Tutuola, Amos

born 1920, Abeokuta, Nigeria
died June 8, 1997, Ibadan

Nigerian writer.

He had only six years of formal schooling and wrote in English and outside the mainstream of Nigerian literature. His stories incorporated Yoruba myths and legends into loosely constructed prose epics that improvised on traditional themes. His best-known work is The Palm-Wine Drinkard (1952), a classic quest tale that was the first Nigerian book to achieve international fame. His later works include the tale The Witch-Herbalist of the Remote Town (1981), Yoruba Folktales (1986), and Village Witch Doctor (1990).

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▪ 1998

      Nigerian author (b. 1920, Abeokuta, Nigeria—d. June 8, 1997, Ibadan, Nigeria), was celebrated for his first novel, The Palm-Wine Drinkard and His Dead Palm-Wine Tapster in the Dead's Town (1952), the first Nigerian book to achieve international fame. The story is a classic quest tale in which the hero, a lazy boy who likes to spend his days drinking palm wine, gains wisdom, confronts death, and overcomes many perils in the course of his journey. Tutuola, who had only six years of schooling, was inspired by the earlier Yoruba tales of D.O. Fagunwa. Tutuola utilized both Yoruba themes and storytelling methods in The Palm-Wine Drinkard, but scholars also noted thematic links to such works as The Thousand and One Nights and John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress. His charming and unconventional language, vivid presentation of Yoruba mythology and religion, and grasp of literary form made him a great success with African, British, and American audiences. From 1939 Tutuola worked as a blacksmith and at other jobs until his first novel was published. He followed it with two more quest novels, My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (1954), the experiences of a boy who, in trying to escape from slave traders, finds himself in strange company, and Simbi and the Satyr of the Dark Jungle (1955), the tale of a rich and beautiful girl who leaves home and experiences poverty and starvation. In these and books that followed—The Brave African Huntress (1958), Feather Woman of the Jungle (1962), Ajaiyi and His Inherited Poverty (1967), and The Witch-Herbalist of the Remote Town (1981)—Tutuola's rich vision imposed unity on relatively random events. His better-known later works include Yoruba Folktales (1986), Pauper, Brawler, and Slanderer (1987), and The Village Witch Doctor and Other Stories (1990).

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▪ Nigerian author
born 1920, Abeokuta, Nigeria
died June 8, 1997, Ibadan, Nigeria

      Nigerian author of richly inventive fantasies. He is best known for the novel The Palm-Wine Drinkard and His Dead Palm-Wine Tapster in the Deads' Town (1952), which was the first Nigerian book to achieve international fame.

      Tutuola had only six years of formal schooling and wrote completely outside the mainstream of Nigerian literature. From 1939 he worked as a blacksmith and at other jobs until his first novel was published. He was influenced by D.O. Fagunwa, (Fagunwa, D.O.) a Nigerian author who wrote similar folk fantasies earlier in Yoruba. Tutuola was also familiar with The Thousand and One Nights, Pilgrim's Progress, and other episodic stories that had been used as textbooks at the Salvation Army primary school that he attended. Tutuola wrote his works in English.

      In The Palm-Wine Drunkard and his subsequent novels, Tutuola incorporated Yoruba myths and legends into loosely constructed prose epics that improvise on traditional themes found in Yoruba folktales. The Palm-Wine Drinkard is a classic quest tale in which the hero, a lazy boy who likes to spend his days drinking palm wine, gains wisdom, confronts death, and overcomes many perils in the course of his journey. The book has been translated into 11 languages.

      Tutuola followed up his first book with My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (1954), which reiterates the quest motif through the experiences of a boy who, in trying to escape from slave traders, finds himself in the Bush of Ghosts. Another quest is found in Simbi and the Satyr of the Dark Jungle (1955), a more compact tale focusing upon a beautiful and rich young girl who leaves her home and experiences poverty and starvation. In this and the books that followed—The Brave African Huntress (1958), The Feather Woman of the Jungle (1962), Ajaiyi and His Inherited Poverty (1967), and The Witch-Herbalist of the Remote Town (1981)—Tutuola's rich vision imposes unity upon a series of relatively random events. His later works include Yoruba Folktales (1986), Pauper, Brawler, and Slanderer (1987), and The Village Witch Doctor and Other Stories (1990).

      Tutuola's vivid presentation of the world of Yoruba mythology and religion and his grasp of literary form made him a success among a wide British, African, and American audience. The theatrical and operatic versions of The Palm-Wine Drinkard made by others have also proven popular.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tutuola, Amos — (1920, Abeokuta, Nigeria–8 jun. 1997, Ibadán). Escritor nigeriano. Cursó apenas seis años de escolaridad formal y escribió en inglés. Nunca se insertó en la corriente dominante de la literatura nigeriana. Sus relatos incorporan mitos y leyendas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tutuola — Amos Tutuola (* 20. Juni 1920 in Abeokuta; † 8. Juni 1997 in Ibadan) war ein nigerianischer Schriftsteller. Leben Amos Tutuola arbeitete nach einer kurzen Schulzeit als Kupferschmied und während des Zweiten Weltkriegs als Mechaniker der Royal Air …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amos — amos, as (del lat. «ambos»; ant.) adj. y pron. pl. *Ambos. * * * amos, mas. (Del lat. ambos). adj. pl. desus. ambos. * * * (as used in expressions) Alcott, (Amos) Bronson …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tutuola — (Amos) (né en 1920) écrivain nigérian, auteur de nombr. romans dont le plus célèbre, inspiré et baroque, est l Ivrogne dans la brousse (1952) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Amos — /ay meuhs/, n. 1. a Minor Prophet of the 8th century B.C. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning burden. * * * I flourished 8th century BC Earliest Hebrew prophet (one of the 12 Minor Prophets)… …   Universalium

  • Amos Tutuola — (June 20, 1920 June 8, 1997) was a Nigerian writer famous for his books based in part on Yoruba folk tales. Early history Tutuola was born in Abeokuta, Nigeria, in 1920, where his parents Charles and Esther were Yoruba Christian cocoa farmers.… …   Wikipedia

  • Amos Tutuola — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Amos Tutuola (Abeokuta, Nigeria, 20 de junio de 1920 Ibadán, 8 de junio de 1997) fue un escritor nigeriano en lengua inglesa. Sus obras se apartan de los modelos literarios occidentales al inspirarse en relatos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Amos Tutuola — (* 20. Juni 1920 in Abeokuta; † 8. Juni 1997 in Ibadan) war ein nigerianischer Schriftsteller. Leben Amos Tutuola, der Sohn einer christlichen Familie aus der Ethnie der Yoruba, arbeitete nach einer kurzen, nur sechsjährigen Grundschulzeit als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amos Tutuola — était un écrivain nigerian d expression anglaise, né à Abeokuta en 1920, décédé le 8 juin 1997. Tutuola a été un des premiers auteurs africains à ne pas écrire selon le modèle littéraire européen. Ses romans s inspirent des contes traditionnels… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amós (nombre) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Amós. Amós El profeta Amós Origen Hebreo Género Masculino Santoral …   Wikipedia Español

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