Stevin, Simon

born 1548, Bruges, Flanders
died 1620, The Hague, Holland

Flemish mathematician.

In 1585 Stevin published a small pamphlet, La Thiende ("The Tenth"), in which he presented an account of decimal fractions and their daily use. Though he did not invent decimal fractions and his notation was clumsy, he established the use of decimals in day-to-day mathematics.

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▪ Dutch mathematician

born 1548, Bruges
died 1620, The Hague or Leiden, Neth.
 Flemish mathematician who helped standardize the use of decimal fractions and aided in refuting Aristotle's doctrine that heavy bodies fall faster than light ones.

      Stevin was a merchant's clerk in Antwerp for a time and eventually rose to become commissioner of public works and quartermaster general of the army under Prince Maurice of Nassau. He engineered a system of sluices to flood certain areas and drive off any enemy, an important defense of Holland. He also invented a 26-passenger carriage with sails for use along the seashore.

      In De Beghinselen der Weeghconst (1586; “Statics and Hydrostatics”) Stevin published the theorem of the triangle of forces. The knowledge of this triangle of forces, equivalent to the parallelogram diagram of forces, gave a new impetus to the study of statics, which had previously been founded on the theory of the lever. He also discovered that the downward pressure of a liquid is independent of the shape of its vessel and depends only on its height and base.

      In 1585 Stevin published a small pamphlet, La Thiende (“The Tenth”), in which he presented an elementary and thorough account of decimal fractions and their daily use. Although he did not invent decimal fractions and his notation was rather unwieldy, he established their use in day-to-day mathematics. He declared that the universal introduction of decimal coinage, measures, and weights would be only a question of time. The same year he wrote La Disme (“The Decimal”) on the same subject.

      Stevin published a report in 1586 on his experiment in which two lead spheres, one 10 times as heavy as the other, fell a distance of 30 feet in the same time. His report received little attention, though it preceded by three years Galileo's first treatise concerning gravity and by 18 years Galileo's theoretical work on falling bodies.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • STEVIN, Simon — (c. 1546 1620) Simon Stevin, an associate of Prince Maurice of Orange, began publishing his numerous and varying works in the late sixteenth century during the Golden Age of the Netherlands. Topics Steven discusses in his works include weights… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Stevin , Simon — (1548–1620) Flemish mathematician and engineer Stevin was also known as Stevinus, the Latinized form of his name. Born in the city of Bruges, he worked for a time as a clerk in Antwerp, eventually working his way up to become quartermaster of the …   Scientists

  • Stevin, Simon — ► (1548 1620) Matemático y mecánico flamenco, llamado Stephanus y Simón de Brujas. A él se deben el concepto del paralelogramo de fuerzas, el descubrimiento de la teoría de los planos inclinados y la descripción de la paradoja hidrostática. * * * …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Simon Stevin — (* 1548/49 in Brügge (Flandern); † 1620) war ein flämischer Mathematiker, Physiker und Ingenieur. Er war auf vielen Gebieten der Wissenschaften theoretisch und praktisch tätig, aber am bekanntesten ist er für seine Übersetzungen vieler mathe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stevin — Simon Stevin Simon Stevin (* 1548/49 in Brügge (Flandern); † 1620) war ein flämischer Mathematiker, Physiker und Ingenieur. Er war auf vielen Gebieten der Wissenschaften theoretisch und praktisch tätig, aber am bekanntesten ist er für seine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Simon Stevin — Simon Stevin. Simon Stevin (1548 1620), también conocido como Simón de Brujas o Stevinus (forma latinizada de su nombre) fue un matemático, ingeniero militar e hidraúlico, constructor de molinos y fortificaciones, semiólogo, contable e intendente …   Wikipedia Español

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