Tisza River

or Tisa River

River, western Ukraine, eastern Hungary, and northern Serbia and Montenegro.

Rising in the Carpathian Mountains of western Ukraine, it flows west, forming a section of the Ukraine-Romania border, then continues southwest across Hungary and into Serbia and Montenegro to empty into the Danube River above Belgrade. It is 619 mi (996 km) long. The Tiszalök Dam (1954) forms the largest reservoir in Hungary. The Tisza is navigable for light-draft boats for about 450 mi (727 km).

* * *

      a major tributary of the middle Danube River, rising in the Bukovina segment of the Carpathian Mountains. Its two headstreams, the Black and White Tisza, unite east of Sighet on the Ukraine-Romania border. From Sighet, Romania, the Tisza flows northwest through a small portion of Ukraine and then into Hungary. It then flows in a great northward loop to where the Slovak, Ukrainian, and Hungarian frontiers converge near Chop, Ukraine. The Tisza continues southwest through Hungary to Szolnok; then it cuts southward across the Great Alfold, paralleling the Danube, which it joins 28 miles (45 km) north of Belgrade, Serbia, after a meandering course (largely canalized) of 600 miles (966 km). Its drainage area is 60,690 square miles (157,186 square km).

      The Tisza in its mountain course is a clear, rapid stream; the lack of an extensive lake system in the Carpathians to steady the seasonal runoff explains the spectacular contrast between its maximum and minimum levels and results in three annual floods—in early spring, early summer, and fall. When high water in the Tisza meets similar conditions in the Danube, the Tisza flows back into its own course, causing severe flooding. Such a coincidence destroyed Szeged, Hungary, in the spring of 1879; dikes were subsequently built to protect the city. Regulation of the river was begun in the second half of the 19th century, and there are 2,400 miles (3,860 km) of flood-control levees along its course. The main east-bank tributaries are the Szamos, Körös, and Maros (Romanian Someș, Criș, Mureș); on the west bank are the Bodrog and the Sajó. The Tiszalök Dam (1954) on the river's upper course forms the largest reservoir in Hungary, provides hydroelectric power, and, with the Eastern Main Canal linking the Tisza and the Berettyö to the Körös, supplies year-round irrigation water to the Hajdúság and Hortobágy plains. The Tisza is navigable for river boats for about 200 miles (320 km) up to Szolnok, and for smaller craft almost to the Hungary-Slovakia border. Szolnok, Csongrád, and Szeged rank as river ports. A canal in Serbia links the Tisza with the Danube before their natural confluence.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tisza — Tisa redirects here. For other uses, see Tisa (disambiguation) and Tisza (disambiguation). Geobox River name =Tisza River native name = other name = ro. Tisa ry. Тиса uk. Тиса sk. Tisa sr. Тиса/Tisa other name1 = image size = 300 image caption =… …   Wikipedia

  • Tisza — Hung. /ti so/, n. a river in S central Europe, flowing from the Carpathian Mountains through E Hungary and NE Yugoslavia into the Danube N of Belgrade. 800 mi. (1290 km) long. German, Theiss. * * * (as used in expressions) Tisza Kálmán Tisza… …   Universalium

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Tisza (rivière) — Tisza la Tisza La Tisza à Szolnok La Tisza est un affluent du Danube Caractéristiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tisza (disambiguation) — Tisza refers to: * River Tisza * István Tisza (1861 ndash;1918) Hungarian prime minister, * Kálmán Tisza (1830 ndash;1902) Hungarian prime minister, * Lajos Tisza (1832 ndash;1898) Hungarian politician * Tisza Cipő A popular Hungarian sports shoe …   Wikipedia

  • Tisza Cipő — is a brand of Hungarian sports shoes that existed in the Communist era which has made a resurgence in recent years as a hip new fashion brand in that country. Cipő is Hungarian for shoe, and Tisza is a river in Central Europe. The shoes in… …   Wikipedia

  • Tisza — [tē′sətē′sə, tē′sä] river in E Europe, flowing from W Ukraine southwest through Hungary & Serbia and Montenegro into the Danube: c. 800 mi (1,287 km): Romanian name Tisa [tē′sə] …   English World dictionary

  • Tisza — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tisza (homonymie). Tisza La Tisza à Szolnok …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tisza — geographical name river about 600 miles (965 kilometers) E Europe flowing from the Carpathians in W Ukraine W & SW into the Danube …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Tisza — Ti•sza [[t]ˈtɪs ɔ[/t]] n. geg a river in S central Europe, flowing from the Carpathian Mountains through E Hungary and NE Yugoslavia into the Danube N of Belgrade. 800 mi. (1290 km) long …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.