- born April 28, 1900, Noyelles-Godault, Francedied July 11, 1964, at sea en route to YaltaFrench communist politician.He began working as a coal miner at age 12. He joined the French Communist Party с 1920 and was arrested several times for agitation. After becoming local party secretary (1923), he rose to secretary-general of the party (1930). He served in the Chamber of Deputies (1932–39, 1945–60) and helped form the Popular Front government in 1936. He lived in the Soviet Union (1943–44), then returned to France and served as a minister of state (1945) and deputy premier (1946, 1947). He remained a dedicated Stalinist even after Nikita Khrushchev denounced Joseph Stalin in 1956.
* * *▪ French politicianborn April 28, 1900, Noyelles-Godault, Francedied July 11, 1964, at sea en route to YaltaFrench politician and leader of the French Communist Party.Thorez became a coal miner at age 12 and joined the Socialist Party in 1919. He joined the Communist Party about 1920 and was imprisoned several times for agitation. In 1923 he became party secretary for the Pas-de-Calais and rose rapidly until he became in 1930 secretary-general of the party, a position he held until his death. In 1932 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies and was reelected in 1936. The success of the Nazis in Germany stimulated Thorez to action against the right wing in France. In 1934, after being called to Moscow for talks with the Soviet leadership, he suddenly switched his party to participation in the popular front—an alliance between Communists, Socialists, and Radical Socialists. The front, because of strong electoral discipline, managed to win the elections of 1936 and to enact long-neglected social legislation. At the outbreak of World War II, Thorez was mobilized, but he left the army and went underground when the Communist Party was banned by the Daladier government for its opposition to the war. Thorez was tried in absentia and stripped of his nationality. He went to the U.S.S.R. in 1943.When the Allies liberated France in 1944, Thorez received a pardon from the new French government headed by General Charles de Gaulle. That November he returned to France from the Soviet Union, and in 1945 his citizenship was restored. He was again elected to the Chamber of Deputies and was reelected throughout the Fourth Republic (1946–58). He was a minister of state under de Gaulle in 1945 and a deputy premier in 1946 and 1947 but thereafter was in no French cabinet.In 1958 the Communist Party failed to prevent de Gaulle's coming to power. In the ensuing elections the party's strength in the Chamber dropped to only 10 seats, but Thorez himself retained his seat. He published Fils du peuple (1937; Son of the People) and Une politique de grandeur française (1945; “Politics of French Greatness”). Thorez was basically a Stalinist, and after Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin in 1956 he extolled the dead leader.
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Thorez, Maurice — (1900–1964) Born in France, Maurice Thorez rose from childhood labor as a coal miner to become general secretary, and then chairman, of the French Communist Party (PCF). Joining in 1920, Thorez was a member of the PCF almost from its inception … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Thorez, Maurice — (1900 1964) political figure Born in Noyelles Godault, Pas de Calais, Maurice Thorez worked for a mining company and became a member of the Section française de l internationale ouvrière (SFIO). During the schism at the Congress of Tours… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Thorez, Maurice — ► (1900 64) Político francés. Fue ministro de Estado en 1945 46 y vicepresidente del Consejo en 1946 47. * * * (28 abr. 1900, Noyelles Godault, Francia–11 jul. 1964, en alta mar camino a Yalta). Político comunista francés. Comenzó trabajando como … Enciclopedia Universal
Thorez — Thorez, Maurice … Enciclopedia Universal
Thorez — Maurice Thorez Maurice Thorez … Wikipédia en Français
Maurice Thorez — (1936) sowjetische Briefmarke Maurice Thorez (Aussprache: [ … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thorez — Maurice Thorez auf einer sowjetischen Briefmarke (1965) Maurice Thorez (Aussprache: [mɔˈʀis tɔˈʀɛːz]; * 28. April 1900 in Noyelles Godault, Pas de Calais; † 11. Juli 1964 bei einer Überfahrt auf dem Schwarzen Meer) war ein … Deutsch Wikipedia
THOREZ (M.) — THOREZ MAURICE (1900 1964) Fils et petit fils de mineur, Maurice Thorez est né à Noyelle Godault (Pas de Calais). La guerre l’oblige à quitter son bassin minier natal pour vivre dans un village de la Creuse. Il doit commencer à travailler comme… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Thorez — (Maurice) (1900 1964) homme politique français. Secrétaire général du parti communiste (1930), il fut l un des promoteurs du Front populaire. De 1939 à 1994, il séjourna en U.R.S.S., puis fit partie du gouvernement (1945 1947) … Encyclopédie Universelle
Maurice Thorez — A Soviet stamp depicting Maurice Thorez. Maurice Thorez (April 28, 1900 – July 11, 1964) was a French politician and longtime leader of the French Communist Party (PCF) from 1930 until his death. He also served as vice premier of France from 1946 … Wikipedia