Soutine, Chaim

born 1893/94?, Smilovichi, near Minsk, Russian Empire
died Aug. 9, 1943, Paris, Fr.

Russian-born French painter.

After studying art in Vilnius, he went to Paris in 1913 to study at the École des Beaux-Arts. An art dealer enabled him to paint for three years in southern France, where his mature style emerged. His highly individualistic style, stimulated by Expressionism, is characterized by thick impasto, agitated brushwork, convulsive compositional rhythms, and disturbing psychological content. Best known are his studies of choirboys and cooks, his series of page boys, and his paintings of hung poultry and beef carcasses, which vividly convey the colour and luminosity of putrescence.

* * *

▪ French artist
born 1893/94?, Smilovichi, near Minsk, Russian Empire [now in Belarus]
died Aug. 9, 1943, Paris, Fr.

      Russian-born French painter whose highly individualistic style, characterized by the use of thick impasto, agitated brushwork, convulsive compositional rhythms, and the presence of disturbing psychological content, is closely related to early 20th-century Expressionism.

      Soutine was born the 10th child of a poor Jewish tailor in Belorussia. At age 16 he went to Vilna (now Vilnius) in Lithuania, where a friendly doctor helped him attend the school of fine arts for three years. In 1913 he emigrated to Paris, where he met Marc Chagall, Amedeo Modigliani, and Jacques Lipchitz, and attended the École des Beaux-Arts. Modigliani introduced Soutine to the art dealer Leopold Zborowski, who enabled him to spend three years (1919–22) painting at Céret in the south of France. The feverish, visionary landscapes Soutine painted there marked the emergence of his mature style. Soutine spent most of the remainder of his life in Paris. He exhibited little during his lifetime and relentlessly reworked or destroyed old canvases, but his paintings nevertheless found their way into French and American private collections and museums. Soutine died in France in 1943 during the wartime German occupation.

      Soutine is most popularly associated with his studies of choirboys and cooks and his series of pageboys (e.g., “Page Boy at Maxim's,” 1927; Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo). Also well known are his paintings of hung poultry and carcasses of beef, which convey the colour and luminosity of putrescence. He obtained these effects by painting in as many as 40 different hues with as many brushes.

      Soutine's portraits from the 1920s, distinguished by their subjects' twisted faces and distorted limbs and by the emphasis in each canvas on one brilliant colour, frequently red, are among his most expressive works.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SOUTINE, CHAIM — (1893–1943), Russian French painter. Soutine was born at Smilovitchi in Lithuania, the tenth of eleven children of a poor tailor. Chaim was interested in nothing but drawing, and at the age of fourteen he ran away, first   to Minsk, then to Vilna …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Soutine, Chaim — (1894–1943)    French painter. Soutine was a compulsive painter, driven to express his inner tensions in thick impasto paint and tormented forms. This urge seized him from earliest childhood, and in the most unlikely surroundings. He was the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Soutine, Chaim — (1894 1943)    painter    Born in ghetto in Smilovitchi, Lithuania, the 10th child of a poor family, Chaim Soutine worked for a photographer and studied art in Minsk and Vilna, Russia (1910) before leaving for France. Arriving in Paris (1913), he …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Soutine,Chaim — Sou·tine (so͞o tēnʹ), Chaim. 1893 1943. Lithuanian born French expressionist painter whose works are often disturbing presentations of distorted figures and gruesome subjects. Among his paintings are Side of Beef (1925) and The Head Valet (1928) …   Universalium

  • Soutine, Chaim — (1893 1943)    French painter. Born in Similovitchi, Lithuania, he studied in the School of Fine Arts in Vilna and later went to Paris. He shared rooms with Amedeo Modigliani. With the Nazi occupation, he fled to a small French village and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Soutine, Chaim — ► (1894 1943) Pintor expresionista francés. Sus retratos y paisajes muestran su carácter angustiado y la inquietud de su espíritu. Autor de Catedral de Chartres. * * * (¿1893/94?, Smilovichi, cerca de Minsk, Imperio ruso–9 ago. 1943, París,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Soutine, Chaim —    см. Сутин, Хаим …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Soutine — Soutine, Chaim …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chaim Soutine — Chaïm Soutine Chaïm Soutine est un peintre français né en Biélorussie dans le village de Smilovitchi, près de Minsk en 1893[1]. Il est mort à Paris, le 9 août 1943. Il a développé précocement une vision et une technique de peinture très …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Soutine — Chaïm Soutine Chaïm Soutine est un peintre français né en Biélorussie dans le village de Smilovitchi, près de Minsk en 1893[1]. Il est mort à Paris, le 9 août 1943. Il a développé précocement une vision et une technique de peinture très …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.