United Fruit Co.

U.S.-based produce company that became Chiquita Brands International, Inc. in 1990.

It was founded in 1899 in the merger of the Boston Fruit Co. and other companies that sold bananas grown in Central America, Colombia, and the Caribbean. Minor C. Keith, its principal founder, gained extensive land rights in Costa Rica in return for constructing railroads. United Fruit became the largest employer in Central America, developing vast tracts of jungle lands and building one of the largest private merchant navies in the world. Attacked in the Latin American press as el pulpo ("the octopus"), the company was widely accused of exploiting workers and influencing governments during the era of "dollar diplomacy" in the early to mid-20th century. It later transferred portions of its landholdings to individual growers. In 1970 United Fruit merged with AMK Corp. to form United Brands Co., which took the Chiquita name in 1990.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United Fruit — Company United Fruit Company (UFCO) était une entreprise bananière dont le siège était aux États Unis d Amérique. Fondée en 1899, elle devint Chiquita Brands International en 1990. Elle est à l origine de l expression république bananière, de par …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United Fruit Co — United Fruit Company United Fruit Company (UFCO) était une entreprise bananière dont le siège était aux États Unis d Amérique. Fondée en 1899, elle devint Chiquita Brands International en 1990. Elle est à l origine de l expression république… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United Fruit Co. — Empresa de productos agrícolas con sede en EE.UU. En 1990 adoptó la razón social Chiquita Brands International, Inc. Se constituyó en 1899 como resultado de la fusión de Boston Fruit Co. y otras empresas que vendían plátanos cultivados en América …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • United Fruit Company — Год основания 1899 Упразднена 1970 Причина упразднения Слияние с компанией AMK Преемник United Brands Company, затем …   Википедия

  • United Fruit Company — The United Fruit Company was a major United States corporation that traded tropical fruit (primarily bananas and pineapples) grown in Third World plantations and sold in the United States and Europe. The company was formed in 1899 from the merger …   Wikipedia

  • United Fruit Company — Pour l entreprise après 1989, voir Chiquita Brands International. United Fruit Company était une entreprise bananière dont le siège était aux États Unis. Fondée en 1899, elle prend le nom de Chiquita Brands International en 1989. Elle est à l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United Fruit Company — Fachada de la entrada del viejo edificio United Fruit en la avenida St. Charles, Nueva Orleans, Luisiana, EEUU. La United Fruit Company (UFC) (1899–1970) era una multinacional estadounidense que producía y comercializaba frutas tropicales… …   Wikipedia Español

  • United Fruit Company — Chiquita Brands LLC Unternehmensform Limited Liability Company Gründung 30. März 1899 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United Fruit Company — La United Fruit Company (1899 1970) se destacó en el comercio de frutas tropicales (especialmente plátanos y piñas) entre las plantaciones del Tercer mundo y los Estados Unidos y Europa. Sus intereses comerciales abarcaban grandes extensiones de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • United Fruit Company —       major division of United Brands Company (Chiquita Brands International, Inc.) (q.v.). * * * …   Universalium

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