Strasberg, Lee

orig. Israel Strassberg

born Nov. 17, 1901, Budzanów, Pol., Austria-Hungary
died Feb. 17, 1982, New York, N.Y., U.S.

Russian-born U.S. theatre director and teacher.

At age seven he immigrated to New York City with his family. After acting lessons with teachers who had studied under Konstantin Stanislavsky, he became an actor and stage manager with the Theatre Guild. In 1931 he cofounded the Group Theatre, where he directed brilliant experimental plays such as Men in White (1933). After working in Hollywood (1941–48), he returned to New York City to become artistic director of the Actors Studio, where he expanded Stanislavsky's teachings to further develop method acting, in which actors use their own emotional memory for the purpose of dramatic motivation. He trained actors such as Marlon Brando, Marilyn Monroe, Dustin Hoffman, Geraldine Page, and Julie Harris.

* * *

▪ American director
born Nov. 17, 1901, Budzanów, Pol., Austria-Hungary [now Budanov, Ukr.]
died Feb. 17, 1982, New York, N.Y., U.S.

      theatre director, teacher, and actor, known as the chief American exponent of “method acting,” or the Stanislavsky method, in which actors are encouraged to use their own emotional experience and memory in preparing to “live” a role.

      Strasberg's family emigrated to the United States when he was seven, and he grew up on the Lower East Side of New York City. By the age of 15 he had begun acting in plays at the Christie Street Settlement House. He later took lessons at the American Laboratory Theatre, whose instructors, Richard Boleslawski and Maria Ouspenskaya, had studied in Moscow under Konstantin Stanislavsky. Strasberg began his professional career, as actor and stage manager, in the 1920s with the Theatre Guild. In 1931 he joined with Harold Clurman and Cheryl Crawford to form the Group Theatre, which for 10 years staged a number of brilliant experimental plays, including the Pulitzer Prize-winning Men in White (1934).

      From 1941 to 1948 Strasberg was in Hollywood for what he later called “an unfruitful but nevertheless educational experience.” In 1948 he was back in Manhattan, having joined the Actors Studio (Actors Studio, The), Inc., which had been founded the previous year by Elia Kazan, Cheryl Crawford, and Robert Lewis, all former associates of the Group Theatre. Strasberg was artistic director of the Actors Studio from 1948 until his death, over the years counseling such students in “The Method” as Julie Harris, Geraldine Page, Marlon Brando, Anne Bancroft, Rod Steiger, Eli Wallach, Patricia Neal, Sidney Poitier, Dustin Hoffman, and Robert DeNiro and developing such noted plays as A Hatful of Rain, Any Wednesday, and The Night of the Iguana.

      Strasberg made his film acting debut in The Godfather, Part II (1974) and subsequently appeared in The Cassandra Crossing (1977), And Justice for All (1979), Boardwalk (1979), and Going in Style (1979). A Dream of Passion, Strasberg's autobiographical account of the development of method acting, was published posthumously in 1987.

Additional Reading
Cindy Adams, Lee Strasberg, The Imperfect Genius of the Actors Studio (1980).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • STRASBERG, LEE — (1901–1982), U.S. theatrical director and teacher. Born in Budanov (then Austria Hungary), his family moved in 1909 to New York, where Strasberg became entranced with the theater, largely through the influence of the Chrystie Street Settlement… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Strasberg, Lee — (1901 82)    American actor. Born in Austria Hungary, he went to the US at the age of seven. He grew up on the Lower East Side of New York. He joined the Chrystie Street Settlement House s drama club. He later studied at the Clare Tree Major… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Strasberg, Lee — (1901–72)    US theatre director. At the age of eight, Strasberg was brought to New York from Hungary. After working with the Theatre Guild as an actor and director, he was a co founder in 1931 of the Group Theatre, which he directed until his… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Strasberg, Lee — • СТРА СБЕРГ (Strasberg) Ли (17.11.1901 12.2.1982)    амер. актёр, режиссер, педагог. С кон. 1910 х гг. выступал на сцене, был режиссёром. Занимался в Амер. лабораторном т ре у Р. Ботулеславского и М. Успенской, благодаря к рым изучил систему К.… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Strasberg,Lee — Stras·berg (străsʹbərg, sträsʹ ), Lee. 1901 1982. Austrian born American theatrical director and teacher who studied under Stanislavsky and was an influential exponent of his method of acting. * * * …   Universalium

  • Strasberg, Lee — pseud. di Lee, Israel …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Strasberg, Lee — orig. Israel Strassberg (17 nov. 1901, Budzanów, Polonia, Austría Hungría–17 feb. 1982, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Director y profesor de teatro estadounidense de origen ruso. A la edad de siete años emigró a Nueva York junto a su familia.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lee Strasbreg — Lee Strasberg Lee Strasberg, de son vrai nom Israel Strassberg (né le 17 novembre 1901 en Ukraine, mort le 17 février 1982 à New York, États Unis) était un acteur américain qui a contribué à faire de l Actors Studio l école d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • STRASBERG (L.) — STRASBERG LEE (1901 1982) Le nom de Lee Strasberg, fondateur et metteur en scène d’une compagnie dramatique américaine avant la guerre, le Group Theatre (avec Cheryl Crawford et Harold Clurman), est surtout lié à l’Actor’s Studio, qu’il créa à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lee — /lee/, n. 1. Ann, 1736 84, British mystic: founder of Shaker sect in U.S. 2. Charles, 1731 82, American Revolutionary general, born in England. 3. Doris Emrick /em rik/, born 1905, U.S. painter. 4. Fitzhugh /fits hyooh / or, often, / yooh ; fits… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.