Thorndike, Edward L(ee)

born Aug. 31, 1874, Williamsburg, Mass., U.S.
died Aug. 9, 1949, Montrose, N.Y.

U.S. psychologist.

He trained under William James and James McKeen Cattell and later taught at Columbia University (1904–40). A pioneer in the fields of animal learning and educational psychology, he developed a form of behaviourism known as connectionism, which holds that learning takes place through associative bonds. He contributed significantly to the development of quantitative experimental methods and to more efficient and scientifically based methods of teaching. Among his writings are Introduction to the Theory of Mental and Social Measurements (1904), Principles of Teaching Based on Psychology (1906), Animal Intelligence (1911), and The Psychology of Wants, Interests, and Attitudes (1935).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thorndike, Edward L. — ▪ American psychologist in full  Edward Lee Thorndike  born August 31, 1874, Williamsburg, Massachusetts, U.S. died August 9, 1949, Montrose, New York       American psychologist whose work on animal behaviour (Social behaviour in animals) and… …   Universalium

  • Thorndike, Edward L(ee) — (31 ago. 1874, Williamsburg, Mass., EE.UU.–9 ago. 1949, Montrose, N.Y.) Psicólogo estadounidense. Se formó bajo la dirección de William James y James McKeen Cattell y después ejerció la docencia en la Universidad de Columbia (1904–40). Pionero en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thorndike,Edward Lee — Thorn·dike (thôrnʹdīk ), Edward Lee. 1874 1949. American educational psychologist noted for his study of animal intelligence and his methods of measuring intelligence. * * * …   Universalium

  • Thorndike, Edward Lee — ► (1874 1949) Psicólogo y pedagogo estadounidense. Aplicó los métodos experimentales en la educación. Autor de Psicología educacional …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Торндайк Эдвард Ли / Thorndike, Edward Lee — (1874 1949). Торндайк учил, что психологам следует изучать поведение, а не психические элементы или сознательный опыт. В своих работах он заложил основы для понимания научения и сформулировал свой закон эффекта до открытия Павловым закона… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Edward Thorndike — Edward Lee Thorndike (31 août 1874 9 août 1949) est un psychologue américain, précurseur du béhaviorisme. Il est notamment connu pour ses recherches sur l intelligence animale et en psychologie de l éducation. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Thorndike — Edward Lee Thorndike (* 31. August 1874 in Williamsburg, Massachusetts, USA; † 9. oder 10. August[1] 1949 in Montrose, New York) war ein US amerikanischer Psychologe und Begründer der instrumentellen Konditionierung. Seine Verhaltensstudien an… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thorndike — ist unter anderem der Name der folgenden Personen: Andrew Thorndike, deutscher Dokumentarfilmer (1909–1979) Annelie Thorndike, deutsche Dokumentarfilmerin (* 1925) Ashley Horace Thorndike (1871–1933), Shakespeare Experte, Prof. an der Columbia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • THORNDIKE (E. L.) — THORNDIKE EDWARD LEE (1874 1949) Psychologue américain qui a eu un rôle de pionnier dans des domaines très divers de sa discipline: éthologie, théorie de l’apprentissage, pédagogie. Élève de William James à l’université Harvard, Thorndike publie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Thorndike — Thorndike, Edward Lee …   Enciclopedia Universal

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