orig. Ettore Schmitzborn Dec. 19, 1861, Trieste, Austrian Empiredied Sept. 13, 1928, Motta di Livenza, ItalyItalian writer.Though family financial difficulties forced him to leave school and become a bank clerk, he read on his own and began to write. A Life (1892), revolutionary in its analytical, introspective treatment of an ineffectual hero, was ignored on publication, as was As a Man Grows Older (1898). He gave up writing until, encouraged by James Joyce (then living in Trieste), he produced his most famous novel, Confessions of Zeno (1923), a brilliant work in the form of a patient's statement for his psychiatrist. He died in an auto accident. Two short-story collections, essays, dramatic works, correspondence with Eugenio Montale, and his unfinished Further Confessions of Zeno (1969) were published after his death. He is regarded as a pioneer of the psychological novel.
* * *▪ Italian authorpseudonym of Ettore Schmitzborn Dec. 19, 1861, Trieste, Austrian Empire [now in Italy]died Sept. 13, 1928, Motta di Livenza, ItalyItalian novelist and short-story writer, a pioneer of the psychological novel in Italy.Svevo (whose pseudonym means “Italian Swabian”) was the son of a German-Jewish glassware merchant and an Italian mother. At 12 he was sent to a boarding school near Würzburg, Ger. He later returned to a commercial school in Trieste, but his father's business difficulties forced him to leave school and become a bank clerk. He continued to read on his own and began to write.Svevo's first novel, Una vita (1892; A Life), was revolutionary in its analytic, introspective treatment of the agonies of an ineffectual hero (a pattern Svevo repeated in subsequent works). A powerful but rambling work, the book was ignored upon its publication. So was its successor, Senilità (1898; As a Man Grows Older), featuring another bewildered hero. Svevo had been teaching at a commercial school, and, with Senilità's failure, he formally gave up writing and became engrossed in his father-in-law's business.Ironically, business frequently required Svevo to visit England in the years that followed, and a decisive step in his life was to engage a young man, James Joyce (Joyce, James), in 1907 as his English tutor in Trieste. They became close friends, and Joyce let the middle-aged businessman read portions of his unpublished Dubliners, after which Svevo timidly produced his own two novels. Joyce's tremendous admiration for them, along with other factors, encouraged Svevo to return to writing. He wrote what became his most famous novel, La coscienza di Zeno (1923; Confessions of Zeno), a brilliant work in the form of a patient's statement for his psychiatrist. Published at Svevo's own expense, as were his other works, this novel was also a failure, until a few years later, when Joyce gave Svevo's work to two French critics, Valéry Larbaud and Benjamin Cremieux, who publicized him and made him famous. In Italy his reputation grew more slowly, though the poet Eugenio Montale wrote a laudatory essay on him in a 1925 issue of L'Esame.While working on a sequel to Zeno, Svevo was killed in an automobile accident. Among posthumously published works are two short-story collections, La novella del buon vecchio e della bella fanciulla, e altre prose inedite e postume (1930; The Nice Old Man and the Pretty Girl), with a preface by Montale, and Corto viaggio sentimentale e altri racconti inedite (1949; Short Sentimental Journey and Other Stories); as well as Saggi e pagine sparse (1954; “Essays and Scattered Pages”); Commedie (1960), a collection of dramatic work; and Further Confessions of Zeno (1969), an English translation of his incomplete novel. Svevo's correspondence with Montale was published as Lettere (1966). Svevo ultimately has been recognized as one of the most important figures in modern Italian literary history.
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SVEVO, ITALO — (pen name of Ettore Schmitz; 1861–1928), Italian novelist. Svevo s mother was an Italian, his father an Austrian. He was educated in Germany, and on returning to his native Trieste worked as a bank clerk. From 1889 he was a partner in an… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Svevo, Italo — (pseud. Ettore Schmitz, 1861–1928) Born in Trieste, Italo Svevo was a neglected genius who, by bitter irony, was killed in a road accident just as he was winning European wide fame for his dense, intellectually challenging novels. Svevo worked … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Svevo, Italo — ► (1861 1928) Seudónimo de Ettore Schmitz, novelista italiano. Autor de La conciencia de Zeno. * * * orig. Ettore Schmitz (19 dic. 1861, Trieste, Imperio austríaco–13 sep. 1928, Motta di Livenza, Italia). Escritor italiano. A pesar de que… … Enciclopedia Universal
Svevo, Italo — pseud. di Ettore Schmitz (Trieste 1861 Motta di Livenza, Treviso 1928) scrittore, caposcuola del romanzo coscienza … Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano
Svevo, Italo — pseud. di Schmitz, Aron Hector … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
Svevo, Italo (Schmitz, Ettore) — (1861 1928) Italian writer. Born in Trieste, he was a bank clerk and manager of his father in law s paint factory. He converted to Catholicism. He used the pseudonym Italo Svevo for his first novel, Una vita … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Svevo, Italo (Ettore Schmitz) — (1861–1928) Italian novelist. A businessman in Trieste, Schmitz wrote under the pen name of Svevo. James Joyce, who spent some years in Trieste, discovered him and their correspondence over some years was published in France and England. After … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Svevo — Svevo, Italo … Enciclopedia Universal
Italo Svevo — vers 1900 Nom de naissance Ettore Schmitz Autres noms Italo Svevo Activités écrivain Naissance … Wikipédia en Français
Svevo — Italo Svevo (eigentlich: Hector Aron Schmitz, genannt Ettore Schmitz; * 19. Dezember 1861 in Triest; † 13. September 1928 in Motta di Livenza bei Treviso) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller. Svevo gilt als führender italienischer Romanautor des … Deutsch Wikipedia