- born Jan. 6, 1811, Boston, Mass., U.S.died March 11, 1874, Washington, D.C.U.S. politician.He practiced law while crusading for the abolition of slavery, prison reform, world peace, and educational reform. He was elected to the U.S. Senate (1852–74) and spoke out against slavery. He denounced the Kansas-Nebraska Act as the "crime against Kansas" and scorned its authors, Sen. Stephen A. Douglas and Sen. Andrew P. Butler. In 1856 an incensed relative of Butler, Congressman Preston S. Brooks of South Carolina, invaded the Senate and severely beat Sumner with a cane. He returned to the Senate in 1859, and as chairman of the foreign relations committee (1861–71) he helped resolve the Trent Affair.Charles SumnerLibrary of Congress, Washington, D.C.
* * *▪ United States statesmanborn Jan. 6, 1811, Bostondied March 11, 1874, Washington, D.C.U.S. statesman of the American Civil War period dedicated to human equality and to the abolition of slavery.A graduate of Harvard Law School (1833), Sumner crusaded for many causes, including prison reform, world peace, and Horace Mann's educational reforms. It was in his long service as a U.S. senator from Massachusetts (1852–74), however, that he exercised his major influence on history. He bitterly attacked the Compromise of 1850, which attempted to balance the demands of North against South. On May 19/20, 1856, he denounced the “Crime against Kansas” (the Kansas–Nebraska Act) as “in every respect a swindle” and characterized its authors, Senators Andrew P. Butler and Stephen A. Douglas, as myrmidons (followers) of slavery. Two days later Congressman Preston S. Brooks of South Carolina invaded the Senate, labelled the speech a libel on his state and on his uncle, Senator Butler, and then severely beat Sumner with a cane. It took three years for Sumner to recover from the beating.Sumner was chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee from March 1861 to March 1871. Close acquaintanceships with prominent Englishmen such as Richard Cobden, John Bright, William Ewart Gladstone, and other European leaders—gained during his several European sojourns (1837–40)—afforded him unusual understanding of and influence in international affairs. He helped preserve peace between Britain and the United States by persuading President Lincoln to give up Confederate commissioners James M. Mason and John Slidell after their capture aboard the “Trent” in November 1861.Sumner opposed President Lincoln and later Pres. Andrew Johnson on post-war Reconstruction policy. He took the position that the defeated South was a conquered province outside the protection of the Constitution, and that the Confederate states should provide constitutional guarantees of equal voting rights to blacks before those states could be readmitted to the Union.In 1870 Sumner helped defeat Pres. Ulysses S. Grant's proposal to annex Santo Domingo. As a result, Grant apparently brought about Sumner's removal from the chairmanship of the Foreign Relations Committee, a blow that almost broke Sumner.In a move for magnanimity toward the defeated South, Sumner introduced a Senate resolution (1872) providing that the names of battles between fellow citizens should not be placed on the regimental colours of the U.S. Army. Reaction in his home state was immediate and bitter. The Massachusetts legislature censured the resolution as “an insult to the loyal soldiery of the nation” and as meeting “the unqualified condemnation of the people of the Commonwealth.” Two years later, however, the legislature rescinded its action. Shortly after receiving news that he had been exonerated, Sumner suffered a fatal heart attack.Additional ReadingComplete Works, with an introduction by G.F. Hoar (1900); David Donald, Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War (1960).
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Sumner,Charles — Sum·ner (sŭmʹnər), Charles. 1811 1874. American politician. A U.S. senator from Massachusetts (1851 1874), he was a noted orator with an uncompromising opposition to slavery. * * * … Universalium
Sumner, Charles — (6 ene. 1811, Boston, Mass., EE.UU.–11 mar. 1874, Washington, D.C.). Político estadounidense. Ejerció como abogado mientras realizaba una cruzada por la abolición de la esclavitud, la reforma carcelaria, la paz mundial y la reforma educacional.… … Enciclopedia Universal
SUMNER, CHARLES — American statesman and abolitionist, born in Boston; graduated at Harvard (1830), and was called to the bar in 1834, but found a more congenial sphere in writing and lecturing; during 1837 40 pursued his favourite study of jurisprudence in… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Sumner, Charles — (1811 1874) American statesman, and leader in the anti slavery movement. Elected to Senate, 1851; chairman of committee on foreign affairs, 1861. Index: B Very favourable to Reciprocity Treaty, 226. Bib.: Cyc. Am. Biog … The makers of Canada
Charles Sumner (bishop) — Charles Sumner Charles Richard Sumner (22 November 1790 15 August 1874, born at Kenilworth, was an English bishop. Contents 1 Life … Wikipedia
Charles Sumner — (* 6. Januar 1811 in Boston, Massachusetts; † 11. März 1874 in Washington D.C.) war ein amerikanischer Politiker. Er war Senator von Massachusetts. Leben Sumner besuch … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles K. Sumner — Charles Kaiser Sumner (1874–1948) was an American architect, practicing primarily in California. He was born Charles Sumner Kaiser in Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania in 1874, and studied at the Columbia University School of Architecture. He received a … Wikipedia
Sumner — Sumner, James Batcheller * * * (as used in expressions) Greene, Charles Sumner y Greene, Henry Mather Maine, Sir Henry (James Sumner) Sumner, Charles Sumner, James (Batcheller) … Enciclopedia Universal
Charles Sumner — For other people named Charles Sumner, see Charles Sumner (disambiguation). Charles Sumner Daguerreotype of Senator Sumner, 1855 United States Senator from Massachusetts … Wikipedia
Charles Sumner — Este artículo o sección sobre política y biografías necesita ser wikificado con un formato acorde a las convenciones de estilo. Por favor, edítalo para que las cumpla. Mientras tanto, no elimines este aviso puesto el 3 de julio de 2010. También… … Wikipedia Español