- (1794) Revolt in the French Revolution against the Reign of Terror that was initiated on 9 Thermidor (July 27).Weary of the mounting executions (1,300 in June alone), deputies in the National Convention decreed the arrest of Maximilien Robespierre, Louis de Saint-Just, and other members of the Committee of Public Safety. They and others were guillotined, inaugurating a brief "White Terror" against the radical Jacobin Club. The Directory period followed soon afterward.
* * *▪ French historyin the French Revolution, the parliamentary revolt initiated on 9 Thermidor, year II (July 27, 1794), which resulted in the fall of Maximilien Robespierre (Robespierre, Maximilien de) and the collapse of revolutionary fervour and the Reign of Terror (Terror, Reign of) in France.By June 1794 France had become fully weary of the mounting executions (1,300 in June alone), and Paris was alive with rumours of plots against Robespierre, member of the ruling Committee of Public Safety (Public Safety, Committee of) and leading advocate of the Terror. On 8 Thermidor (July 26) he gave a speech full of appeals and threats. The next day, the deputies in the National Convention shouted him down and decreed his arrest. He was arrested at the Hôtel de Ville, along with his brother Augustin, François Hanriot, Georges Couthon, and Louis de Saint-Just. The same guillotine that on 9 Thermidor executed 45 anti-Robespierrists executed, in the following three days, 104 Robespierrists, inaugurating a brief “White Terror” against Jacobins (Jacobin Club) throughout France.The coup was primarily a reassertion of the rights of the National Convention against the Committee of Public Safety and of the nation against the Paris Commune. It was followed by the disarming of the committee, the emptying of the prisons, and the purging of Jacobin clubs. Social and political life became freer, more extravagant, and more personally corrupt. There was a splurge of fashion and a conspicuous consumption of bourgeois wealth, while the poor suffered from harsh economic conditions.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Thermidorian Reaction — The Thermidorian Reaction was a revolt in the French Revolution against the excesses of the Reign of Terror. It was triggered by a vote of the Committee of Public Safety to execute Robespierre, Saint Just and several other leading members of the… … Wikipedia
Thermidorian Reaction — The Thermidorian Reaction, a stage in the revolution of 1789, was a consequence of the fall of maximilien Robespierre and the end of the montagard Convention (July 1794). It was directed against the ultra revolutionary forces and… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
reaction — reactional, adj. reactionally, adv. /ree ak sheuhn/, n. 1. a reverse movement or tendency; an action in a reverse direction or manner. 2. movement in the direction of political conservatism or extreme rightism. 3. action in response to some… … Universalium
France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… … Universalium
Reactionary — (also reactionist) is a derogatory term usually used by the left wing in regards to movements which oppose radical change in society and seeks a return to a previous state. The term originated in the French Revolution, denoting the counter… … Wikipedia
Napoleon — For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). Napoleon I … Wikipedia
Jean-Lambert Tallien — (1767 ndash; November 16, 1820), was a French political figure of the revolutionary period.LifeClerk and journalistHe was the son of the maître d hôtel of the Marquis de Bercy, and was born in Paris. The marquis, noticing his ability, had him… … Wikipedia
François-Noël Babeuf — François Noël Gracchus Babeuf François Noël Babeuf (23 November 1760 – 27 May 1797), known as Gracchus Babeuf (in tribute to the Roman tribunes of the people and reformers, the Gracchi brothers, and used alongside his self designation as… … Wikipedia
National Convention — This article is about the legislative body and constitutional convention during the French Revolution. For the presidential nominating convention in the United States, see United States presidential nominating convention. The Convention redirects … Wikipedia
National Convention — 1. Fr. Hist. the legislature of France 1792 95. 2. U.S. Politics. a convention held every four years by each of the major political parties to nominate a presidential candidate. * * * French Convention Nationale Governing assembly (1792–95) of… … Universalium