- Urdu language
Indo-Aryan language used by Muslims in India and Pakistan.In the sociopolitical realm, Urdu and Hindi are different languages, but the colloquial basis of both is identical, and as a written language Urdu differs from Hindi principally in its greater acceptance of Persian-Arabic vocabulary and in some syntactic features. It is written in the Arabic alphabet with modification of some letters to denote specifically Indo-Aryan sounds. As Pakistan's official language, Urdu has been promoted as a token of national unity, though less than 8% of Pakistanismainly immigrants and descendants of immigrants from India after the 1947 partitionspeak it as a first language.
* * *Indo-Aryan language originating in the region between the Ganges and Jamuna rivers near Delhi, now the official language of Pakistan. Numbering some 48,980,000 speakers in the late 20th century, Urdu is the primary language of the Muslims of both Pakistan and northern India.As a spoken language, Urdu originally derived from Hindustani, the lingua franca of northern India before the partition of 1947. Although Urdu and Hindi (Hindi language) arose from the same or very similar colloquial bases, their literary forms are almost mutually unintelligible because of the strong influences of Sanskrit on Hindi and of Persian and Arabic on Urdu. Grammar in the two languages is still nearly the same, however, except in instances in which literary Urdu adopts Persian or Arabic constructions. Nouns and pronouns show only two cases, nominative and oblique; the place of inflectional (inflection) endings is taken by postpositions (similar to English prepositions, but following the object) attached to the oblique case. Urdu is written in a modified form of the Persian Arabic alphabet.
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Urdu Language in Bihar — Urdu is one of the important languages of Bihar. It became the second official language in the undivided State of Bihar since 16 August 1989 for the following purposes:* Acceptance of representations and replies thereto. * Acceptance of documents … Wikipedia
National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language — قومی کونسل براۓ فروغ ارد و زبان Type Autonomous Regulatory Body Founded April 1, 1996 Headquarters Delhi, India Area served Standardisation and promotion o … Wikipedia
Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing — Founder(s) National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences Type Research and Development Founded March, 2001 … Wikipedia
List of Urdu language writers — This is a list of Urdu language writers:compactTOC2 NOTOC A* A Hameed * Abbas Rizvi * Abdul Halim Sharar * Abdul Majeed Saalik * Abul Ala Maududi * Abul Khair Kashfi * Abul Lais Siddiqui * Aga Hashr Kashmiri * Agha Sadiq * Ahmad Nisar * Ahmed… … Wikipedia
List of Urdu Language television channels — This is the list of Urdu language television channels in Pakistan, India, and the rest of the world.Pakistan*Aag TV *AAJ TV *ARY Digital *ARY One World *ARY Zouq *ATV (Pakistan) *Business Plus *CNBC Pakistan * [http://www.channel 5.tv Channel 5]… … Wikipedia
List of Urdu-language films — A list of Urdu language films in year order. The films are mostly from Pakistan. For a full list of Pakistani films which includes Punjabi language, and Bengali language films in addition to Urdu see List of Pakistani films.1948 19491970s2000s… … Wikipedia
List of Urdu language poets — Listed below are major Urdu poets, sorted by date of birth. As far as possible in the list below, the takhallus , or nom de plume , is mentioned in italics after the name.Chronologically1200*Amir Khusro (1253 1325)1500*Quli Qutub Shah… … Wikipedia
History of the Urdu language — The history of Urdu (اردو) is a fascinating story involving history, linguistics, ethnicity, religion, and national identity. Urdu and other Indo Aryan languages While much of Urdu s nouns and adverbs draws on Arabic and Persian, its grammar,… … Wikipedia
Urdu literature — has a long and colorful history that is inextricably tied to the development of that very language, Urdu, in which it is written. While it tends to be heavily dominated by poetry, the range of expression achieved in the voluminous library of a… … Wikipedia
Urdu Informatics — (Urdu: اردو اطلاعیات) relates to the cutting edge research and efforts in bringing the utilities and usage of Urdu language to the modern information and communication technologies in education and businesses.National Language Authority has been… … Wikipedia