Tagalog language

Austronesian language of the Philippines, spoken as a first language by about 17 million people on the island of Luzon and by at least half a million immigrant Filipinos.

As the language of Manila, the capital and chief city of the Philippines, Tagalog has long had an importance outside its own speech area. With vocabulary enrichment from other Philippine languages, it has been made the basis of Pilipino, the national language; widely used in education and the media, Pilipino is now understood by more than 60% of the Philippine population. Though a script ultimately of South Asian origin was in use for Tagalog in the 16th century (see Indic writing systems), all recent literature in the language has utilized adaptations of the Latin alphabet.

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      member of the Central Philippine branch of the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) language family and the base for Pilipino (Pilipino language), an official language of the Philippines, together with English. It is most closely related to Bicol and the Bisayan (Visayan) languages—Cebuano, Hiligaynon (Ilongo), and Samar. Native Tagalog speakers form the second largest linguistic and cultural group in the Philippines and number about 14 million; they are located in central Luzon and parts of Mindanao.

      Pilipino (based on Tagalog) is spoken by another 25 million persons as a second language and is increasingly used in literature, radio, and the press and as a language for government and education. Tagalog grammar is notable for its complex verbal system, including in particular three distinct types of passive constructions.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Tagalog — /tah gah lawg, teuh /, n., pl. Tagalogs, (esp. collectively) Tagalog for 1. 1. a member of a Malayan people native to Luzon, in the Philippines. 2. the principal language of the Philippines, an Indonesian language of the Austronesian family. * *… …   Universalium

  • Tagalog people — Infobox Ethnic group group = Tagalog people flagicon|Philippines population = Estimated: 26 Million caption = regions = Philippines, United States languages = Tagalog, Filipino and English religions = Christianity (Predominantly Roman Catholic,… …   Wikipedia

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  • Tagalog phonology — This article is about the phonology of the Tagalog language. It deals with current phonology and phonetics as well as with historical developments thereof, including variants.Tagalog has allophones, so it is important here to distinguish phonemes …   Wikipedia

  • language — /lang gwij/, n. 1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition: the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French… …   Universalium

  • Tagalog — Gesprochen in Philippinen; Region: Zentral und Südluzon Sprecher 22 Millionen (Erstsprachler) 50 Millionen (Zweitsprachler) Linguistische Klassifikation Austronesisch Malayo polynesisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tagalog — [tä gä′lōg΄] n. [< ? ] 1. pl. Tagalogs or Tagalog a member of the ethnic group that is indigenous to Manila and the surrounding region in the Philippines 2. the Western Austronesian language of this ethnic group, an official language of the… …   English World dictionary

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