- Sino-Tibetan language spoken by more than five million people in Tibet (Xizang), Qinghai, Sichuan, and Gansu provinces in China; Bhutan; northern Nepal; and the Kashmir region of India and Pakistan.Since the occupation of Tibet by China in 1959, enclaves of Tibetan speakers have dispersed to India and other parts of the world. Spoken Tibetan comprises a very diverse range of dialects, conventionally divided into several groups: Western, including Balti and Ladakhi in Jammu and Kashmir; Central, including the speech of Lhasa and most of the Nepalese dialects (including Sherpa); Southern, including the dialects of Sikkim and Bhutan; Khams, or Southeastern, including the dialects of the interior plateau, southern Qinghai, eastern Tibet, and parts of western Sichuan; and Amdo or Northeastern, including the dialects of northern Qinghai, southern Gansu, and northern Sichuan. Most Tibetans share a common literary language, written in a distinctive script of disputed origin first attested in the 8th century AD.
* * *Tibetic (or Bodic) language belonging to the Tibeto-Burman group of the Sino-Tibetan language family; it is spoken in Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal, and in parts of northern India (including Sikkim). The language is usually divided by scholars into four dialect groups: Central, Southern, Northern (in northern Tibet), and Western (in western Tibet). The widely used dialect of Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, belongs to the Central group, while the Southern group is found primarily in Sikkim, Bhutan, and Nepal. The Western dialects are more conservative in their sound systems, having best preserved the initial consonant clusters and the final stops (sounds formed with complete closure in the vocal tract) of Old Tibetan and having less development of tones than the other dialects.Tibetan is written in a very conservative script of Indian origin, its present form having been used since the 9th century. The orthography reflects the pronunciation of the language as it was in about the 7th century and therefore does not adequately represent present-day standard Tibetan pronunciation.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Tibetan language — Infobox Language name=Tibetan nativename=བོད་སྐད་ bod skad familycolor=Sino Tibetan states=China, India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan region=Tibet, Kashmir, Baltistan speakers=6,150,000Fact|date=September 2008 fam1=Sino Tibetan fam2=Tibeto Burman fam3 … Wikipedia
Khams Tibetan language — Kham Ke (ཁམས་སྐད་ Wylie transliteration: khams skad ) refers to the Tibetan language dialects spoken in Eastern Tibet or Kham (E. Tibet Autonomous Region, S. Qinghai, W. Sichuan, Yunnan). It should not be confused with the Kham language spoken by … Wikipedia
Sino-Tibetan language speakers — The Sino Tibetan language family is a high level grouping of languages, at the same level as Indo European, with over a billion speakers worldwide. On the basis of historical reconstruction of vocabulary, the nearly 300 languages in this family… … Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture
Sino-Tibetan language — noun the family of tonal languages spoken in eastern Asia • Syn: ↑Sino Tibetan • Regions: ↑China, ↑People s Republic of China, ↑mainland China, ↑Communist China, ↑Red China, ↑PRC … Useful english dictionary
Sino-Tibetan language — n. family of languages of eastern Asia that includes Chinese Sinitic and Burmese and Tibetan … English contemporary dictionary
Tibetan people — བོད་པ། 藏族 Top: Milarepa • Thubten Gyatso • Buton Rinchen Drub • Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme • Gendun Drup Bottom … Wikipedia
Tibetan culture — Tibetan Monk churning butter tea Tibetan culture developed under the influence of a number of factors. Contact with neighboring countries and cultures including Nepal, India and China have influenced the development of Tibetan culture, but the… … Wikipedia
Tibetan calligraphy — refers to the calligraphic traditions used to write the Tibetan language. As in other parts of East Asia, nobles, high lamas, and persons of high rank were expected to have high abilities in calligraphy. However, unlike calligraphy in China,… … Wikipedia
Language contact — occurs when two or more languages or varieties interact. The study of language contact is called contact linguistics. Multilingualism has likely been common throughout much of human history, and today most people in the world are multilingual. … Wikipedia
Tibetan — can refer to: *Of or relating to Tibet *Tibetan people, an ethnic group *Tibetan language *Tibetan script, a writing system *Tibetan art *Tibetan culture *Tibetan food *Tibetan Spaniel dog breed *Tibetan Mastiff dog breed *Tibetan Buddhism … Wikipedia