Tatar language

formerly Volga Tatar language

Turkic language with some eight million speakers.

Its speakers include less than half the population of Tatarstan in Russia, with the remainder scattered in enclaves across eastern European Russian, Siberia, and the Central Asian republics. Tatar, like the closely related Bashkir language, is characterized by a remarkable series of vowel shifts that distinguish it (at least in its most characteristic varieties) from all other Turkic languages. It has numerous dialect distinctions; the conventional division is between a central group that includes the Tatar of most of Tatarstan and the literary language based on Kazan speech, a western group, and an eastern group. Crimean Tatar, belonging to the southwestern group of Turkic languages, and Chulym Tatar, belonging to the northeastern group, are not closely related to Tatar.

* * *

      northwestern (Kipchak) language of the Turkic subfamily of Altaic languages. It is spoken in the republic of Tatarstan in west-central Russia and in Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, and China. There are numerous dialectal forms. The major Tatar dialects are Kazan Tatar (spoken in Tatarstan), Western or Misher Tatar, as well as the minor eastern or Siberian dialects, Kasimov, Tepter (Teptyar), and Astrakhan and Ural Tatar. Kazan Tatar is the literary language.

      Crimean Tatar belongs to the same division of the Turkic languages. It has its roots in the language of the Golden Horde in the 13th century and was the official literary language in the Crimea until the 17th century, when it was replaced by Ottoman Turkish. Revived as a literary language in the 19th century, it declined in use in the 20th century after Stalin's deportation of the Crimean Tatars. See also Turkic languages.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tatar language — language name=Tatar nativename=татарча / Tatarça / تاتارچا states=Russia, other former Soviet Union speakers= 8 million familycolor=Altaic fam1=Altaic [ [ family.asp?subid=90009] Ethnologue ] (controversial)… …   Wikipedia

  • Crimean Tatar language — Crimean Tatar Qırımtatarca, Qırımtatar tili Къырымтатарджа, Къырымтатар тили Pronunciation [qɯrɯmtɑtɑrˈd͡ʒɑ] Spoken in …   Wikipedia

  • Old Tatar language — (Iske imla: يسكى تاتار تلى (translit. İske Tatar tele)) was a literary language used among the Muslim Tatars from the Middle Ages till the 19th century. Old Tatar is a member of the Kipchak (or Northwestern) group of Turkic languages, although it …   Wikipedia

  • Tatar-Russian code-switching — is a code switching language of the urban population of Tatarstan, and is spoken predominantly among bilingual Tatars. It is based on the Tatar language, but many spoken forms are from Russian language. In some cases one can start a phrase in… …   Wikipedia

  • Tatar Encyclopaedia — Tatar Encyclopaedic Glossary ( tt. Татар энциклопедия сүзлеге|Tatar Ensiklopediä Süzlege; ТЭС , TES ) is the first encyclopaedic book published in Tatar language about history of Tatarstan and Tatar people. The encyclopaedia contains nearly 17,0 …   Wikipedia

  • Tatar — Tatarian /tah tair ee euhn/, Tataric /tah tar ik/, adj. /tah teuhr/, n. 1. a member of a modern Turkic people living in the Tatar Autonomous Republic and adjacent regions of eastern European Russia and in widely scattered communities in western… …   Universalium

  • Tatar alphabet — Two scripts are currently used for the Tatar language: Cyrillic and Latin. Latin versions IntroductionWhile Latin alphabet has been officially in use for Crimean Tatar for many years, there is controversy in the matter of Latin based Tatar… …   Wikipedia

  • language — /lang gwij/, n. 1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition: the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French… …   Universalium

  • Tatar (disambiguation) — The Tatars are a Turkic ethnic group; the word has also been applied to various other Asian peoples.Tatar may also refer to: *Tatar language *Tatar, Jabrayil, Azerbaijan *Tatar, Qubadli, Azerbaijan *Tatar, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland See also… …   Wikipedia

  • Tatar rock — Some of the earliest Tatar rock bands were Soviet bands Saq Soq and Bolgar, as well as Başqarma from Finland, bands active in the late 1980s. Today the most popular Tatar rock bands are Alqanat (since 2005) from Aqtanış and Xat (since 2001) from… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.