Sorel, Georges (-Eugène)

born Nov. 2, 1847, Cherbourg, France
died Aug. 30, 1922, Boulogne-sur-Seine

French author and revolutionary.

Trained as a civil engineer, he was 40 before he became interested in social issues. He discovered Marxism in 1893 but was disgusted by what he saw as the left's exploitation of the Alfred Dreyfus affair. By 1902 he was an enthusiastic supporter of revolutionary syndicalism. Sorel's thought is characterized by a moralistic hatred of social decadence and resignation. He held that human nature was not innately good; he therefore concluded that a satisfactory society was not likely to evolve but would have to be brought about by revolutionary action. After 1909 Sorel became disenchanted with syndicalism, and with some hesitation he joined the monarchist movement, which sought to reestablish a traditional morality. After the outbreak of the Russian Revolution of 1917, Sorel declared himself for the Bolsheviks, who he thought might be capable of precipitating the moral regeneration of mankind. His most important work, Reflections on Violence (1908), develops his notion of violence as the revolutionary denial of the existing social order. Sorel's ideas were appropriated (and perverted) by Benito Mussolini, who used them in support of fascism.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Sorel, Georges — (1847 1922)    social philosopher, journalist    Born in Cherbourg and educated at the École polytechnique in Paris, Georges Sorel was a civil engineer until 1892, when he became a contributor to several socialist journals. Denouncing the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

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  • Sorel, Georges — (1847 1922) After a long career as an engineer in France, Sorel resigned to become an independent scholar, and in the thirty five years before his death published a stream of books and articles on social theory, Marxism, and the philosophy of the …   Dictionary of sociology

  • SOREL, Georges — (1847 1922)    French Marxist journalist, philosopher, anarchist and revolutionary syndicalist who rejected RATIONALISM and through the work of BERGSON eventually developed a MYSTICAL NATIONALISM. Praising both STALIN and MUSSOLINI, he was… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Sorel, Georges — See Marxism ( …   History of philosophy

  • Sorel, Georges — ► (1847 1922) Economista, historiador, filósofo y político francés. Obras: El futuro socialista de los sindicatos (1898) y Reflexiones sobre la violencia (1908), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Sorel — (izg. sorȅl), Georges (1847 1922) DEFINICIJA francuski političar i sociolog, teoretičar revolucionarnoga sindikalizma, protivnik parlamentarizma, utjecao na fašistički korporativizam (Misli o sili, Uvod u ekonomiju, Iluzije o napretku) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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