Szell, George

born June 7, 1897, Budapest, Hung., Austria-Hungary
died July 30, 1970, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.

Hungarian-born U.S. conductor.

He made his debut as a pianist at age 11, and before his 20th birthday he had appeared with the Berlin Philharmonic as pianist, conductor, and composer. He established himself as an opera conductor in various German cities, including Berlin (1924–30) and Prague (1930–36). When World War II broke out, he settled in the U.S., conducting at the Metropolitan Opera (1942–46) and then serving as musical director of the Cleveland Orchestra (1946–70). There he imposed stern discipline but won his players' devotion by his own fierce dedication. Under his direction the orchestra became known for its precision in playing and was considered one of the world's finest.

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▪ American musician
original name  György Széll  
born June 7, 1897, Budapest, Hung., Austria-Hungary
died July 30, 1970, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
 Hungarian-born American conductor, pianist, and composer who built the Cleveland Orchestra into a leading American orchestra during his long tenure (1946–70) there as musical director.

      A child prodigy on the piano, Szell was educated in Vienna. His conducting debut came at the age of 16 with the Vienna Symphony Orchestra. Richard Strauss appointed him to the staff of the Berlin State Opera in 1915, and he was subsequently engaged by opera houses in Prague, Darmstadt, and Düsseldorf. He was first conductor at the Berlin State Opera (1924–29), at the German Theatre in Prague (1930–37), and conductor of the Scottish Orchestra (1937–39). Before World War II he appeared with orchestras in various countries, including the United States and the Soviet Union.

      After the outbreak of war in 1939, Szell immigrated to the United States, conducting in many American cities. From 1942 to 1946 he conducted at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City, and he became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1946. That same year he took up his post as musical director of the Cleveland Orchestra, holding it until his death in 1970. Szell toured widely with that organization, winning an international reputation for the clarity, balance, and intensity of his performances of works by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Johannes Brahms, and Gustav Mahler.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SZELL, GEORGE — (Georg; 1897–1970), conductor, pianist and composer. He was born in Budapest but grew up in Vienna, where he studied piano and composition with Richard Robert and Max Reger. As a composer and pianist, dubbed the new Mozart, he turned to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Szell,George — Szell (sĕl, zĕl), George. 1897 1970. Hungarian born American conductor who was best known as the musical director of the Cleveland Orchestra (1946 1970). * * * …   Universalium

  • Szell, George — (7 jun. 1897, Budapest, Hungría, Austria Hungría–30 jul. 1970, Cleveland, Ohio, EE.UU.). Director de orquesta estadounidense de origen húngaro. A los 11 años de edad hizo su debut como pianista y antes de su vigésimo cumpleaños se había… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Szell — (IPAEng|ˈsɛl) (June 7, 1897 ndash; July 30, 1970), originally György Széll or Georg Szell, [Sources differ on Szell s birthname or real name. Slonimsky 2001 , for example, begins its entry, Szell, George (actually, György)... . This form would… …   Wikipedia

  • Szell — George Szell George Szell George Szell (György Széll) est un chef d orchestre et pianiste américain d origine hongroise, né le 7 juin 1897 à Budapest et mort le 29 juillet 1970 à Cleveland …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Szell — György Széll Naissance 7 juin 1897 Budapest …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George — George, David Lloyd George, Henry George, Pierre George, Stefan * * * (as used in expressions) Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, 4 conde de George William Russell Akerlof, George A. Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Szell — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • George — /jawrj/, n. 1. a figure of St. George killing the dragon, esp. one forming part of the insignia of the Order of the Garter. 2. Brit. Slang. any coin bearing the image of St. George. 3. a word formerly used in communications to represent the… …   Universalium

  • George Szell — George Szell, 5. Januar 1954 Fotografie von Carl van Vechten, aus der Van Vechten Collection der Library of Congress George Szell (eigentlich György Széll, * 7. Juni 1897 in Budapest; † 30. Juli 1970 in Cleveland, Ohio) war ein US amer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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