Surrey, Henry Howard, earl of
died Jan. 13, 1547, LondonEnglish poet.Because of his aristocratic birth and connections, Surrey was involved in the jockeying for place that accompanied Henry VIII's policies. After returning to England in 1546 from a campaign abroad, he was accused of treason by his rivals. After his sister admitted he was still a Roman Catholic, he was executed at age 30. Most of his poetry was published 10 years later. With Thomas Wyat, he introduced into England the styles and metres of the Italian humanist poets, laying the foundation of a great age in English poetry. He translated two books of Virgil's Aeneid, marking the first use in English of blank verse and was the first to develop the sonnet form used by William Shakespeare.
* * *▪ English poetborn 1517, Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, Eng.?died Jan. 13, 1547, Londonpoet who, with Sir Thomas Wyatt (Wyatt, Sir Thomas) (1503–42), introduced into England the styles and metres of the Italian humanist poets and so laid the foundation of a great age of English poetry.The eldest son of Lord Thomas Howard, Henry took the courtesy title of Earl of Surrey in 1524 when his father succeeded as 3rd Duke of Norfolk. It was Surrey's fate, because of his birth and connections, to be involved (though usually peripherally) in the jockeying for place that accompanied Henry VIII's policies. From 1530 until 1532 he lived at Windsor with his father's ward, Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond, who was the son of Henry VIII and his mistress Elizabeth Blount. In 1532, after talk of marriage with the princess Mary (daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon), he married Lady Frances de Vere, the 14-year-old daughter of the Earl of Oxford, but they did not live together until 1535. Despite this marriage, an alliance between him and the princess Mary was still discussed. In 1533 Richmond married Surrey's sister Mary, but the two did not live together because Mary preferred to stay in the country. Richmond died three years later, under suspicious circumstances.Surrey was confined at Windsor (1537–39) after being charged by the Seymours (high in favour since the king's marriage to Jane Seymour in 1536) with having secretly favoured the Roman Catholics in the rebellion of 1536. He had in fact joined his father against the insurgents. In 1540 he was a champion in court jousts, and his prospects were further improved by the marriage of his cousin Catherine Howard to the king. He served in the campaign in Scotland in 1542 and in France and Flanders from 1543 to 1546. He acted as field marshal in 1545 but was reprimanded for exposing himself unnecessarily to danger.Returning to England in 1546, he found the king dying and his old enemies the Seymours incensed by his interference in the projected alliance between his sister Mary and Sir Thomas Seymour, Jane's brother; he made matters worse by his assertion that the Howards were the obvious regents for Prince Edward, Henry VIII's son by Jane Seymour. The Seymours, alarmed, accused Surrey and his father of treason and called his sister, the Duchess of Richmond, to witness against him. She made the disastrous admission that he was still a close adherent to the Roman Catholic faith. Because Surrey's father, the Duke of Norfolk, had been considered heir apparent if Henry VIII had had no issue, the Seymours urged that the Howards were planning to set Prince Edward aside and assume the throne. Surrey defended himself unavailingly and at the age of 30 was executed on Tower Hill. His father was saved only because the king died before he could be executed.Most of Surrey's poetry was probably written during his confinement at Windsor; it was nearly all first published in 1557, 10 years after his death. He acknowledged Wyatt as a master and followed him in adapting Italian forms to English verse. He translated a number of Petrarch's sonnets already translated by Wyatt. Surrey achieved a greater smoothness and firmness, qualities that were to be important in the evolution of the English sonnet. Surrey was the first to develop the sonnet form used by William Shakespeare.In his other short poems he wrote not only on the usual early Tudor themes of love and death but also of life in London, of friendship, and of youth. The love poems have little force except when, in two “ComplaintAeneid, published in 1557 as Certain Bokes of Virgiles Aenaeis, was the first use in English of blank verse, a style adopted from Italian verse.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Surrey, Henry Howard, Earl of — (1517? 1547) Poet, s. of Thomas H., 3rd Duke of Norfolk, was ed. by John Clerke, a learned and travelled scholar, and sec. to his f. He became attached to the Court, was cup bearer to the King (Henry VIII.), ewerer at the Coronation, and Earl… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
SURREY, HENRY HOWARD, EARL OF — poet, son of the Duke of Norfolk; early attached to the court of Henry VIII., he attended his royal master at the Field of the Cloth of Gold, and took part in the coronation ceremony of Anne Boleyn (1533); was created a Knight of the Garter in … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey — KG (1517 ndash; 19 January 1547) was an English aristocrat, and one of the founders of English Renaissance poetry.LifeHe was born in Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, England, the eldest son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and his second wife, Lady… … Wikipedia
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey — Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, Ölgemälde von Hans Holbein d. J., 1542 Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (* 1516 in Hunsdon, Hertfordshire; † 19. Januar 1547 im Tower of London) war ein englischer Dichter. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Northampton, Henry Howard, Earl of, Baron Of Marnhull — ▪ English earl born Feb. 25, 1540, Shottesham, Norfolk, Eng. died June 15, 1614, London Roman Catholic intriguer during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I of England, known for his unscrupulousness and treachery. He was the second… … Universalium
Henry Howard (comte de Surrey) — Henry Howard Portrait de 1546, attribué à William Scrots. Surnom comte de Surrey … Wikipédia en Français
Henry Howard — may refer to:Nobles*Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1517–1547), English aristocrat and poet *Henry Howard, 1st Viscount Howard of Bindon (d. 1590) *Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton (1540–1614), son of the Earl of Surrey *Henry Howard, 2nd Earl … Wikipedia
Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton — (1540 June 15, 1614), was the second son of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, the poet, and of his wife, the former Lady Frances de Vere, daughter of the 15th Earl of Oxford, and was the younger brother of the 4th Duke of Norfolk.He was educated… … Wikipedia
Henry Howard — ist der Name folgender Personen: Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1516–1547), englischer Dichter Henry Howard, 22. Earl of Arundel (1608 1652), englischer Adliger Henry Howard, 6. Duke of Norfolk (1628–1684), englischer Adliger Henry Howard (Maler)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henry Howard — Para el artículo sobre el pintor, véase Henry Howard (artista). Henry Howard, conde de Surrey, pintado por Hans Holbein entre 1541 y 1543. Henry Howard, conde de Surrey (1517 19 de enero de 1547) fue un aristócrata inglés, y uno de los fundadores … Wikipedia Español