at 39°27′ N on April 17, 1792. He examined the coast with minute care, surveying the intricate inlets and channels in the region of Vancouver Island and naming, among others, Puget Sound and the Gulf of Georgia. By August he was negotiating with the Spaniards to take control of their former coastal station at Nootka Sound, off Vancouver Island. Continuing his coastal exploration in April 1793, he surveyed north to 56°44′ N and south to below San Luis Obispo, Calif. In 1794 he sailed to Cook's Inlet, off southern Alaska, and, after a fresh survey of much of the coast north of San Francisco, sailed homeward via Cape Horn, reaching England on Oct. 20, 1794. His Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean and Round the World . . . 1790–95, three volumes with an atlas of maps and plates, was published after his death in 1798.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vancouver, George — (spr. wän kūwer), engl. Seefahrer. geb. um 1758, gest. im Mai 1798, trat 1771 in die britische Marine, begleitete Cook auf seinen Reisen 1772–75 und 1776–80 und erhielt 1790 den Auftrag, mit zwei Schiffen, Chatham und Discovery, nach der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vancouver,George — Vancouver, George. 1757 1798. British navigator who led an expedition to the coasts of Australia, New Zealand, and the Hawaiian Islands (1791 1792) and to the Pacific coast of North America (1792 1794), where he circumnavigated Vancouver Island.… …   Universalium

  • Vancouver, George — ► (1757 98) Navegante británico. Acompañó a Cook en su segundo y tercer viajes alrededor del mundo. En 1790 recibió la orden de marchar a la costa noroccidental de América. En ruta alrededor del cabo de Buena Esperanza y las islas Sandwich llegó… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vancouver, George — (1758 1798)    Entered British navy, 1771; sailed in the Resolution with Captain Cook on his second voyage, 1772 1775, and in the Discovery on his third voyage, 1776 1780. Lieutenant on the Martin, 1780; and served in the West Indies with Rodney …   The makers of Canada

  • George Vancouver — Retrato de George Vancouver (artista desconocido) …   Wikipedia Español

  • George Vancouver — (* 22. Juni 1757 in King’s Lynn, Norfolk; † 10. Mai 1798 in Petersham bei Richmond upon Thames, Surrey) war ein Offizier der britischen Royal Navy und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Vancouver — Naissance 22 juin 1757 à King s Lynn, comté de Norfolk Décès 10 mai 1798 (à 48 ans) à Petersham, Surrey …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vancouver-Insel — Vancouver Island Vancouver Island, früher auch Quadra, ist eine nach dem Seefahrer George Vancouver benannte Insel an der Westküste Kanadas. Sie gehört zur Provinz British Columbia. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geographie und Klima …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vancouver (Insel) — Vancouver Island Vancouver Island, früher auch Quadra, ist eine nach dem Seefahrer George Vancouver benannte Insel an der Westküste Kanadas. Sie gehört zur Provinz British Columbia. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geographie und Klima …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George — George, David Lloyd George, Henry George, Pierre George, Stefan * * * (as used in expressions) Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, 4 conde de George William Russell Akerlof, George A. Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.