Symington, William

born October 1763, Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scot.
died March 22, 1831, London, Eng.

British engineer.

Educated for the ministry, he became a mechanic instead. He created a working model of a steam-driven road carriage in 1786 and first used steam for marine purposes the following year. In 1801–02 he developed a successful steam-driven paddle wheel and used it to propel one of the first practical steamboats, the Charlotte Dundas. Though his engine was used successfully on the Forth and Clyde Canal in 1802, cautious managers caused the project to be abandoned in 1803.

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▪ British engineer
born Oct. 1763, Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scot.
died March 22, 1831, London

      British engineer who developed (1801) a successful steam-driven paddle wheel and used it the following year to propel one of the first practical steamboats, the Charlotte Dundas.

      Although Symington was educated for the ministry at Glasgow and Edinburgh, his inclinations led him to become a civil engineer. His working model of a steam-driven road carriage generated much enthusiasm in 1786, and within a few years he had patented several improved steam engines. His use of chains and ratchet wheels to provide rotary motion allowed far more economical operation than Watt's design. His first use of steam for marine purposes in 1787 was followed by larger experiments. In 1789 a boat propelled by an engine of his design achieved a speed of 7 mph.

      In 1801 he patented a new engine utilizing a connecting rod and crank, a system that proved superior for paddle-wheel operation. This engine was used in 1802 to propel the Charlotte Dundas on the Forth and Clyde Canal, thus launching the first steamboat fitted for practical operations. Cautious managers caused the project to be abandoned in 1803.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Symington, William — (Oct. 1763, Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Escocia–22 mar. 1831, Londres, Inglaterra). Ingeniero británico. Educado para el clero protestante, prefirió hacerse mecánico. En 1786 creó un modelo operacional de un carruaje propulsado a vapor y fue el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Symington, (William) Stuart — (1901 1988)    Stuart Symington was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, but his family moved to Baltimore, Maryland, where he went to school. He enlisted in the military at the age of 17 and after the war went to Yale but left in 1923 without… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Symington, (William) Stuart — born June 26, 1901, Amherst, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 14, 1988, New Canaan, Conn. U.S. politician. He served in World War I, attended Yale University (1919–23), and entered politics in 1945 as chairman of the Surplus Property Board in the… …   Universalium

  • Symington, (William) Stuart — (26 jun. 1901, Amherst, Mass., EE.UU.–14 dic. 1988, Nueva Canaán, Conn.). Político estadounidense. Prestó servicios en la primera guerra mundial, asistió a la Universidad de Yale (1919–23), y entró en la carrera política en 1945, como presidente… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

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