Stevens, Robert Livingston

born Oct. 18, 1787, Hoboken, N.J., U.S.
died April 20, 1856, Hoboken

U.S. engineer and ship designer.

The son of John Stevens, he tested the first steamboat to use screw propellers. He designed the railway T-rail in 1830, and later the railroad spike. He found that rails laid on wooden ties, with crushed stone or gravel beneath, provided a roadbed superior to any known before; his construction remains in universal use.

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▪ American engineer
born Oct. 18, 1787, Hoboken, N.J., U.S.
died April 20, 1856, Hoboken

      U.S. engineer and ship designer who invented the widely used inverted-T railroad rail and the railroad spike. He tested the first steamboat to use screw propellers, built by his father, the noted inventor John Stevens. He also assisted his father in the construction of the “Phoenix,” on which he served during the steamboat's historic ocean voyage from New York to Philadelphia in 1809.

      Stevens became a prominent figure in naval design. He developed a “false bow” for the steamboat “New Philadelphia,” which increased its speed so that it was able to leave Albany, N.Y., in the morning and reach New York City before nightfall. In 1822 he built the ferryboat “Hoboken.”

      Stevens designed the inverted-T rail in 1830; he found that rails laid on wooden ties, with crushed stone or gravel beneath, provided a roadbed superior to any known before. His rail and roadbed came into universal use in the United States. He also added the pilot, or cowcatcher, to the locomotive and increased the number of drive wheels to eight for better traction. In 1846 Stevens, an ardent yachtsman, designed the “Maria,” for 20 years one of the fastest yachts in the world.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stevens, Robert Livingston — SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping [br] b. 18 October 1787 Hoboken, New Jersey, USA d. 20 April 1856 Hoboken, New Jersey, USA [br] American engineer, pioneer of steamboats and railways. [br] R.L.Stevens was the son of John Stevens and was given the …   Biographical history of technology

  • Stevens, Robert Livingston — (18 oct. 1787, Hoboken, N.J., EE.UU.–20 abr. 1856, Hoboken). Ingeniero y diseñador naval estadounidense. Hijo de John Stevens, probó el primer vapor en usar hélices motrices. Diseñó en 1830 el riel ferroviario en T y más tarde el clavo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Livingston Stevens — (* 1778 in Hoboken, New Jersey; † 1856 ebenda) war ein amerikanischer Ingenieur und Konstrukteur der seine Fähigkeiten insbesondere der Eisenbahntechnik, Dampfschiffen und Fährbooten widmete. Er war Sohn von Colonel John Stevens sowie Präsident… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Livingston (1746–1813) — death place=Clermont, New York party=None profession=Politician spouse=Mary Stevens Livingston nationality= United States footnotes=Robert R. Livingston (November 27, 1746 ndash; February 26, 1813), of New York, was a Federalist Party delegate to …   Wikipedia

  • Stevens — Stevens, Siaka Probyn Stevens, Wallace * * * (as used in expressions) Hewitt, Abram S(tevens) Maxim, Sir Hiram (Stevens) Ruby Stevens Stevens, George Stevens, John Stevens, John Paul Stevens, Robert Livingston …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Livingston — /liv ing steuhn/, n. 1. Robert R., 1746 1813, U.S. political figure and jurist. 2. a township in NE New Jersey. 28,040. * * * (as used in expressions) Livingston Robert R. Livingston William Stevens Robert Livingston * * * ▪ Montana, United… …   Universalium

  • Stevens — /stee veuhnz/, n. 1. Alfred, 1817 75, English painter and sculptor. 2. George (Cooper), 1905 75, U.S. film director. 3. John Cox /koks/, 1749 1838, and his son Robert Livingston, 1787 1856, U.S. engineers and inventors. 4. John Paul, born 1920, U …   Universalium

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Robert — (as used in expressions) Adam, Robert Aldrich, Robert Altman, Robert (B.) Ashe, Arthur (Robert), Jr. Baden Powell (de Gilwell), Robert Stephenson Smyth, 1 barón Bakewell, Robert Baldwin, Robert Ballard Robert D(uane) Bly, Robert (Elwood) Borden,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Livingston — (as used in expressions) Livingston, Robert R. Livingston, William Stevens, Robert Livingston …   Enciclopedia Universal

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