Telford, Thomas

born Aug. 9, 1757, near Westerkirk, Dumfries, Scot.
died Sept. 2, 1834, London, Eng.

Scottish civil engineer.

He built the Ellesmere, Caledonian, and Göta canals and the St. Katherine's Docks in London. His crowning achievement was the design and construction (1819–26) of the great Menai Bridge, a suspension bridge in Wales. In all he built some 1,200 bridges, over 1,000 miles of road, and many buildings. He was the first president of the British Institution of Civil Engineers (founded 1818).

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▪ British engineer
born Aug. 9, 1757, near Westerkirk, Dumfries, Scot.
died Sept. 2, 1834, London, Eng.
 versatile Scottish civil engineer whose crowning achievement was the design and construction (1819–26) of the Menai Bridge in Wales.

      Telford began his career as a mason and educated himself to become an architect. In 1786 he was appointed surveyor of public works for Shropshire, a post that entailed the construction of buildings and bridges. Among the spans he built in this era were three over the River Severn, at Montford, Buildwas, and Bewdley, the second being of cast iron.

      In 1793 Telford became agent and engineer to the Ellesmere Canal (canals and inland waterways) Company. His two great aqueducts, which carry this canal over the Ceiriog and Dee valleys in Wales at Chirk and Pont Cysylltau, employed a novel use of troughs of cast-iron plates fixed in the masonry. These brought him national fame. Employed in 1803 by the government to assist in the development of the Scottish Highlands, he was responsible for the Caledonian Canal; (Caledonian Canal) harbour works at Aberdeen, Dundee, and elsewhere; and the building of more than 900 miles (1,450 km) of roads, including many bridges. Subsequently, in the course of improving the roads from Chester and Shrewsbury to Holyhead, he built his two famous suspension bridges (suspension bridge) over the River Conwy and the Menai Strait (Wales).

      Telford was then employed in improving and building canals to meet the threat of railway competition; this work included a new canal from Wolverhampton to Nantwich and a new tunnel at Harecastle, Staffordshire, on the Trent and Mersey Canal. Among Telford's other works were the St. Katharine Docks, London; roads in the Scottish Lowlands; and the bridges over the Severn at Tewkesbury and Gloucester. He also acted as a consultant for the Göta Canal in Sweden. Telford was the first president of the Institution of Civil Engineers (founded 1818).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Telford, Thomas — SUBJECT AREA: Canals, Civil engineering [br] b. 9 August 1757 Glendinning, Dumfriesshire, Scotland d. 2 September 1834 London, England. [br] Scottish civil engineer. [br] Telford was the son of a shepherd, who died when the boy was in his first… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Telford, Thomas — (9 ago. 1757, cerca de Westerkirk, Dumfries, Escocia–2 sep. 1834, Londres, Inglaterra). Ingeniero civil escocés. Construyó los canales de Ellesmere, Caledonia y Göta y los muelles de St. Katherine en Londres. Su logro culminante fue el diseño y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • TELFORD, THOMAS —    a celebrated engineer, born, the son of a shepherd, in Westerkirk parish, Eskdale; served an apprenticeship to a stone mason, and after a sojourn in Edinburgh found employment in London in 1782; as surveyor of public works for Shropshire in… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Thomas Telford — Nacimiento 9 de agosto …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Telford — (* 9. August 1757 in Westerkirk, Dumfriesshire, Schottland; † 2. September 1834 in Westminster (London)) war ein bedeutender britischer Baumeister. Leben und Wirken Telford verschaffte sich durch zahlreiche Meisterwerk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Telford — [Thomas Telford] (1757–1834) a Scottish engineer who designed many bridges, canals and roads in Britain. Among his best known achievements are the ↑Caledonian Canal in northern Scotland and the ↑Menai Strait Bridge in north Wales. Many of his… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Telford — Telford, Thomas, Ingenieur, geb. 9. Aug. 1757 in Eskdale (Dumfriesshire), gest. 2. Sept. 1834 in Westminster, erlernte das Maurerhandwerk, ging 1781 nach Edinburg, 1782 nach London, wo er unter Chambers und Adams Studien machte und 1787 die Docks …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Telford — Telford, Thomas, geb. 1755; englischer Baumeister, Erbauer der Menay u. Conwaybrücke, des Calidonschen Kanals, der Katharinendocks; st. 1834 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thomas Telford — Infobox Engineer image size = caption = name = Thomas Telford nationality = Scottish birth date =birth date|df=yes|1757|8|9 birth place = Westerkirk, Scotland, United Kingdom death date =Death date and age|df=yes|1834|9|2|1757|8|9 death place =… …   Wikipedia

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