born Jan. 16, 1763, Paris, Francedied Oct. 19, 1826, ParisFrench actor and theatre manager.He made his debut at the Comédie-Française in 1787. Influenced by the painter Jacques-Louis David, he became an early advocate of historical costuming, and he created a sensation by appearing onstage in a Roman toga. After political dissension split the company (1789), the pro-republican Talma established a rival troupe. He developed realism in his staging and insisted on a naturalistic rather than a declamatory acting style. In 1799 his troupe was reunited with the Comédie-Française; as head of the company, he became recognized as the supreme tragedian of the era, winning the admiration of Napoleon.
* * *▪ French actor and theatrical managerborn Jan. 16, 1763, Parisdied Oct. 19, 1826, ParisFrench actor and theatrical company manager whose reforms in acting styles, stage costuming, and scenery made him a leading precursor of 19th-century French Romanticism and Realism.Although Talma's father, a dentist, wanted his son to become a dentist as well, young Talma spent his time instead in amateur theatricals and made his professional debut at the Comédie-Française on Nov. 21, 1787, as Seide in Voltaire's Mahomet. Influenced by his friend the painter David, he became one of the early advocates of historical costuming when he appeared in a Roman toga and headdress in the small role of Proculus in Voltaire's Brutus.Until Nov. 4, 1789, Talma had taken only minor roles; on that day he took over the title role in Marie-Joseph-Blaise de Chenier's anti-monarchical Charles IX after it had been turned down by other actors, who feared political difficulties. As expected, the play caused demonstrations in the theatre and aroused such dissension in the company that the pro-republican Talma established a rival troupe known as the Théâtre de la République. There he developed realism in staging and costuming while producing classical French drama and translations of Shakespeare. In acting he insisted upon a realistic rather than a declamatory style and made speaking pauses follow the sense of speeches rather than their metre.In 1799, when the two companies were reunited at Talma's theatre as the Comédie-Française, he emerged as the supreme tragedian of the era, winning the admiration and patronage of Napoleon. Talma wrote “Réflexions sur Lekain et l'art théâtral” as a preface to the memoirs of the French actor Lekain. His last appearance was in Delaville's Charles VI on June 3, 1826.
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Talma, François Joseph — Talma, François Joseph, vielleicht der größte Mime von allen, welche je auf Frankreichs Kothurn wandelten, wurde am 15. Jan. 1763 zu Paris geb., verlebte seine ersten Jugendjahre in England, und trat, als ihn Familienverhältnisse nach Paris… … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Talma, François-Joseph — (1763 1826) tragedian One of France s most celebrated actors, François Joseph Talma was born in Paris, where he debuted at the comédie française in voltaire s Mohamet, then created the title role in Charles IX by marie joseph chénier (1789) … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Talma, François-Joseph — (16 ene. 1763, París, Francia–19 oct. 1826, París). Actor y productor de teatro francés. En 1787 debutó en la Comédie Française. Influenciado por el pintor Jacques Louis David, se convirtió en uno de los primeros en impulsar el uso de vestuario… … Enciclopedia Universal
TALMA, FRANÇOIS JOSEPH — a famous French tragedian, born in Paris, where in 1787 he made his début; from the first his great gifts were apparent, and during the Revolution he was the foremost actor at the Théâtre de la République, and subsequently enjoyed the favour… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
François Joseph Talma — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Talma representando la tragedia Cinna François Joseph Talma (16 de enero, 1763, París 19 de octubre, 1826, París) fue un director teatral y actor francés. Debutó en el … Wikipedia Español
Francois-Joseph Talma — François Joseph Talma François Joseph Talma François Joseph Talma (* 15. Januar 1763 in Paris; † 19. Oktober 1826 in Paris) war ein franz … Deutsch Wikipedia
François-Joseph Talma — François Joseph Talma (* … Deutsch Wikipedia
Francois-Joseph Talma — François Joseph Talma Talma dans le rôle de Cinna François Joseph Talma (Paris, 15 janvier 1763 † 19 octobre 1826) fut l acteur français le plus prestigieux de son époque, suivant en cela … Wikipédia en Français
François-Joseph Talma — Talma dans le rôle de Cinna François Joseph Talma (Paris, 15 janvier 1763 † 19 octobre 1826) fut l acteur français le plus prestigieux de son époque, suivant en cela Lekain … Wikipédia en Français
François-Joseph Talma — (January 15, 1763 1826) was a French actor.He was born in Paris. His father, a dentist, moved to London, gave him a good English education. He returned to Paris, where for a year and a half he practised dentistry. His predilection for the stage… … Wikipedia