- known as John Taylor of Carolineborn Dec. 19?, 1753, Caroline county, Va.died Aug. 21, 1824, Caroline county, Va., U.S.U.S. politician.He served in the Continental Army (1775–79) and the Virginia militia (1781) in the American Revolution. A strong advocate of states' rights, he opposed ratification of the U.S. Constitution. He was a member of the U.S. Senate (1792–94, 1803, 1822–24), and he introduced the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions in the Virginia legislature (1798). A supporter of Thomas Jefferson, he wrote essays on the importance of maintaining an agrarian democracy as a defense against the development of an overly powerful central government.
* * *▪ American politician and philosopherbyname John Taylor of Carolineborn Dec. 19?, 1753, Caroline county, Virginiadied Aug. 21, 1824, Caroline county, Va., U.S.one of the leading American philosophers of the liberal agrarian political movement—commonly known as Jeffersonian democracy—during the early national period.Orphaned as a child, Taylor grew up in the home of his uncle, Edmund Pendleton. He received his education from private tutors, a private academy, and the College of William and Mary. Early in the 1770s he began studying law in Pendleton's office, and in 1774 Taylor received his license to practice.At the outbreak of the American Revolution, Taylor joined the Continental Army. He served until resigning in 1779, after which he fought with the Virginia militia. Elected in 1779 to the Virginia House of Delegates, Taylor emerged as a leader in the movement for religious disestablishment, broader voting rights, and more equitable representation. He served in the House of Delegates from 1779 to 1781 and again from 1783 to 1785.Taylor was dismayed at the prospect of a strong central government and opposed the ratification of the Constitution. From 1796 to 1800, he was again in the Virginia House of Delegates after filling an unexpired U.S. Senate term from 1792 to 1794. It was while in the Virginia legislature in 1798 that he introduced James Madison's Virginia Resolutions (Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions), the states' rights document drawn up in reaction to the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts. Taylor was a vigorous backer of President Thomas Jefferson. He again filled an unexpired Senate term in 1803.Except for filling yet another unexpired Senate term, from 1822 to 1824, Taylor devoted the remainder of his life to political writing. An Inquiry into the Principles and Policy of the Government of the United States (1814) and Construction Construed and Constitutions Vindicated (1820) were highly prolix works but important as defenses of agrarian democracy against the assaults of a too-powerful central government and the monied mercantile classes. Taylor attacked the notion that the Supreme Court could negate state actions and that Congress could restrict the expansion of slavery into the territories. Like most of his fellow Southern critics of centralization, he provided slavery's defenders with an arsenal of high-minded abstractions to invoke.Taylor's other writings dealt with his experiments in scientific agriculture, and in 1813 he published a collection of his essays under the title The Arator. He always thought of himself as a farmer, and he spent most of his life on his plantation—“Hazelwood”—in Caroline county.▪ British writerborn Aug. 24, 1580, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng.died December 1653, Londonminor English poet, pamphleteer, and journalist who called himself “the Water Poet.”The son of a surgeon, Taylor was sent to a grammar school but became, as he said, “mired in Latin accidence” and was apprenticed to a Thames boatman. He served in the navy and saw action at Cádiz (1596) and Flores (1597). Returning to London, he worked as a waterman transporting passengers up and down the River Thames and also held a semiofficial post at the Tower of London for several years. Taylor won fame by making a series of whimsical journeys that he described in lively, rollicking verse and prose. For example, he journeyed from London to Queenborough, Kent, in a paper boat with two stockfish tied to canes for oars and nearly drowned in the attempt. He made other water journeys between London, York, and Salisbury, and The Pennyles Pilgrimage. . . (1618) describes a trip he made on foot from London to Edinburgh without money. In 1620 he journeyed to Prague, where he was received by the queen of Bohemia. His humorous accounts of his journeys won the patronage of Ben Jonson, among others. Taylor also amused the court and the public in his paper war with another eccentric traveler, Thomas Coryate. In 1630 he published 63 pieces in All the Works of John Taylor the Water Poet, although he continued to publish prolifically afterward.When the English Civil Wars began Taylor moved to Oxford, where he wrote royalist pamphlets. After the city surrendered (1645), he returned to London and kept a public house, “The Crown” (later “The Poet's Head”), until his death.Additional ReadingBernard Capp, The World of John Taylor the Water-Poet, 1578–1653 (1994).
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Taylor, John — (1580 1623) Born of humble parents from Gloucester, he saw service as a pressed man in the Navy at the siege of Cadiz (1596) and at Flores in the Azores (1597). He then spent many years on the River Thames and dubbed himself The Water Poet.… … British and Irish poets
Taylor, John — llamado John Taylor de Caroline (¿19 dic.? 1753, cond. de Caroline, Va.–21 ago. 1824, cond. de Caroline, Va., EE.UU.). Político estadounidense. Prestó servicios en el Ejército continental (1775–79) y en la milicia de Virginia (1781), durante la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Taylor, John — (1580 1653) Known as the Water Poet, b. at Gloucester of humble parentage, was apprenticed to a London waterman, and pressed for the navy. Thereafter he returned to London and resumed his occupation on the Thames, afterwards keeping inns first … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Taylor, John — SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology [br] b. 16 August 1703 Norwich, England d. 17 September 1772 Prague, Bohemia [br] English oculist and exponent of surgical treatment of squint and cataract. [br] In 1722, employed as an apothecary s assistant, he… … Biographical history of technology
Taylor, John — Тейлор, Джон британский автогонщик. Тейлор, Джон американский легкоатлет. Тейлор, Джон бас гитарист британской рок группы Duran Duran … Википедия
TAYLOR, JOHN — known as the Water Poet, born at Gloucester; was successively a waterman on the Thames, a sailor in the navy, public house keeper in Oxford, etc.; walked from London to Edinburgh, not carrying any money to or fro, neither begging, borrowing,… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Taylor, John Henry — ▪ British golfer born March 19, 1871 died Feb. 10, 1963, Northam, Devonshire, Eng. British professional golfer, a member of the “Great Triumvirate” (with Harry Vardon and James Braid) that won the British Open 16 times between 1894 and 1914 … Universalium
Taylor, John Fennings — (1817 1882) Born in London, England. Educated at Radley, England, and came to Canada, 1836. Held various clerical offices under the Assembly and Council of Canada, and after Confederation was appointed deputy clerk of the Senate. Died in Old… … The makers of Canada
John Taylor — may refer to: Academic figures*John Taylor (1704 1766), English classical scholar *John Taylor (1781 1864), British publisher and Egypt scholar *John Taylor (Oxford), Vice Chancellor of Oxford University, 1486 ndash;1487 *John B. Taylor (born… … Wikipedia
Taylor (Name) — Taylor ist ein Vor und Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name stammt aus der englischen Sprache und bedeutet übersetzt Schneider. Es handelt sich somit um einen Berufsnamen. Verbreitung Der Name ist im englischsprachigen Raum weit… … Deutsch Wikipedia