- River, Italy.The country's second-longest river, it rises in the Tuscan Apennines, and flows south for 252 mi (405 km), ultimately passing through the city of Rome before entering the Mediterranean at Ostia. It was an important navigation route for trade in Roman times. Despite sporadic dredging over the centuries, its persistent silting has limited its use in modern times.
* * *Italian Fiume Tevere,historic river of Europe and the second longest Italian river after the Po, rising on the slope of Monte Fumaiolo, a major summit of the Appennino Tosco-Emiliano. It is 252 mi (405 km) long. Twisting in a generally southerly direction through a series of scenic gorges and broad valleys, the Tiber flows through the city of Rome and enters the Tyrrhenian Sea of the Mediterranean near Ostia Antica. Its major tributaries are the Chiascio, Nestore, Paglia, Nera, and Aniene. Below Rome, the Tiber branches out into a delta, the main channel being the Fiumara, with the Fiumicino functioning as a distributary branch on the north side. Some ancient writers allege that it was known originally as Albula—a reference to the whiteness of its waters—but it was renamed Tiberis after Tiberinus, a king of Alba Longa (an area centred on Lago Albano, south of Rome) who was drowned in it.Although the Romans made some effort to control the river's lower course, their ignorance of hydraulic principles prevented the development of adequate protection against floods. It is only in modern times that the Tiber has flowed through Rome between high stone embankments. Though the river varies in depth between 7 and 20 ft, there is some evidence that navigation upstream to the Val Tiberina was significant for the grain trade as long ago as the 5th century BC. Later, the shipment of building stone and also of timber became important. In its zenith, classical Rome was supplied with vegetables grown in the gardens of riverside villas.The importance of the Lower Tiber was first recognized in the 3rd century BC, when Ostia was made a naval base during the Punic Wars. It later became a commercial centre for the import of Mediterranean wheat, oil, and wine. Successive attempts to maintain Ostia, on the Fiumara, and the port of the emperors Claudius and Trajan, on the Fiumicino, were defeated by the processes of silting and by the deposition of sandbars at the river mouths. In later centuries, several popes tried to improve navigation on the Lower Tiber, and ports were built at Rome in 1692, 1703, and 1744. Navigation and trade upon the Lower Tiber flourished again between the late 18th and mid-19th centuries, when further dredging took place on the lower course. Silting continued, however, with such persistence that, within another century, the Tiber was only navigable at Rome itself. The Tiber Delta, meanwhile, had advanced about two miles seaward since Roman times.
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TIBER RIVER (TEVERE) — The major, 405 kilometer long river that rises on Monte Fumaiolo in the northern part of the central Apennines and runs through central Italy, draining a catchment of some 17,169 square kilometers, providing the southern and eastern border to… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
Tiber River City — Rome … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Tiber Creek — or Tyber Creek was a tributary of the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. Originally known as Goose Creek, it was renamed after Rome s Tiber River as the lands southeast of then Georgetown, Maryland, were selected for the City of Washington, the… … Wikipedia
Tiber — Infobox river river name = Tevere caption= origin = Mount Fumaiolo mouth = Tyrrhenian Sea basin countries = Italy length = 406 km elevation = 1,268 m mouth elevation = discharge = 267 m³/s (in Rome) watershed =17,375 km²The Tiber (Latin Tiberis … Wikipedia
Tiber Island — The Tiber Island ( it. Isola Tiberina, Latin: Insula Tiberina ), is a boat shaped island which has long been associated with healing. It is an ait, and the only island in the Tiber river which runs through Rome. The island is located in the… … Wikipedia
river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… … Universalium
tiber green — ˈtībə(r) noun Usage: often capitalized T Etymology: from Tiber, river in central Italy : a light yellowish green that is yellower and paler than apple green (sense 2), lighter and stronger than pistachio, and yellower and stronger than crayon… … Useful english dictionary
Tiber — the Tiber the third longest river in Italy, which flows from the Apennines south to Rome and the sea … Dictionary of contemporary English
Tiber — [tī′bər] [L Tiberis] river in central Italy, flowing from the Apennines south through Rome into the Tyrrhenian Sea: c. 250 mi (402 km): It. name TEVERE … English World dictionary
Tiber — river, CEN. Italy; 245 mi. long … Webster's Gazetteer