Member of the National Liberation Movement, a Uruguayan leftist urban guerrilla organization founded с 1963 and named for Tupac Amarú II, an 18th-century Peruvian revolutionary.

The earliest Tupamaro efforts involved robbing banks and businesses and distributing the goods to the poor, but in the late 1960s they mounted a wave of violence aimed at the authorities. The military government that seized power in 1973 launched an offensive against them, killing some 300 and imprisoning 3,000 others. When democratic rule returned in 1985, the Tupamaros were reorganized as a political party.

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▪ guerrilla organization, Uruguay
member of  National Liberation Movement , Spanish  Movimiento de Liberación Nacional 

      Uruguayan leftist urban guerrilla organization founded in about 1963. The group was named for Tupac Amaru II, the leader of an 18th-century revolt against Spanish rule in Peru.

      The chief founder of Tupamaro was Raúl Sendic (Sendic, Raúl), a labour organizer. The earliest Tupamaro efforts were a mixture of idealism, public relations, and theft—robbing banks and businesses and distributing food and goods to the poor. In 1968 Tupamaro began more earnest efforts to undermine the established order, including raids on arsenals, arson, and kidnappings and assassinations of police and government officials. The organization also carried out bombings against foreign interests, particularly those of Brazil and the United States. In 1971 it kidnapped the British ambassador and held him for eight months. Its success was brief, however; by the time of the June 1973 military coup in Uruguay, Tupamaro had been neutralized by government troops, which managed to kill some 300 members and imprison nearly 3,000 others. After democratic rule returned to Uruguay in 1985, most of those jailed, including Sendic, were released under a general amnesty, and Tupamaro was reorganized as a legal political party.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • tupamaro — (de «Túpac Amaru», jefe de la insurreción contra el virrey que protagonizaron los indios peruanos en 1780) adj. y n. m. Se aplica al movimiento revolucionario uruguayo «Túpac Amaru», desmantelado en 1972, así como a sus militantes y a sus cosas.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • tupamaro — tupamaro, ra 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a la organización guerrillera uruguaya Túpac Amaru. 2. m. y f. Miembro de esta organización …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Tupamaro — Tu|pa|ma|ro 〈m. 6〉 1. 〈urspr.〉 Aufständischer in Uruguay 2. 〈danach〉 Angehöriger einer radikalen, gewalttätigen Gruppe [wahrscheinl. nach Tupac Amaru, einem Nachkommen der Inkas, Führer eines Aufstandes gegen die Spanier im 18. Jh.] * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tupamaro — Tu|pa|ma|ro der; s, s (meist Plur.) <aus gleichbed. span. tupamaro, nach dem peruan. Indianerführer Túpac Amaru II., 1743 1781> uruguayischer Stadtguerillero (bes. in den 1960er Jahren) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • tupamaro — tu·pa·ma·ro s.m. ES sp. {{wmetafile0}} in America latina, appartenente a organizzazioni rivoluzionarie di estrema sinistra impegnate in azioni terroristiche e di guerriglia urbana | estens., guerrigliero; chi pratica la guerriglia urbana {{line}} …   Dizionario italiano

  • tupamaro — {{hw}}{{tupamaro}}{{/hw}}s. m. inv.  (pl.  spagn. tupamaros   ) 1 Appartenente a un organizzazione guerrigliera uruguaiana di estrema sinistra che, tra il 1963 e il 1984, compì azioni terroristiche nelle città. 2 (est.) Chi pratica la guerriglia… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • Tupamaro — Tu|pa|ma|ro 〈m.; Gen.: od. s, Pl.: s; Politik〉 Angehöriger einer radikalen, gewalttätigen, oppositionellen Gruppe in Montevideo (Uruguay), Vorbild der Stadtguerilla [Etym.: nach Tupac Amarú, einem Nachkommen der Inkas, Führer eines Aufstandes… …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Tupamaro — /tupəˈmarə/ (say toohpuh mahruh) noun (plural Tupamaros) any of a group of Uruguayan Marxist urban guerillas …   Australian English dictionary

  • Tupamaro — Tu|pa|ma|ro, der; s, s <nach dem Inkakönig Túpac Amaru> (uruguayischer Stadtguerilla) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • tupamaro —  adj. D un peuple d Amérique du Sud …   Le dictionnaire des mots absents des autres dictionnaires

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