Sweelinck, Jan Pieterszoon
died Oct. 16, 1621, AmsterdamDutch composer.As organist at Amsterdam's Old Church from с 1580, he became famous for his improvisations. Aside from occasional trips to other cities for organ consultation, he remained there his entire life, teaching Samuel Scheidt and other members of the North German school of organists (which would ultimately influence Johann Sebastian Bach). Many of his vocal works were published in Psalms of David (1604–14) and Cantiones sacrae (1619); he also published many keyboard fantasias, toccatas, and variation sets.
* * *▪ Dutch composerborn April 1562, Amsterdamdied Oct. 16, 1621, AmsterdamDutch organist and composer, one of the principal figures in the development of organ music before J.S. Bach.Sweelinck succeeded his father as organist of the Oude Kerk (Old Church), Amsterdam, in about 1580 and remained in this post until his death. Apparently he never left the Low Countries and traveled only to Rotterdam and Antwerp.Although he composed much sacred and secular vocal music in the polyphonic traditions of France and the Netherlands (including the Chansons, the Cantiones sacrae, and settings of the Psalms), Sweelinck was chiefly known as an organist and keyboard (keyboard instrument) composer. His keyboard music includes chorale variations, toccatas and fantasias showing the influence of the Venetian organ school, and sets of variations on secular tunes.Sweelinck's fantasias are among the first organ fugues in which a single theme is subjected to augmentation, diminution, and changes of rhythm and combined with counterthemes. His secular variations drew upon popular tunes of several European countries; an example is the set of variations on Mein junges Leben hat ein End'.It is possible that Sweelinck met the English composers John Bull and Peter Philips during their visits to the Low Countries; Bull's “Fantasia on a Theme of Sweelinck” was the tribute of one keyboard virtuoso to another. Sweelinck's keyboard playing was widely known. His organ pupils included the German composers Samuel Scheidt and Heinrich Scheidemann; Scheidemann's pupil J.A. Reinken handed on this tradition of organ playing to the Danish organist Dietrich Buxtehude. Many outstanding organists of the following generation, particularly in northern Germany, were pupils of Sweelinck; Handel and Bach were influenced by this northern German school of organ playing.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
SWEELINCK, Jan Pieterszoon — (1562 1621) Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, the widely acclaimed organist of Amsterdam s Oude Kerk (Old Church), was a gifted composer of keyboard and vocal music as well as one of the most renowned and influential teachers of his day. Born in… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Sweelinck, Jan Pieterszoon — (abr. 1562, Amsterdam, Países Bajos–16 oct. 1621, Amsterdam). Compositor holandés. Se hizo famoso por sus improvisaciones como organista en la Iglesia Antigua de Amsterdam desde 1580. Aparte de algunos viajes ocasionales a otras ciudades como… … Enciclopedia Universal
Sweelinck, Jan Pieterszoon — (?May 1562, Deventer, the Netherlands – 16 October 1621, Amsterdam) He lived almost his entire life in Amsterdam and was organist at the Oude Kerk certainly from 1580 (possibly earlier) until his death. Famous as a teacher, his students… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck. Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, nacido en abril o mayo de 1562 y fallecido el 16 de octubre de 1621, fue un compositor de los Países Bajos. Compositor, organista, docente, su obra se extiende entre el fin del Renacimiento y… … Wikipedia Español
Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck — (April or May, 1562 ndash; October 16, 1621) was a Dutch composer, organist, and pedagogue whose work straddled the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras. He was among the first major keyboard composers of Europe, and his work… … Wikipedia
Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon (auch: Pieters, Pietersz) Sweelinck (* im April 1562 in Deventer; † 16. Oktober 1621 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Organist und Komponist … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck — Surnom l Orphée d Amsterdam Naissance mai 1562 Deventer Décès 6 … Wikipédia en Français
Jan Pieters Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck Jan Pieterszoon (auch: Pieters, Pietersz) Sweelinck (* im April 1562 in Deventer; † 16. Oktober 1621 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Organist und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jan Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck Jan Pieterszoon (auch: Pieters, Pietersz) Sweelinck (* im April 1562 in Deventer; † 16. Oktober 1621 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Organist und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sweelinck — Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck Jan Pieterszoon (auch: Pieters, Pietersz) Sweelinck (* im April 1562 in Deventer; † 16. Oktober 1621 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Organist und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia